Bishop of Chichester

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Bishop of Chichester
Bishopric
anglican
Arms displayed by Richard Poore, Bishop of Chichester, at the signing of Magna Charta.png
Arms of the Bishop of Chichester: Azure, Our Blessed Lord in judgement seated on His throne His right hand upraised or His left hand holding an open book proper and out of His mouth a two-edged sword point to the sinister gules[1])
Incumbent:
Martin Warner
Province Canterbury
Diocese Chichester
Cathedral Chichester Cathedral (since 1075)
Selsey Abbey (681–1075)
First incumbent Wilfrid (as Bishop of Selsey)
Stigand (as Bishop of Chichester)
Formation 681 (founded at Selsey)
1075 (translated to Chichester)

The Bishop of Chichester is the ordinary of the Church of England Diocese of Chichester in the Province of Canterbury. The diocese covers the counties of East and West Sussex. The see is based in the City of Chichester where the bishop's seat is located at the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity. On 3 May 2012 the appointment was announced of Martin Warner, Bishop of Whitby, as the next Bishop of Chichester.[2] His enthronement took place on 25 November 2012 in Chichester Cathedral.

The bishop's residence is The Palace, Chichester.

Since 2015, Warner has also fulfilled the diocesan-wide role of alternative episcopal oversight, following the decision by Mark Sowerby, Bishop of Horsham, to recognise the orders of priests and bishops who are women.

Earliest history at Selsey[edit]

The episcopal see at Selsey was founded by Saint Wilfrid, formerly Bishop of the Northumbrians, for the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Sussex in the late 7th century. He was granted land by Æthelwealh of Sussex to build a cathedral at Selsey. However, shortly afterwards Cædwalla of Wessex conquered the Kingdom of Sussex, but he confirmed the grant to Wilfrid. The bishop's seat was located at Selsey Abbey. Nine years after the Norman conquest, in 1075, the Council of London enacted that episcopal sees should be removed to cities or larger towns. Accordingly, the see at Selsey was removed to Chichester. Some sources claim that Stigand, the last Bishop of Selsey, continued to use the title Bishop of Selsey until 1082, before adopting the new title Bishop of Chichester, indicating that the transfer took several years to complete.[3]

England diocese map pre-925
850—925
England diocese map post 950
950—1035
The dioceses of Anglo-Saxon England 850—1035

List of bishops[edit]

