Surathkal Railway Station
|Elevation||24 m (79 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Surathkal is a suburb of Mangalore city located on National highway 17 (now renumbered as NH-66) in the Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka state, India on the shore of Arabian sea. It is a municipality merged with Mangalore City Corporation. It lies between Gurupura ( Phalguni ) and Pavanje ( Nandini ) rivers. It can be considered as north most area of Mangalore city Corporation geographical limits. The Suratkal is 6 kilometre north of New Mangalore sea port.
According to legend, the name Surathkal is derived from "shiratakal" meaning "headstone" in Tulu. The famous Sadashiva temple on the shores of Arabian Sea ( Lakshadweepa samudra )is said to be built around the linga that a Rakshasa by name Kharasura carried on his head. Another legend is that When Ravana threw in fit of rage the atma shivalinga some of the pieces from shivalinga were fallen at place where Sadashiva temple is at present. Noted historian Padoor Gururaj Bhat is of opinion the temple might have been constructed around 11 C.E. ( 11 A.D ).
Surathkal was once a Grama panchayat, then town panchayat, municipality now merged with Mangalore City Corporation.Surathkal was once a constituency of Karnataka Legislative assembly. Now it has been renamed as Mangalore North after change in its geographical limits. The Suratkal legislative assembly constituency was part of Udupi Loksabha constituency till 2009.
Surathkal is home to one of India's premier technical institutes - The National Institute of Technology Karnataka (NITK), formerly known as Karnataka Regional Engineering College (KREC). Surathkal also houses Vidyadayanee High School and Govindadasa College run by Hindu Vidyadayanee Sangha, Surathkal. Other notable Educational institutes include Sri Mahalingeshwara English medium school and Holy Family School.
Surathkal town can be easily accessed by various bus services from Mangalore City by both city buses and the Mangalore-Udupi Express buses.The nearest airport is Mangalore (Bajpe), 15 kilometres from Surathkal that connects Mangalore with major cities in southern and western India as well as many major cities in the Middle East specially, Dubai, Bahrain, Muscat and Abu dhabi.Surathkal Railway Station, which is located 3 kms away from the National Institute of Technology, falls on the famed Konkan railway route on which Rajdhani, Toranto, and other express trains ply regularly from Mangalore to New Delhi. It takes just 15 hours of happy journey from Surathkal to Mumbai by train. The Mangalore Sea Port is situated 6 kms away from this town on the Arabian Sea and primarily used for importing and exporting goods all over the world.
Places Of Interest
Shri Sadashiva Mahaganapati Temple.
Iddya Shri Mahalingeshwara Temple.
Surathkal is located at 12°58'60 N 74° 46' 60E. The maximum and minimum temperature in a year varies between 37 °C and 21 °C.
Some of the major industries in and around Surathkal are MRPL, BASF and MCF.The Baikampady Industrial Estate is located at around 6 kilometres from Surathkal and houses many small and medium-sized industries. The raw materials to these industries are imported through the Mangalore port and goods produced here are exported to several places in India and abroad through this port.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Surathkal.|
- "Surathkal Beach". http://www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- "Surathkal Beach – Stretch Your Legs in Surathkal!". http://www.karnataka.com. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Surathkal