Talk:Taiwan under Qing rule

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First "Chinese" occupation of Taiwan[edit]

This article states that the Qing rule period (from 1683) is the first time in history that China occupied Taiwan. I'm a little iffy on this because back then the Manchus were not considered Chinese, but Koxinga (Ming) was. I'm inclined to think that when the Dutch surrendered in 1662, that was the first time that Taiwan was under ethnic (Han) Chinese occupation AND administration. I'm interested in everyone's opinion on this topic.

-- Adeptitus 18:19, 3 March 2007 (UTC)

Koxinga's kingdom was not considered as "China", he didn't conquer or occupy both Taiwan and China at the same time. It's correct that his men were Han Chinese; however, at that time most of the people on Taiwan were the Taiwanese aborigines. It was during the Qing Dynasty that there were more people moved to Taiwan from China.--Jerrypp772000 18:44, 3 March 2007 (UTC)

"an attempted uprising every three years and a revolt every five years."[edit]

"an attempted uprising every three years and a revolt every five years."

Can anyone find exact quote, carefully sourced? Thanks! --Ling.Nut 16:18, 23 March 2007 (UTC)

"more than a hundred rebellions"[edit]

"more than a hundred rebellions when Qing ruled" Anyone can find a source to this statement? Redcloud822 05:55, 25 March 2007 (UTC)

Header dispute[edit]

The start of this article has serious issues. First, the notion that China only ruled Taiwan for the first time during the Qing dynasty is questionable, with certain sources arguing for previous Ming rule, and/or connections with the Yuan. If multiple reliable sources are in conflict, the conflict should be described rather than glossed over. Second, the "only time China ruled Taiwan for more than five years" is really dubious; everything else aside, what about the regime there today? It ruled and rules there (fairly or not, rightly or wrongly) for 62+ years as of 2008. To imply that the present rule is somehow "not Chinese" is POV pushing.Ngchen (talk) 03:13, 7 May 2008 (UTC)

The ROC until very recently was Chinese, but it was not China after 1949. However, given your legitimate concerns about claims that China first ruled Taiwan when the Qing took over, we can maintain NPOV by removing both statements. I hope you don't mind that I also removed the "disputed" tag. Readin (talk) 03:20, 7 May 2008 (UTC)
Thanks. Things look OK now.Ngchen (talk) 17:45, 7 May 2008 (UTC)

Han and aborigines[edit]

Nice additions Pyl. The article needed more substance and you provided some.

However, I think this paragraph may give a false impression, or perhaps I have a false impression:

Despite the restrictions, the population of Han Chinese in Taiwan grew rapidly from 100,000 to 2,500,000, while the population of Indigenous Taiwanese peoples shrank. The Han Chinese also occupied most of the plains and developed good agricultural systems and prosperous commence, and consequently transformed Taiwan into a Han society.

Consider this paragraph from Taiwan aborigine

During the Qing Dynasty’s two-century rule over Taiwan, the population of Han on the island increased dramatically. However, it is not clear to what extent this was due to an influx of Han settlers, who were predominantly displaced young men from Zhangzhou and Quanzhou in Fujian province (Tsao 1999:331) or from a variety of other factors, including: frequent intermarriage between Han and Aborigines, the replacement of aboriginal marriage and abortion taboos, and the widespread adoption of the Han agricultural lifestyle due to the depletion of traditional game stocks, which may have led to increased birth rates and population growth. Moreover, the acculturation of Aborigines in increased numbers may have intensified the perception of a swell in the number of Han.

I know I've read that the marriage rate between aborigine women and Han men was so high that there was a saying that went something like "every maternal grandmother an aborigine, every paternal grandfather a Han" (if you know it please correct it because I'm sure I didn't get it exaclty right).

The paragraph in the article leaves the impression that the Han moved in and the aborgines moved out. Instead it may have been more of an assimilation, with many aborigines staying in place while adapting Han customs, and other aborigines assimilating through marriage. Readin (talk) 03:17, 11 May 2008 (UTC)

Thanks for the comment Readin. I appreciate it.