Bishops of Selsey
From Until Incumbent Notes
 ? 681  ? 685 Saint Wilfrid Founder of the see; status as bishop of this see disputed; previously ejected from York; later Bishop of Leicester then of Hexham.
c. 685 c. 706 See absorbed by Winchester diocese, after Wessex conquered Sussex under Cædwalla.
 ? betw. 706–716 betw. 716–731 Eadberht Also recorded as Eadbeorht, Eadbertus; previously Abbot of Selsey Abbey; often deemed first bishop of this see; died in office.
betw. 716–731 betw. 716–731 Eolla Died in office.
betw. 716–731 733 See vacant
733 betw. 747–765 Sigeferth Also recorded as Sigelmus, Sigfridus, Sigga, Siggca, Sicgga ; died in office.
betw. 747–765 betw. 772–780 Aluberht Also recorded as Ealabeorht, Alubrithus, Alubertus; died in office.
betw. 747–765 betw. 772–780 Oswald Also recorded as Osweald, Osa; died in office.
betw. 772–780 betw. 781–787 Gislhere Also recorded as Giselherus; died in office.
betw. 781–787 betw. 786–789 Tota Died in office.
betw. 787–789 betw. 805–811 Wihthun Died in office.
betw. 805–811 betw. 816–824 Æthelwulf Also recorded as Ethelulphus; died in office.
betw. 816–824 betw. 839–845 Cynered Also recorded as Coenred, Coenredus; died in office.
betw. 839–845 aft. 860 Guthheard Also recorded as Guthard, Guðheard; left office.
aft. 860 bef. 900 See possibly vacant
bef. 900 c. 909, or betw. 909–925 Wighelm Died in office.
c. 909, or betw. 909–925 930 or 931 Beornheah Also recorded as Beornegus; died in office; in Heylyn is placed between Ethelulphus and Coenredus.[4]
930 or 931 betw. 940–943 Wulfhun Omitted in Heylyn;[4] died in office.
betw. 940–943 betw. 953–956 Ælfred Also recorded as Alfredus; died in office.
betw. 953–956 betw. 956–963 Brihthelm Sometimes identified with Beorhthelm of Winchester; either died in office or translated to Winchester.
betw. 956–963 979 or 980 Eadhelm Died in office.
980 988 Æthelgar Translated to Canterbury.
betw. 988–990 betw. 1007–1009 Ordbriht Died in office.
betw. 1007–1011 1031 or 1032 Ælfmær Died in office.
1032 or 1033 1038 Æthelric (I) Died in office.
1039 1047 Grimketel Also recorded as Grimcytel; died in office.
1047 1057 Heca Died in office.
1058 1070 Æthelric (II) Also recorded as Ethelric; deposed and imprisoned by William the Conqueror.
1070 c. 1075 Stigand See moved to Chichester by decree of the Council of London (1075), Stigand was the last Bishop of Selsey and first Bishop of Chichester.
Pre-Reformation Bishops of Chichester
From Until Incumbent Notes
c. 1075 1087 Stigand of Selsey Hitherto Bishop of Selsey; died in office.
1088 1088 Godfrey Some sources cite William as bishop.[5] Godfrey; died in office.
1091 1123 Ralph de Luffa Radulphus; died in office.
1125 1145 Seffrid (I) Seffridus Pelochin; also Abbot of Glastonbury; deprived.
1147 1169 Hilary Date of consecration sometimes given as 1133; previously unsuccessfully nominated for York; died in office.
1169 1173 See vacant
1173 1180 John of Greenford John de Greenford; previously Dean of Chichester; died in office.
1180 1204 Seffrid (II) Seffridus; died in office.
1204 1207 Simon of Wells Simon Sutwell, Simon FitzRobert, Simon de Camera; died in office.
1209 1214 Nicholas de Aquila Gilbert de l'Aigle; Dean of Chichester; election quashed.
1215 1217 Richard Poore Previously Dean of Salisbury; translated to Salisbury then Durham.
1217 1222 Ranulf of Wareham Ralph de Warham; previously Prior of Norwich; died in office.
1224 1244 Ralph Neville Also Lord Chancellor; elected to Canterbury but rejected by Pope Innocent IV; also unsuccessfully elected to Winchester; died in office.
1244 Robert Passelewe Archdeacon of Lewes; Henry III's favoured candidate; election declared void by Pope Innocent IV.
1244 1253 Saint Richard Richard de Wych; Archbishop Boniface's favoured candidate; election confirmed by Pope Innocent IV; died in office.
1253 1262 John Climping John of Arundel; previously Chancellor of Chichester; died in office.
1262 1287 Stephen Bersted Stephen of Pagham; died in office.
1288 1305 Gilbert of St Leonard Gilbert de Sancto Leofardo; previously Treasurer of Chichester; died in office.
1305 1337 John Langton Also Lord Chancellor; previous election to Ely quashed; died in office.
1337 1362 Robert de Stratford Previously Archdeacon of Canterbury; also Lord Chancellor and Chancellor of Oxford; died in office.
1362 1368 William Lenn William Lullimore; previously Dean of Chichester; translated to Worcester.
1369 1385 William Reade Previously Archdeacon of Rochester; died in office.
1386 1389 Thomas Rushhook Thomas Rushocke; translated from Llandaff; exiled to Breifne.
1390 1395 Richard Mitford Previously unsuccessfully elected to St David's; also Lord Treasurer of Ireland; translated to Salisbury.
1395 1396 Robert Waldby Translated from Dublin; translated to York.
1396 1415 Robert Reed Translated from Carlisle; died in office.
1417 Stephen Patrington Translated from St David's; died immediately after appointment.
1418 1420 Henry Ware Previously official to the Archbishop of Canterbury; died in office.
1421 1421 John Kemp Translated from Rochester; translated to London.
1421 1426 Thomas Polton Thomas Pulton; translated from Hereford; translated to Worcester.
1426 1429 John Rickingale Chancellor of York; died in office.
1429 Thomas Brunce Thomas Brouns; election quashed; later Bishop of Rochester then of Norwich.
1430 1438 Simon Sydenham Simon Sidenham; died in office.
1438 1445 Richard Praty Richard Pratty; also Chancellor of Oxford.
1446 1450 Adam Moleyns Adam Molins; previously Dean of Salisbury; also Lord Privy Seal; died in office.
1450 1459 Reginald Pecock Reginald Peacock; translated from St Asaph; deprived for heresy.
1459 1477 John Arundel Previously Archdeacon of Richmond.
1478 1503 Edward Story Translated from Carlisle.
1503 1506 Richard FitzJames Translated from Rochester; translated to London.
1508 1536 Robert Sherborne Robert Sherburne; translated from St David's; resigned shortly before his death.
