Karnataka Legislative Assembly
|Karnataka Legislative Assembly
ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ವಿಧಾನ ಸಭೆ
Shivashankara Reddy N.H, INC
Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
|Seats||225 (224 elected and 1 nominated)|
Karnataka Makkala Paksha(1)
Sarvodaya Karnataka Paksha(1)
|5 May 2013|
|Legislative Assembly Chamber at the Vidhana Soudha|
|The Council was established in 1881 for the Princely State of Mysore. The Princely state was merged with the Union of India and became Mysore State in 1950; Mysore State was re-organized to its current territorial state in 1956 and renamed as Karnataka on 1 November 1973|
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral legislature of Karnataka state in southern India. Karnataka is one of the six states in India, where the state legislature is bicameral, comprising two houses. The two houses are the Vidhana Sabha (lower house) and the Vidhana Parishat (upper house).
The members of the Vidhana Sabha are directly elected by people through adult franchise. The members of the Vidhana Parishat are elected indirectly by members of local bodies, teachers and graduates.
There are 75 members of the Vidhana Parishat. Members of the Vidhana Parishat or Legislative Council normally have a term of six years, and are generally known as MLCs.
There are 224 members of the Vidhana Sabha or the Legislative Assembly of Karnataka state. One member is a representative of the Anglo-Indian community nominated by the Governor of Karnataka. The state of Karnataka is divided into 225 constituencies used to elect the Legislative assembly.
Each constituency elects one member of the assembly. Members are popularly known as M.L.A's. The assembly is elected using the simple plurality or "first past the post" electoral system. The elections are conducted by the Election Commission of India.
The normal term of the members lasts for five years. In case of death, resignation or disqualification of a member, a by-election is conducted for constituency represented by the member. The party which wins the most seats becomes the ruling party.
After the 2013 Elections, Indian National Congress (INC) gained majority on its own with 122/224 MLAs. On 10 May 2013, K. Siddaramaiah was chosen as Chief Minister and CLP leader by the MLAs. He-sworn in on 13 May 2013.
List of Assemblies
|First Assembly||18 June 1952 - 31 March 1957||K. C. Reddy, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Kadidal Manjappa, S. Nijalingappa|
|Second Assembly||10 June 1957 - 1 March 1962||S. Nijalingappa, B.D. Jatti|
|Third Assembly||15 March 1962 - 28 February 1967||S.R. Kanthi, S. Nijalingappa|
|Fourth Assembly||15 March 1967 - 14 April 1971||S. Nijalingappa, Veerendra Patil|
|Fifth Assembly||24 March 1972 - 31 December 1977 (Dissolved)||D. Devaraj Urs|
|Sixth Assembly||17 March 1978 - 8 June 1983 (Dissolved)||D. Devaraj Urs, R. Gundu Rao|
|Seventh Assembly||24 July 1983 - 2 January 1985 (Dissolved)||Ramakrishna Hegde|
|Eighth Assembly||18 March 1985 - 21 April 1989 (Dissolved)||Ramakrishna Hegde, S. R. Bommai|
|Ninth Assembly||18 December 1989 - 20 September 1994 (Dissolved)||Veerendra Patil, S.Bangarappa, M. Veerappa Moily|
|Tenth Assembly||25 December 1994 – 22 July 1999 (Dissolved)||H.D. Deve Gowda, J. H. Patel|
|Eleventh Assembly||25 October 1999 - 28 May 2004||S. M. Krishna|
|Twelfth Assembly||28 May 2004 - 19 November 2007 (Dissolved)||Dharam Singh, H. D. Kumaraswamy, B. S. Yeddyurappa|
|Thirteenth Assembly||30 May 2008 - 5 May 2013||B. S. Yeddyurappa, D.V. Sadananda Gowda, Jagadish Shettar|
|Fourteenth Assembly||13 May 2013 -||K. Siddaramaiah|
President's rule in the state
|19.03.1971 to 20.03.1972||Fourth Assembly|
|31.12.1977 to 28.02.1978||Fifth Assembly|
|21.04.1989 to 30.11.1989||Eighth Assembly|
|09.10.2007 to 11.11.2007||Ninth Assembly|
|20.11.2007 to 29.05.2008||Twelfth Assembly|
At 11:00am on 18 June 1952, Wednesday, the first session of the legislative assembly was held at the old public office building conference hall (the present high court building) in Bangalore.
On December 16, 1949 the maharaja of Mysore dissolved the representative assembly and the legislative assembly. The constituent assembly which was constituted in 1947 became the provisional assembly of Mysore until the elections were held in 1952.
The first assembly formed under the Constitution had 99 elected and one nominated member. In the first sitting of the assembly, V.Venkatappa was the honorary speaker who administered oath to the members including the then Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthaiah. He conducted election to the post of speaker, which was contested by socialist leader Shantaveri Gopalagowda, and H.Siddaiah, where H.Siddaiah secured 74 votes and emerged victorious and the first CM of Karnataka state Kengal Hanumanthaiah delivered the speech.
