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TJX Companies

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The TJX Companies, Inc.
FormerlyZayre Corp.
Company typePublic
Founded1987; 37 years ago (1987)
FounderBernard Cammarata
HeadquartersFramingham, Massachusetts, U.S.
Number of locations
4,557[1] (August 1, 2020)
Area served
  • United States
  • Canada
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Ireland
  • Germany
  • Netherlands
  • Poland
  • United Kingdom
Key people
Carol Meyrowitz
(Executive Chairman)
Ernie Herrman
(President, CEO)
Scott Goldenberg (CFO)
Raina Avalon (CLO)
Mark Beyerly (CIO)
  • Clothing
  • footwear
  • bedding
  • food
  • furniture
  • jewelry
  • beauty products
  • housewares
RevenueIncrease US$38.937 billion (2018)
Increase US$4.17 billion (2018)
Increase US$3.06 billion (2018)
Total assetsIncrease US$14.326 billion (2018)
Total equityDecrease US$5.05 billion (2018)
Number of employees
270,000 (2018)
  • TJX Canada (Marshalls, Winners, HomeSense)
  • TJX International (TK Maxx, HomeSense)

Footnotes / references

The TJX Companies, Inc. (abbreviated TJX) is an American multinational off-price department store corporation, headquartered in Framingham, Massachusetts.[7] It was formed as a subsidiary of Zayre Corp. in 1987, and became the legal successor to Zayre Corp. following a company reorganization in 1989.

As of 2019, TJX operates TJ Maxx (in the United States) and TK Maxx (in Australia and Europe), its flagship store chains, along with Marshalls, HomeGoods, HomeSense, and Sierra in the United States, and HomeSense, Marshalls, and Winners in Canada. There are over 4,557 discount stores in the TJX portfolio located in nine countries.[8] TJX ranked No. 97 in the 2021 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.[9]



In 1977, the first TJ Maxx store opened in Auburn, Massachusetts as part of the discount department store chain Zayre. In June 1987, Zayre established The TJX Companies as a subsidiary. In the first half of 1988, Zayre stores had operating losses of $69 million on sales of $1.4 billion. Observers blamed technological inferiority, poor maintenance, inappropriate pricing, and inventory pileups, and Zayre appeared ripe for takeover. Throughout all this, however, The TJX Companies subsidiary continued to yield a profit. In October 1988, Zayre Corp. decided to focus its energies on TJX. It sold the entire chain of nearly 400 Zayre stores to Ames Department Stores Inc. In exchange, the company received $431.4 million in cash, a receivable note, and what was then valued at $140 million of Ames cumulative senior convertible preferred stock.[10]

The company continued focus on its core business, selling unrelated operations including BJ's Wholesale Club and Home Club, leaving it with just one brand, T.J. Maxx.[11] In June 1989, Zayre Corp. acquired the outstanding minority interest in TJX and merged with the subsidiary, changing its name from Zayre Corp. to The TJX Companies, Inc. in the process. The newly named company began trading on the New York Stock Exchange.


In 1990, TJX expanded into an additional store brand division, and at the same time it first went international, as it entered the Canadian market by acquiring the five-store Winners chain.[11] Two years later, it launched its third brand, HomeGoods, in the United States.[11] TJX's expansion beyond North America came in 1994, when the fourth brand division, T.K. Maxx, was founded in the United Kingdom, and then expanded into Ireland.[11] In 1995, TJX doubled in size when it acquired Marshalls, its fifth brand. T.J. Maxx and Marshalls later became consolidated as two brands under a single division, The Marmaxx Group.[11][12] The following year, TJX Companies Inc. was added to the Standard & Poor's S&P 500 Composite Index, which consists of 500 of the largest companies in the United States.[13] TJX sold Hit or Miss, a discount mall based clothing store in 1995 as well through an employee leveraged buyout.[14]

Marshalls, HomeGoods, and T.J. Maxx co-located at a building in Boston's Downtown Crossing (2020).