Yeah your quote is interesting because it seems to suggest a different picture from the information that I extracted from the government information office website. I just re-read the website, as well as the Chinese version of this article, neither of them said anything about the inter-marriage of the two groups of people being the main reason for the low indigenous population. However, a related extract from the Chinese version of the article says as follows:-

..., 而漢人也經常侵占其土地,或做黑心交易,因此常有漢番衝突產生。當時清廷委實不願多管,索性採「畫界封山」政策,劃定番界,並設石碑於界線,將漢人以及原住民隔離,同時也設「理番同知」一官調節其紛爭。但應政策不落實,且理番同知皆為漢人,原住民容易就吃虧。所以原住民土地常被明爭暗奪,有時漢人甚至以通婚之名佔據土地,多人仍越過番界來耕種、經商,衝突仍十分頻繁。

The Han people frequently occupied the indigenous land or conducted illegal business with the indigenous peoples, so conflicts often happened. During that time, the Qing government was not interested in managing this matter. It simply drew the borders and closed up the mountain area so they could segregate the two groups. It also implemented a policy which assumed that the indigenous peoples would understand the law as much as the Han Chinese, so when conflicts arose the indigenous peoples tended to be judged unfairly. Accordingly, indigenous land were often taken through both legal and illegal methods, sometimes the Han Chinese even used inter-marriage as an excuse to occupy land. Many people crossed the maintain borders to farm and to conduct business, and conflicts frequently arose.

What would you suggest? Should I put the above paragraph in the article so it gives a more complete picture?--Pyl (talk) 07:01, 11 May 2008 (UTC)

I just noticed the Chinese version of the article also said the following relating to inter-marriage:-


There were severe restrictions on mainland residents migrating to Taiwan: no family members could accompany the migrant. Therefore, most migrants were mostly single men or married men with wives remaining on the mainland. Most early male migrants to Taiwan would choose to marry the women from the Ping Pu clan. Accordingly, there was a saying which stated that "there were mainland men, but no mainland women".--Pyl (talk) 07:11, 11 May 2008 (UTC)

Ok, you used the GIO for your source. That makes sense. When I had time to look for info I saw that site and it agreed with what you said. We need to get a reference in the article (a reference as apposed to a "see also"). I'm not sure exactly which stuff you took from that site so if you don't mind I'll let you put the references in.
Since you have a reliable source (if the KMT held the presidency I would suggest that they want to emphasize the "Han-ness" of the modern population, but with the DPP holding the presidency and presumably control over the GIO, I won't suggest that) we'll have to leave it pretty much as is until we can find another reliable source to clarify things. Readin (talk) 00:17, 12 May 2008 (UTC)

Treaty of Shimonoseki[edit]

W/r/t the question of whether Taiwan was "ceded" to Japan back in 1895, I am of the opinion that in this article it should read along the lines of Taiwan being "ceded." The reason is that, although many Chinese will argue that the cession was illegal, the position is such that it's a distinctly minority view, and that for all practical terms, Taiwan was ceded back then. Ngchen (talk) 18:06, 7 February 2009 (UTC)