Bishops of Chichester during the Reformation
From Until Incumbent Notes
1536 1543 Richard Sampson Previously Dean of Lichfield; also Dean of St Paul's; translated to Lichfield & Coventry.
1543 1551 George Day Provost of King's College, Cambridge; deprived by Edward VI.
1552 1553 John Scory Translated from Rochester; deprived by Mary I; later Bishop of Hereford.
1553 1556 George Day (again) Restored by Mary I; died in office.
1557 1558 John Christopherson Previously Dean of Norwich; died in office.
Post-Reformation Bishops of Chichester
From Until Incumbent Notes
1559 1568 William Barlow Marian exile; had resigned Bath and Wells (being married); died in office.
1570 1582 Richard Curteys Richard Curtis; died in office.
1582 1586 See vacant
1586 1596 Thomas Bickley Previously Warden of Merton College, Oxford.
1596 1605 Anthony Watson Previously Lord High Almoner; also Dean of Bristol 1590–1598; died in office.
1605 1609 Lancelot Andrewes Previously Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge; translated to Ely then Winchester.
1609 1619 Samuel Harsnett Previously Archdeacon of Essex; translated to Norwich then York.
1619 1628 George Carleton Translated from Llandaff; died in office.
1628 1638 Richard Montagu Previously Archdeacon of Hereford; translated to Norwich.
1638 1641 Brian Duppa Previously Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; translated to Salisbury.
1642 1646 Henry King Previously Dean of Rochester; deprived of the see when the English episcopy was abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646.
1646 1660 The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and the Protectorate.[6][7]
1660 1669 Henry King (again) Reinstated on the restoration of the episcopacy; died in office.
1670 1675 Peter Gunning Previously Master of St John's College, Cambridge; also Regius Professor of Divinity 1661–1674; translated to Ely.
1675 1678 Ralph Brideoake Previously Dean of Salisbury; died in office.
1679 1685 Guy Carleton Translated from Bristol; died in office.
1685 1689 John Lake Translated from Bristol; deprived as a non-juror.
1689 1691 Simon Patrick Previously Dean of Peterborough; translated to Ely.
1691 1696 Robert Grove Previously Archdeacon of Middlesex; died in office.
1696 1709 John Williams Died in office.
1709 1722 Thomas Manningham Previously Dean of Windsor; died in office.
1722 1724 Thomas Bowers Also Archdeacon of Canterbury since 1721.
1724 1731 Edward Waddington Died in office.
1731 1740 Francis Hare Translated from St Asaph.
1740 1754 Matthias Mawson Translated from Llandaff; translated to Ely.
1754 1797 William Ashburnham Previously Dean of Chichester.
1798 1824 John Buckner Sometime Rector of St Giles, London; died in office.
1824 1831 Robert Carr Previously Dean of Hereford; translated to Worcester.
1831 1836 Edward Maltby Translated to Durham.
1836 1840 William Otter Previously Principal of King's College, London; died in office.
1840 1842 Philip Shuttleworth Previously Warden of New College, Oxford; died in office.
1842 1870 Ashurst Gilbert Previously Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford; died in office.
1870 1895 Richard Durnford Previously Archdeacon of Manchester; died in office.
1896 1907 Ernest Wilberforce Translated from Newcastle; died in office.
1908 1919 Charles Ridgeway Previously Dean of Carlisle.
1919 1929 Winfrid Burrows Translated from Truro; died in office.
1929 1958 George Bell Previously Dean of Canterbury; died in office.
1958 1974 Roger Wilson Translated from Wakefield; retired.
1974 2001 Eric Kemp Previously Dean of Worcester; retired and became "Bishop Emeritus of Chichester".
2001 2012 John Hind Translated from Europe; retired.
2012 present Martin Warner Translated from Whitby.
Source(s):[3][4][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.248, with capitalisation as shown there; here shown apparently incorrectly holding an orb not a book
  2. ^ "10 Downing Street — Queen approves Martin Clive Warner for election as Bishop of Chichester". number10.gov.uk (10 Downing Street). Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Dallaway.History of the Western Division of the county of Sussex, Volume 1 p. 25 accessed 18 June 2016
  4. ^ a b c Heylyn, Peter (1773). A Help to English History. London: Paul Wright. pp. 54–55. Heylyn also cites Headda (686) and Daniel (705) as successors to Wilfrid. 
  5. ^ Barlow, Frank (1979). The English Church 1066–1154. London: Longman. p. 66. ISBN 0-582-50236-5. 
  6. ^ Episcopy. British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638–60. Retrieved on 20 August 2011.
  7. ^ King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642–1649". The English Historical Review (Oxford University Press) 83 (328): 523–537. doi:10.1093/ehr/lxxxiii.cccxxviii.523. JSTOR 564164. 
  8. ^ "Historical successions: Chichester (including precussor offices)". Crockford's Clerical Directory. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  9. ^ Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 221, 238, and 272. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  10. ^ Kelly, S. E, ed. (1998). "Charters of Selsey". Anglo-Saxon Charters: Volume 6. Trinity College, Cambridge. Retrieved 21 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238–241. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
  12. ^ Greenway, D. E. (1996). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 5: Chichester. British History Online. pp. 1–6. 
  13. ^ Horn, J. M. (1964). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541: Volume 7: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–4. 
  14. ^ Horn, J. M. (1971). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857: Volume 2: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–6. 

Sources[edit]

  • Heylyn, Peter (1773). A Help to English History...etc.. London: Paul Wright. 
  • Kelly, S. E. 1998. Charters of Selsey. Anglo-Saxon Charters 6.