St Ann Blackfriars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
St Ann Blackfriars

St Ann's Churchyard in 2008
Country England, United Kingdom
Denomination Anglican

St Ann Blackfriars was a church in the City of London, in what is now Ireland Yard[1] in the ward of Farringdon Within.[2] It was established in the 16th century to serve the inhabitants of the precincts of a former Dominican monastery, following its dissolution under King Henry VIII. It was near the Blackfriars Theatre, a fact which displeased its congregation.[3] It was destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666.

History[edit]

The church of St Ann was built on part of the site of the monastery of the Dominicans or "Black Friars". The monastery was dissolved by King Henry VIII,[4] and in 1550 the precinct was granted to Sir Thomas Cawarden, the Master of the Revels,[5] who largely demolished the buildings on the site.[4] During the reign of Queen Mary I and King Philip, Cawarden was required to provide a parish church for the residents of the precinct.[2] The interior of the old church having been converted into tennis courts,[4] Cawarden allowed them what John Stow described as "a lodging chamber above a stair".[6] This building fell down in 1597, and the parishioners purchased an additional piece of ground to the west from Sir George Moore, and rebuilt the church on a larger scale.[4] A warehouse was constructed beneath the new part of the church, at the cost of the parishioners, for the use of Sir Jerome Bowes, who held the land under lease.The rebuilt church was consecrated on 11 December 1597 and named "The Church or Chapel of St. Ann, within the Precinct of Blackfriars".[2]

In 1613 a further piece of ground was purchased. An aisle was added, and a burial vault constructed underneath; the additions being consecrated on 29 July 1617. In 1642, the building was repaired at a cost of £500.[4]

St Ann's became a Puritan stronghold;[7] for 46 years the minister was William Gouge, who died in 1653, and was buried in the church.[4]

The church was destroyed in the Great Fire of London of 1666. It was not rebuilt; instead its parish was united with that of St. Andrew-by-the-Wardrobe. The site of the church was retained for burials,[2] and the church's existing burial ground, on land once occupied by part of the nave of the friary church, also continued in use. This latter site is known as Church Entry. The two graveyards were closed to burials in 1849, and both are now public gardens.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "St Ann Blackfriars Burial Grounds: Church Entry and Ireland Yard". London Gardens Online. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Newcourt, Ric. (1708). Repetorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense 1. London. p. 279. 
  3. ^ Guildhall Library (London, England) (1990). A Handlist of Parish Registers, Register Transcripts, and Related Records at Guildhall Library: City of London (6th ed.). ISBN 978-0-900422-30-0. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f White, J.G. (1901). The Churches and Chapels of Old London. pp. 29–30. 
  5. ^ "CAWARDEN, Thomas (by 1514-59)". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Stow, John (1956) [based on the 1603 revision, not published until 1842]. Survey of London. Everyman's Library. London: Dent. p. 305. 
  7. ^ Borer, M. I. C (1978). The City of London - a history. New York: McKay Co. ISBN 0-09-461880-1. 

Coordinates: 51°30′4″N 0°6′7″W / 51.50111°N 0.10194°W / 51.50111; -0.10194