The view of both the governments of the ROC and the PRC is the minority view. For all practical terms, Japan took control of Taiwan. Cession is a legal term not a practical term.--pyl (talk) 23:51, 7 February 2009 (UTC)
I looked up "cede" in Google and came up with a load of definitions. Please look them over.
to yield or formally surrender to another: to cede territory.
To surrender possession of, especially by treaty. See Synonyms at relinquish.
To yield or surrender; to give up; to resign; as, to cede a fortress, a province, or country, to another nation, by treaty.
1. give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another syn: concede 2. relinquish possession or control over; "The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in" syn: surrender
1 : to yield or grant usually by treaty
(transitive) To give up, give way, give away.
To surrender possession of, especially by treaty
1  : to yield or grant typically by treaty
I don't see anything about how once it has happened, it can somehow unhappen. Even the claim that it is solely "is a legal term not a practical term" is dubious as no mention of such occurs in any of the definitions. If you wish to that claim please provide some evidence. And if you want to make the claim that once something has been ceded, it can never have happened (It happened. Those were real Japanese soldiers in Taiwan.)
As further evidence that Taiwan was ceded to Japan we have
hese islands were neither part of Taiwan nor part of the Pescadores Islands which were ceded to Japan from the Qing Dynasty of China in accordance with Article II of the Treaty of Shimonoseki which came into effect in May of 1895. and
the islands of Formosa and the Pescadores were ceded to Japan and
Article 2 of the Treaty of Shimonoseki and
In 1885 another Treaty of Tientsin concluded the Sino-French War and ceded Annam (now in Vietnam) to France, while the Treaty of Shimonoseki, signed in 1895 following the Sino-Japanese War, ceded Taiwan and the Pescadores to Japan, and
In 1895, as a result of the Treaty of Shimonoseki after the Sino-Japanese War, China ceded Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan,.
Please find some verifiability for the dubious claims that contradict these reliable sources. Readin (talk) 02:08, 8 February 2009 (UTC)
You probably are not aware of the legal concept of void ab initio. It is legally treated as the event never took place at all. Cession is a legal term meaning transfer of sovereignty. Legally, proper application of the unequal treaty doctrine can enable legal arguments to be mounted so the event is legally treated as never ever took place.
I am not disputing that there were real Japanese soldiers in Taiwan. They didn't have to be there just because legally there was a transfer of sovereignty. They could be there due to military occupation. Similarly, I am sure some Taiwan independence supporters would argue that Taiwan is currently under ROC's military occupation. There are real ROC soldiers in Taiwan as well, and I am sure the supporters won't use this as evidence that the ROC has sovereignty over Taiwan.
Japan did take over control of Taiwan. This is not disputed. But part of the ROC/PRC sovereignty theory disputes the act of taking over control as transfer of sovereignty (that is, cessession).--pyl (talk) 13:26, 9 February 2009 (UTC)
I'm aware of the concept. But pretending something didn't happen, even if it is legally sanctioned pretending, does not mean that something didn't actually happen.
The difference between the real Chinese soldiers who entered Taiwan at the end of WWII and the real Japanese soldiers who entered Taiwan is that the real Japanese soldiers entered based on a real document that the Qing had really agreed to that granted sovereignty to Japan. To the extent that the Qing could legitimately claim sovereignty over Taiwan, they really transferred that sovereignty to Japan.
The Chinese soldiers who entered Taiwan didn't really have similar document saying that the Japanese had really transferred that sovereignty to the ROC. All they had was an order from the Japanese emperor that the Japanese troops in Taiwan should surrender to the ROC. The status of the country was to be determined later. There are certainly arguments to be made to say that later agreements did transfer sovereignty over Taiwan to the ROC. But no agreement made later can undo the fact of what happened earlier. The long presence of troops may create sovereignty simply as a matter of accomplished fact, but that is different from saying that a state had a right to sovereignty from day 1.