With the formation of Andhra state in 1953, parts of Bellary district from Madras State were added to Mysore state and the strength of the Assembly increased to five members. After the re- organisation of state of Mysore came into being on November 1, 1956 with four districts from the former Bombay state, three districts of Hyderabad state, a district and a taluk of the old Madras state of Coorg and the princely state of Mysore.The state was renamed as Karnataka in 1973.
The first sitting of the new assembly was held on December 19, 1956 in the newly built Vidhana Soudha. The strength of the assembly, which was 208 in 1957 increased to 216 in 1967 and to 224 plus a nominated member in 1978.
The lone women Speaker of Karnataka assembly was K.S. Nagaratnamma from March 24, 1972 to March 3, 1978
Legislature sessions was held twice outside Bangalore in Belgaum --- September 25 to 29, 2006 and from January 16 to 24 in 2009
List of Speakers
|2||H. Siddaiah||INC||18.06.1952 to 14.05.1954|
|3||H. S. Rudrappa||INC||13.10.1954 to 01.11.1956|
|4||S. R. Kanti||INC||19.12.1956 to 09.03.1962|
|5||B. Vaikunta Baliga||INC||15.03.1962 to 06.06.1968|
|6||S. D. Kotavale||INC||05.09.1968 to 24.03.1972|
|7||K. S. Nagarathnamma||INC||24.03.1972 to 17.03.1978|
|8||P. Venkataramana||INC||17.03.1978 to 03.10.1980|
|9||K. H. Ranganath||INC||30.01.1981 to 24.01.1983|
|10||D. B. Chandre Gowda||Janata Party||24.01.1983 to 17.03.1985|
|11||B. G. Banakar||Janata Party||18.03.1985 to 17.12.1989|
|12||S. M. Krishna||INC||18.12.1989 to 20.01.1993|
|13||V. S. Koujalagi||INC||15.02.1993 to 26.12.1994|
|14||Ramesh Kumar||Janata Dal||27.12.1994 to 24.10.1999|
|15||M. V. Venkatappa||INC||26.10.1999 to 07.06.2004|
|16||N. Krishna||JD(S)||10.06.2004 to 04.06.2008|
|17||Jagadish Shettar||BJP||05.06.2008 to 16.11.2009|
|18||K. G. Bopaiah||BJP||17.11.2009 to May 2013|
|19||Kagodu Thimmappa||INC||31 May 2013 - Incumbent|
Current Cabinet (2013-present)
As of 24 July 2013, the government of Karnataka consists of 30 ministers.
|1||K. Siddaramaiah (Chief Minister)||
|2||R. V. Deshapande||
|3||Qamar ul Islam||
Forest, Ecology and Environment Department.
|6||H. K. Patil||
Rural Development and Panchayat Raj Development.
|9||V. Shrinivasa Prasad||
Revenue Department excluding Muzrai.
|10||H. C. Mahadevappa||
Public Works, Ports and Inland Transport Department excluding Ports and Inland Transport.
|11||K. J. George||
Home Department excluding Intelligence Wing.
|12||H. S. Mahadeva Prasad||
Co-operation Department excluding Agriculture Marketing.
|14||Prakash Babanna Hukkeri||
|15||Vinay Kumar Sorake||
Urban Development Department - City Corporations excluding BBMP, KUWS&DB, KUIDFC, Directorate of Town Planning, Directorate of Land Transport, Urban Development Authorities excluding subjects pertaining to Bangalore city and also excluding CMCs, TMCs, TPs and Local Bodies.
|16||M. B. Patil||
Major and Medium Irrigation from Water Resources Department.
|17||Satish Laxmanarao Jarkiholi||
Excise from Finance Department.
|18||U. T. Khader||
Health and Family Welfare excluding Medical Education.
|20||Shivaraj Sangappa Tangadagi||
Minor Irrigation from Water Resource Department.
|22||S. R. Patil||
|Ministers of State (Independent Charge)|
|24||Dinesh Gundu Rao||
Food and Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Department.
|25||Krishna Byre Gowda||
|26||Sharanaprakash Rudrappa Patil||
Medical Education from Health and Family Welfare Department.
|27||R. Roshan Baig||
Education Department excluding Higher Education.
|29||S M T Umashree||
|30||P.T. Parameshwara Naik||
Current party composition
List of current members (As on June 2013)
- Vidhana Souda
- Government of Karnataka
- List of Speakers of the Karnataka Legislature
- List of Chief Ministers of Karnataka
- Karnataka Legislative Council
- List of elected members of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly
- "Bangalore: Independent MLA comes into Congress fold". Daijiworld Media Network. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karnataka Legislative Assembly.|
- Official Website
- An Analysis of Karnataka's Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council
- Karnataka Assembly Elections 2008