|Headquarters||Framingham, Massachusetts, U.S.|
Number of locations
|4,557 (August 1, 2020)|
Scott Goldenberg (CFO)
Raina Avalon (CLO)
Mark Beyerly (CIO)
|Revenue||US$38.937 billion (2018)|
|US$4.17 billion (2018)|
|US$3.06 billion (2018)|
|Total assets||US$14.326 billion (2018)|
|Total equity||US$5.05 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
|Footnotes / references|
The TJX Companies, Inc. (abbreviated TJX) is an American multinational off-price department store corporation, headquartered in Framingham, Massachusetts. It was formed as a subsidiary of Zayre Corp. in 1987, and became the legal successor to Zayre Corp. following a company reorganization in 1989.
As of 2019[update], TJX operates its flagship brand, TJ Maxx (in the United States) and TK Maxx (in Europe), Marshalls, HomeGoods, HomeSense, Sierra in the United States, and HomeSense, Marshalls, Winners in Canada. There are over 4,557 discount stores in the TJX portfolio located in nine countries. TJX ranked No. 85 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
The roots of The TJX Companies date back to 1977 when the first T.J. Maxx store opened in Auburn, Massachusetts as part of the discount department store chain Zayre. In June 1987, Zayre established The TJX companies as a subsidiary. In the first half of 1988, Zayre stores had operating losses of $69 million on sales of $1.4 billion. Observers blamed technological inferiority, poor maintenance, inappropriate pricing, and inventory pileups, and Zayre appeared ripe for takeover. Throughout all this, however, The TJX Companies subsidiary continued to yield a profit. In October 1988, Zayre Corp. decided to focus its energies on TJX. It sold the entire chain of nearly 400 Zayre stores to Ames Department Stores Inc. In exchange, the company received $431.4 million in cash, a receivable note, and what was then valued at $140 million of Ames cumulative senior convertible preferred stock.
The company continued focus on its core business, selling unrelated operations including BJ's Wholesale Club and Home Club, leaving it with just one brand, T.J. Maxx. In June 1989, Zayre Corp. acquired the outstanding minority interest in TJX and merged with the subsidiary, changing its name from Zayre Corp. to The TJX Companies, Inc. in the process. The newly named company began trading on the New York Stock Exchange.
In 1990, TJX expanded into an additional store brand division, and at the same time it first went international, as it entered the Canadian market by acquiring the five-store Winners chain. Two years later, it launched its third brand, HomeGoods, in the United States. TJX's expansion beyond North America came in 1994, when the fourth brand division, T.K. Maxx, was founded in the United Kingdom, and then expanded into Ireland. In 1995, TJX doubled in size when it acquired Marshalls, its fifth brand. T.J.Maxx and Marshalls later became consolidated as two brands under a single division, The Marmaxx Group. The following year, TJX Companies Inc. was added to the Standard & Poor's S&P 500 Composite Index, which consists of 500 of the largest companies in the United States. TJX sold Hit or Miss, a discount mall based clothing store in 1995 as well through an employee leveraged buyout.
TJX launched a sixth brand, A.J. Wright, in 1998 in the eastern U.S. The brand went national in 2004 when it opened its first stores in California on the west coast. The company's seventh brand division, HomeSense, formed in 2001, was a Canadian brand modeled after the existing US brand, HomeGoods.
In 2002, TJX revenue reached almost $12 billion. In mid-2003, TJX acquired an eighth brand division, Bob's Stores, concentrated in New England. In Canada, TJX began to configure some Winners and HomeSense stores side by side as superstores. The superstores feature open passageways between them, with dual branding. TJX's revenue in 2003 reached over $13 billion. TJX began to test the side-by-side superstore model in the United States in 2004, combining some of each of the two Marmaxx brand stores with HomeGoods. The company reached 141st position in the 2004 Fortune 500 rankings, with almost $15 billion in revenue. That year was also marked by the death of retired Zayre founder Stanley Feldberg.
In April 2008, TJX launched the HomeSense brand in the UK, with six stores opening throughout May. The brand is more upmarket than its Canadian namesake. Later that year, in August, TJX sold Bob's Stores to Versa Capital Management and Crystal Capital.
In December 2010, TJX announced that the A.J. Wright stores would be closed, cutting about 4,400 jobs, and that more than half of them would reopen under other company brands.