Since you have a fondness for legal terms, how do you feel about ex post facto laws? Readin (talk) 15:10, 9 February 2009 (UTC)
The documents that you mentioned are besides the issue if the original documents were obtained with (with civil law concept) duress. This is the case where unequal treaty doctrine can be applicable.
Ex post facto laws don't apply in this case and those laws are normally illegal even outside international context.
Also, having an edit summary like what you like to have "eg Chinese slaves, pretending past never happened, Ma's merger policy" would appear to me that you are biased in this matter.--pyl (talk) 23:49, 9 February 2009 (UTC)
You think I'm biased. I believe you're biased. That's what the WP:Verifiability is all about. More importantly, it's why we should discuss the arguments and evidences presented rather than speculating on motivations. The arguments and evidence should stand or fall on their own no matter what the biase of the people presenting them. I've presented reliable sources. You should be able to do the same. Legal reasoning is almost always written down. Court proceedings are kept. Verdicts are kept. Contracts are kept. The world's legal systems are probably better documented than any other realm of human endeavor. If you what you are saying holds water, then it should be a trivial exercise to find reliable sources. We'll still have to consider how much weight to give the legal point of view, of course, but it won't help without some reasonable sourcing.
One problem with the "void ab initio" reasoning in international situations is that if one were to apply the concepts of "unequal treaties" and "under duress" as reasons for such things, then nearly all current conditions are "void ab initio". But nonetheless, we need some sources.Readin (talk) 00:59, 10 February 2009 (UTC)
I don't think we as editors are here to make legal arguments or to debate the merits of legal arguments, so please forgive me as I am not going into it. I am simply just stating the positions of both the ROC and PRC governments. They are mainstream POV and should be taken into account. As you are aware, at this stage, this POV is completely ignored in the article. To this end, I do not see any issue of biase on my behalf.
I agree with you that we need sources to state the two Chinese governments' POV. That's the reason why I didn't go change the article. As I said previously, I am on holidays at the moment and I don't have the time nor energy to go into that at this stage.--pyl (talk) 12:07, 10 February 2009 (UTC)
To use a particulary infamous example, the Indiana legislature once considered and nearly passed a law that would have made pi=3, rather than the more commonly used "3.14" (not to mention the irrational number) because changing pi to 3 would have simplified calculations, particularly for the children struggling to learn geometry.
Had this law passed, would you be on the all the geometry related pages to make sure that the non-3 value isn't stated with too much certainty? Wouldn't the position of the Indiana legislature need to be considered?
This is a similar situation. The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan. It happened. You say say that it was wrong, that it was done under duress, and that it doesn't or shouldn't carry any legal weight into the future. But none of that changes the fact that it happened.
To this end, I do not see any issue of biase on my behalf. You mentioned simply just stating the positions of both the ROC and PRC governments. That is an example of your bias. You give a lot of weight to PRC views on Taiwan even though the PRC has nothing to do with issues like this. I suspect this may be an outgrowth of your bigger bias, a tendency to place heavy emphasis on what laws, especially "international law". This is not an unusual bias, most of us have been through education systems run by a government that has a vested interest in making us trust the government to do and say the right thing. However in this area you seem to have a larger bias than most.
I don't want to continue on this line of argument. I simply hope you'll recognize that like everyone else, including me, you have your biases. Readin (talk) 14:13, 10 February 2009 (UTC)