TJX launched a sixth brand, A.J. Wright, in 1998 in the eastern U.S. The brand went national in 2004 when it opened its first stores in California on the west coast.[11] The company's seventh brand division, HomeSense, formed in 2001, was a Canadian brand modeled after the existing US brand, HomeGoods.[11]

In 2002, TJX revenue reached almost $12 billion.[11] In mid-2003, TJX acquired an eighth brand division, Bob's Stores, concentrated in New England. In Canada, TJX began to configure some Winners and HomeSense stores side by side as superstores. The superstores feature open passageways between them, with dual branding. TJX's revenue in 2003 reached over $13 billion.[11] TJX began to test the side-by-side superstore model in the United States in 2004, combining some of each of the two Marmaxx brand stores with HomeGoods. The company reached 141st position in the 2004 Fortune 500 rankings, with almost $15 billion in revenue. That year was also marked by the death of retired Zayre founder Stanley Feldberg.[11]

In April 2008, TJX launched the HomeSense brand in the UK, with six stores opening throughout May. The brand is more upmarket than its Canadian namesake. Later that year, in August, TJX sold Bob's Stores to Versa Capital Management and Crystal Capital.[15]

In December 2010, TJX announced that the A.J. Wright stores would be closed, cutting about 4,400 jobs, and that more than half of them would reopen under other company brands.[16]

In December 2012, TJX acquired Sierra Trading Post, an off-price internet retailer of outdoor gear and apparel.[17] Since its acquisition, the retail chain has opened over 70 brick-and-mortar stores in the United States. The chain rebranded to Sierra in 2019. [18]

In July 2015, TJX acquired the Trade Secret and Home Secret off-price retail businesses from Australian company Gazal Corporation Limited. The deal was completed in December.[19] In October, Ernie Herrman was named CEO of the company, replacing Carol Meyrowitz.[20] He took over in January 2016.[20]

In November 2019, TJX purchased a 25% stake in Russian retailer Familia.[21]

COVID-19 impact[edit]

On August 19, 2020, TJX Companies continue to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic's effect on its business. The company announced that revenues dropped 31% over the months of May, June, and July, primarily due to extensive closures of the shop for around one-third of the period. TJX Companies reported a second-quarter loss of $214 million.[22]


Computer systems intrusion[edit]

On January 17, 2007, TJX announced that it was the victim of an unauthorized computer systems intrusion. It discovered in mid-December 2006 that its computer systems were compromised and customer data was stolen.[23] The hackers accessed a system that stores data on credit card, debit card, check, and merchandise return transactions.[24] The intrusion was kept confidential as requested by law enforcement. TJX said that it was working with General Dynamics, IBM and Deloitte to upgrade computer security.

By the end of March 2007, the number of affected customers had reached 45.7 million,[25] and prompted credit bureaus to seek legislation requiring retailers to be responsible for compromised customer information saved in their systems. In addition to credit card numbers, personal information such as social security numbers and driver's license numbers from 451,000 customers were downloaded by the intruders. The breach was possible due to a non-secure wireless network in one of the stores.[26] Eleven men were charged in the theft, and one (Damon Patrick Toey) pleaded guilty to numerous charges related to the breach.[27] Another, Jonathan James, professed his innocence and later committed suicide, apparently out of the belief that he was going to be indicted.[28] The alleged ringleader Albert Gonzalez, was later indicted in August 2009 with attacking Heartland Payment Systems, where 130 million records were compromised.[29]


Current brands[edit]

Brand Year founded Year acquired No. of locations Countries in operation[30]
Australia Austria Canada Germany Ireland Netherlands Poland UK US
HomeGoods 1992 818 No No No No No No No No Yes
HomeSense 2001 253 No No Yes No Yes No No Yes Yes
Marshalls 1956 1995 1,236 No No Yes No No No No No Yes
Sierra 1986 2012 101 No No No No No No No No Yes
TJ Maxx 1976 1,271 No No No No No No No No Yes
TK Maxx 1994 654 Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Winners 1982 1990 279 No No Yes No No No No No No


  • Marmaxx – TJ Maxx and Marshalls (US)
  • HomeGoods – HomeGoods and HomeSense (US)
  • TJX Canada – Winners, HomeSense (Canada), and Marshalls (Canada)
  • TJX International – TK Maxx (Europe & Australia) and HomeSense (UK and Ireland)

Former brands[edit]