In July 2015, TJX acquired the Trade Secret and Home Secret off-price retail businesses from Australian company Gazal Corporation Limited. The deal was completed in December. In October, Ernie Herrman was named CEO of the company, replacing Carol Meyrowitz. He took over in January 2016.
In November 2019, TJX purchased a 25% stake in Russian retailer Familia.
On August 19, 2020, TJX Companies continue to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic's effect on its business. The company announced that revenues dropped 31% over the months of May, June, and July, primarily due to extensive closures of the shop for around one-third of the period. TJX Companies reported a second-quarter loss of $214 million.
Computer systems intrusion
On January 17, 2007, TJX announced that it was the victim of an unauthorized computer systems intrusion. It discovered in mid-December 2006 that its computer systems were compromised and customer data was stolen. The hackers accessed a system that stores data on credit card, debit card, check, and merchandise return transactions. The intrusion was kept confidential as requested by law enforcement. TJX said that it was working with General Dynamics, IBM and Deloitte to upgrade computer security.
By the end of March 2007, the number of affected customers had reached 45.7 million, and prompted credit bureaus to seek legislation requiring retailers to be responsible for compromised customer information saved in their systems. In addition to credit card numbers, personal information such as social security numbers and driver's license numbers from 451,000 customers were downloaded by the intruders. The breach was possible due to a non-secure wireless network in one of the stores. Eleven men were charged in the theft, and one (Damon Patrick Toey) plead guilty to numerous charges related to the breach. Another, Jonathan James, professed his innocence and later committed suicide, apparently out of the belief that he was going to be indicted. The alleged ringleader Albert Gonzalez, was later indicted in August 2009 with attacking Heartland Payment Systems, where 130 million records were compromised.
List of brands
|Brand||Year founded||Year acquired||No. of locations||Countries in operation|
- Marmaxx – TJ Maxx and Marshalls (US)
- HomeGoods – HomeGoods and HomeSense (US)
- TJX Canada – Winners, HomeSense (Canada), and Marshalls (Canada)
- TJX International – TK Maxx and HomeSense (UK and Ireland)
|Brand||Year founded||Year defunct||Year acquired||Year divested||Notes|
|AJWright||1998||2011||N/A||N/A||Stores liquidated or converted to other TJX brands|
|BJ's Wholesale Club||1984||N/A||1988||1989||BJ's and HomeClub spun off from TJX to form Waban|
|Bob's Stores||1954||N/A||2003||2008||Sold to Versa Capital Management and Crystal Capital|
|Home Club||1983||2002||1985||1989||BJ's and HomeClub spun off from TJX to form Waban|
|Trade Secret||1992||2017||2015||N/A||Stores converted to TK Maxx|
|Zayre||1956||1990||N/A||1988||Sold to Ames Department Stores, which facilitated the Waban spin-off and TJX reorganization|
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- Carlock, Catherine (November 20, 2019). "TJX buys $225M stake in Russian discount retailer". Boston Business Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- Kalogeropoulos, Demitri (August 19, 2020). "TJX Companies Posts a $214 Million Second-Quarter Loss". The Motley Fool. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- "THE TJX COMPANIES, INC. VICTIMIZED BY COMPUTER SYSTEMS INTRUSION; PROVIDES INFORMATION TO HELP PROTECT CUSTOMERS" (Press release). The TJX Companies, Inc. January 17, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2009.
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- Largest Customer Info Breach Grows. MyFox Twin Cities, March 29, 2007.
- Pereira, Joseph (May 4, 2007). "Breaking the code: How Credit-Card Data Went Out Wireless Door". Wall Street Journal.
- Tomsho, Rob (September 12, 2008). "Hacker Pleads Guilty In TJX Security Breach". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- Poulsen, Kevin (July 9, 2009). "Former Teen Hacker's Suicide Linked to TJX Probe". Wired. Retrieved October 29, 2009.
- "Hacker Charged With Heartland, Hannaford Breaches - wired.com - August 17, 2009". wired.com. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
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- Yahoo! Inc. (January 29, 2007). "TJX: Profile for TJX Cos Inc". Yahoo! Finance. Retrieved January 29, 2007.
- Business data for TJX Companies: