St Stephen's House, Oxford

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St Stephen's House
Oxford
St Stephen's House Main Quad.jpg
The main quad photographed from inside the west cloister, looking towards the King Building
St Stephen's House CollegeShield.png
St Stephen's House College Shield
Arms: Per chevron Gules and Sable in chief two Cross crosslets and in base a Celestial Crown Or.[1]
Location16 Marston Street, Oxford
MottoVideo caelos apertos[1] (Latin)
Established1876
Named forSaint Stephen
PrincipalRobin Ward
Undergraduates4
Postgraduates60
Websitewww.ssho.ox.ac.uk

St Stephen's House is an Anglican theological college and one of six Permanent Private Halls of the University of Oxford, England.[2]

The college has a very small proportion of undergraduate students (just 4 in the academic year 2019–2020), but has graduate students in a number of fields including theology,[2] Byzantine studies,[2] education,[3] and music.[3] At any time, roughly one quarter of the students are pursuing professional training as classroom teachers, and another quarter professional theological and ministerial training as priests, with the other half following a diverse range of studies and research.[3]

History[edit]

St Stephen's House (Benson building) from Marston Street

St Stephen's House was founded in 1876 by members of the Oxford Movement within the Church of England, and was originally located in the very centre of Oxford, on what is today the site of the New Bodleian Library.[4] Its principal founder was Edward King, Regius Professor of Moral and Pastoral Theology at Oxford and later Bishop of Lincoln.[4]

In 1919 the college relocated to new buildings in Norham Gardens, near to the University Parks and Lady Margaret Hall. The college moved again in 1980, having outgrown its earlier buildings, and now occupies the former Anglican Monastery of the Society of St. John the Evangelist (Cowley Fathers).[4]

The college was an "Associated Institution" of the University of Oxford, able to matriculate students in the fields of theology and philosophy, until 2003, when it became a permanent private hall of the university.[2]

Buildings[edit]

The College is located in east Oxford, between the Iffley and Cowley Roads (to west and east) and James Street and Marston Street (to north and south), with entrances onto all these roads.[citation needed] Although there are some modern buildings, notably the Moberly Close residential accommodation building,[2] most of the College buildings are older, and have listed status.

Grade I listing applies to the Church of St John the Evangelist, which is the principal college chapel, and an arts centre, as well as housing some teaching and research facilities in its sacristies and song school.[5] Constructed in 1894–1896 to a design by George Frederick Bodley (1827–1907), it has held grade I listing since 1968.[5] The castellated west tower was added in 1902.[6] The east, west, and north-east windows contain stained glass designed by C. E. Kempe (1837–1907) and made in about 1900.[7] The Church also contains painted Stations of the Cross by the late Pre-Raphaelite artist, Edward Arthur Fellowes Prynne, created for the Cowley Fathers between 1918 and 1921.[8]

Grade II listing was applied to the bulk of the college's other central buildings in 1992.[9] This listing includes the College's main cloister built in 1899 to a design by Bodley,[9] the three lesser cloisters, the Benson Building (residential and teaching accommodation built late nineteenth century, probably designed by Clapton Crabb Rolfe),[9] the King Building (residential, teaching, and administrative accommodation, including the college refectory, the library, and the common room, also designed by Bodley),[9] and the two smaller chapels – the Founders Chapel, and the Ninian Comper designed House Chapel.[9]

St John's Church (and sometimes also the college cloisters) has been since 2012 the performance and display venue for SJE Arts Oxford,[10] a society promoting performing arts and music, and which organises an annual summer choral festival at the college site.

The Song School, once the music department of SSJE, and later the residence of the college's vice principal, has since 2008 housed the Centre for Muslim-Christian Studies, Oxford, an independent body whose senior teaching and research staff are mostly current or former members of the Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Oxford.[11]

Arms[edit]

The current arms of the college Per chevron Gules and Sable in chief two Cross crosslets and in base a Celestial Crown Or were granted by the College of Arms in 2020.[1] Prior to this the college used the assumed arms Gules a Celestial Crown between three Bezants two and one Or, on a chief Sable an Apostolic Eagle between two Crosses crosslet Or.[12]

Principals and fellows[edit]

Principals[edit]

The Head of House is known as the "principal." To date, every person to have held the office has been an ordained Anglican priest.[citation needed]

Honorary research fellows[edit]

Notable honorary research fellows have included:[citation needed]

Alumni[edit]

Many former students, in the tradition of the college, go on to minister in urban priority areas and parishes which suffer poverty and deprivation. The following are amongst the notable former students:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "January 2021 Newsletter (No. 63)". College of Arms. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "St Stephen's House". University of Oxford. Retrieved 12 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ a b c "About". St Stephen's House. Retrieved 12 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ a b c "History". St Stephen's House. Retrieved 12 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ a b "Church of St John the Evangelist". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 13 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 340–341.
  7. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 341.
  8. ^ James, Serenhedd (July 2019). The Cowley Fathers: A History of the English Congregation of the Society of St John the Evangelist. Norwich: Canterbury Press. ISBN 9781786221834. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  9. ^ a b c d e "St Stephen House and Attached Cloisters". Historic England. Retrieved 13 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "About SJE Arts". Retrieved 4 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Our Location". The Centre for Muslim-Christian Studies, Oxford. Retrieved 13 March 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. ^ University of Oxford Calendar 2010–2011. Oxford University Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-958663-9.
  13. ^ Fr John Saward. Retrieved 2008-02-11

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°44′49″N 1°14′21″W / 51.74694°N 1.23917°W / 51.74694; -1.23917