Brand Year founded Year defunct Year acquired Year divested Notes
AJWright 1998 2011 Stores liquidated or converted to other TJX brands
BJ's Wholesale Club 1984 1989 BJ's and HomeClub spun off from TJX to form Waban
Bob's Stores 1954 2003 2008 Sold to Versa Capital Management and Crystal Capital
Home Club 1983 2002 1985 1989 BJ's and HomeClub spun off from TJX to form Waban
The Maxx 2006 2009
StyleSense 2008 2012
Trade Secret 1992 2017 2015 Stores converted to TK Maxx
Zayre 1956 1990 1988 Sold to Ames Department Stores, which facilitated the Waban spin-off and TJX reorganization


  1. ^ "Inline XBRL Viewer". www.sec.gov. Retrieved October 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Form 10-Q (Q3 2024) [1].
  3. ^ The Wall Street Journal, "TJX Chairman, Founder Bernard Cammarata to Retire".
  4. ^ Fortune 500, TJX.
  5. ^ Annual Report 2018 [2].
  6. ^ Form 10-Q (Q1 2019) [3].
  7. ^ "The TJX Companies, Inc. Announces CEO Succession Plans; Carol Meyrowitz to Be Named CEO" (Press release). TJX. Business Wire. September 7, 2006. Archived from the original on August 14, 2022. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  8. ^ "Carol Meyrowitz". Forbes. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  9. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2021: Who Made the List". Fortune. Archived from the original on November 10, 2018. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  10. ^ "The TJX Companies, Inc. History". FundingUniverse. Retrieved February 1, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j 2004 Annual Report
  12. ^ Gilpin, Kenneth N. (October 17, 1995). "TJX Will Buy Marshalls Chain From Melville". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  13. ^ Sam Stovall, Sector Investing, McGraw Hill, 1996, Appendix A, The S&P 500 Composite Index, ISBN 0-07-052239-1
  14. ^ "Hit or Miss Gets New Owner". January 6, 1999.
  15. ^ "TJX Sells Bob's Stores Chain To Versa Capital, Crystal Capital, Terms Undisclosed". Financial Wire. August 20, 2008. Archived from the original on October 22, 2008. Retrieved September 22, 2008.
  16. ^ "TJX Plans to Close A.J. Wright Stores, Cut 4,400 Jobs". Bloomberg.com. US Retail News. December 10, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "The TJX Companies, Inc. Acquires Off-Price Internet Retailer Sierra Trading Post". investor.tjx.com.
  18. ^ "TJX Rebranding Sierra Trading Post To Simply 'Sierra'". sgbonline.com. February 28, 2019.
  19. ^ "TJX acquires Australian retailer Trade Secret - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  20. ^ a b Convey, Eric (October 7, 2015). "Meet Ernie Herrman, the new CEO of T.J. Maxx-parent TJX Cos". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  21. ^ Carlock, Catherine (November 20, 2019). "TJX buys $225M stake in Russian discount retailer". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
  22. ^ Kalogeropoulos, Demitri (August 19, 2020). "TJX Companies Posts a $214 Million Second-Quarter Loss". The Motley Fool. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  23. ^ "THE TJX COMPANIES, INC. VICTIMIZED BY COMPUTER SYSTEMS INTRUSION; PROVIDES INFORMATION TO HELP PROTECT CUSTOMERS" (Press release). The TJX Companies, Inc. January 17, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
  24. ^ Lavoie, Denise (January 18, 2007). "Credit cos. watchful after TJX breach". Archived from the original on January 23, 2007. Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  25. ^ Largest Customer Info Breach Grows. MyFox Twin Cities, March 29, 2007.
  26. ^ Pereira, Joseph (May 4, 2007). "Breaking the code: How Credit-Card Data Went Out Wireless Door". Wall Street Journal.
  27. ^ Tomsho, Rob (September 12, 2008). "Hacker Pleads Guilty In TJX Security Breach". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
  28. ^ Poulsen, Kevin (July 9, 2009). "Former Teen Hacker's Suicide Linked to TJX Probe". Wired. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
  29. ^ "Hacker Charged With Heartland, Hannaford Breaches - wired.com - August 17, 2009". wired.com. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
  30. ^ Shaw, Hollie. "TJX to open Marshalls in Canada". Financial Post. Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2018.


External links[edit]