I am on holidays and I don't have time to look for references. I will deal with that later.--pyl (talk)

(outdent) Readin said:

The Qing ceded Taiwan to Japan. It happened. You say say that it was wrong, that it was done under duress, and that it doesn't or shouldn't carry any legal weight into the future. But none of that changes the fact that it happened.

No, I didn't say it was wrong. Please read what I said as I am really not into circular arguments. As I said, I was simply stating the mainstream POVs of the PRC and the ROC. If you wish to change their minds, please address your arguments to them. I will cite the references when I have time.

I don't have any preference for the PRC view. But I find it a common bias for Wikipedia articles that the PRC view is quite often completely ignored. I fail to understand why the PRC "has nothing to do with issues like this". The PRC claims Taiwan as part of their territory, and their claim is acknowledged by most countries in the world. Their sovereignty theory on Taiwan is therefore completely relevant. It is, on the other hand, quite curious to me to trivialise the PRC's POV.--pyl (talk) 23:02, 10 February 2009 (UTC)

To "acknowledge" something is not to agree with it. And as editors we are supposed to consider the bias of sources - for example the bias that most nations will have in favor of saying whatever will please the ears of the leaders of the a market containing 1 billion people.
How many legs does a dog have if the UN and 200 countries say that a tail is a leg? Readin (talk) 00:12, 11 February 2009 (UTC)
I'm afraid that you're engaging in WP:OR here. Anyway, I filed a request for a third opinion yesterday. Hopefully an uninvolved editor can clear this problem up. Ngchen (talk) 14:05, 11 February 2009 (UTC)
We're engaging in a discussion about the value of various sources. Should laws be considered as reliable sources of knowledge even when the writers of the laws are known to have strong biases? Regardless of bias, can something be considered "law" if there is no power to enforce? Readin (talk) 14:44, 11 February 2009 (UTC)
If you are interested in law reform, I suggest that you pursue it through other means. I don't think Wikipedia is the place for it. Issues of legislators so called biases and enforcement of the law is outside the scope of an online encyclopedia.--pyl (talk) 15:19, 12 February 2009 (UTC)
It's not a question of changing the law. It's a question of treating law as an infallible source of knowledge. This is an encylclopedia, not a lawbook. Readin (talk) 15:32, 12 February 2009 (UTC)
Wow. You are extremely argumentative and like to use circular arguments.
You talked about law, then when people respond to that, you then changed your arguments and said it is not about the law. "Transfer of sovereignty" is a question of law. "Taking over control" is a question of fact. The PRC and the ROC are not disputing the fact. They are saying, under international law, "transfer of sovereignty" never took place. Is it that hard to understand?
Likewise, you could have used "Republic of China (Taiwan)" for Taipei at first place. But you chose to push your politics onto other people and decided to start another edit war when we have been over that discussion previously. Taiwan as a country is not acceptable. Any changes to put Taiwan as a country will always be subject to contention. In the interest of being more productive for you and for myself, I would ask you to stop doing it. Let's just save some time because this is boring.--pyl (talk) 15:46, 12 February 2009 (UTC)
If one is treating "sovereignty" as a legal possession that can only be given and taken according to contract-like laws, the Qing had no sovereignty because the Taiwanese aborigines never willingly gave it up. However, sovereignty is usually just transferred by fact of transfer - by fact of power. And it isn't necessarily a legal term (though some people prefer to see every word as a solely legal term, there are other uses for words). See 2 a: supreme power especially over a body politic b: freedom from external control : autonomy c: controlling influence for example. Whether one has " supreme power ... over a body politic" is not something can be retro-actively taken. All the courts in the world could opine that Stalin never had a right to exercise such control over Russia and other countries, he did it anyway. Whether or not Japan should have had such control over Taiwan may be debated, but they did have such control and no one is disputing that.
I'll respond to the question about Taipei on the talk:Taipei page. Readin (talk) 18:04, 12 February 2009 (UTC)

I think we are also over the arguments where you like to use an ordinary dictionary when the term has legal meanings. Please go back and read the "occupation" debate.--pyl (talk) 00:12, 13 February 2009 (UTC)

THe taiwanese people rejected shimonseki treaty[edit]

see Republic of Taiwan (1895), and its chinese language version, taiwanese people wanted to stay under qing rule and reject the japanese invaders.

There was in fact a declaration of independence by a group of Taiwanese, and there was armed resistance against the Japanese. See Japanese Invasion of Taiwan (1895). The Japanese Invasion of Taiwan (1895) article has some references you can probably make use of to put something about the resistance to the ceding of Taiwan to Japan. However, to go an extra step and say "taiwanese people wanted to stay under qing rule and reject the japanese invaders" you need a little more. It is not uncommon in history for a region to go to war to resist a new or existing government even if only a fraction of the people agree with the war makers. For example, I've seen estimates that in the American Revolution only about 1/3 wanted the war. Another 1/3 wanted to remain part of Britain. I've also read that only a small fraction of Russians supported the Bolsheviks. Readin (talk) 14:55, 11 February 2009 (UTC)

readin just go' owned[edit]

Republic of Taiwan (1895), Declaration of Independence[edit]

The declaration, in the original Chinese, reads as follows:

Roughly translated (i.e. with derogatory references to the Japanese removed), it says:

"The Japanese are powerful, and intend to annex Taiwan. The representatives of the residents of Taiwan had pleaded to the (Qing) court, but were turned down. The situation is dire, as the Japanese are approaching. Should we capitulate, our home would fall to enemy hands; should we resist, our strength is weak and could not withstand such aggression. (We) have negotiated with several foreign powers, and concluded that Taiwan must become independent in order for aids to come. The people of Taiwan will never capitulate to Japan; (we) would fight to the death rather than serve the enemy. According to the decision of the assembly, Taiwan shall become independent, and established as a democratic republic. All government officials shall be chosen by the people, and all official affairs shall be carried out impartially. To defend the new state and enforce new policy, there shall be a president to coordinate and manage the resources to maintain order and secure peace. Governor Tang Ching-sung is admired and approved by the people, thus was elected by the assembly as the President of the Republic of Formosa..."
And what reliable source says that the people of Taiwan supported this Declaration? Readin (talk) 20:29, 7 May 2009 (UTC)

Third opinion[edit]

I can completely sympathize with the desire to claim that a hated event never took place - I went for eight years without once referring to Bush by the title of President. And I still think the events that led to his appointment were a travesty. But that doesn't allow me to claim as a fact that his rule was legally illegitimate.
It's indisputable that Taiwan was ceded in the Treaty of Shimonoseki, whether it was "right" or "fair" or anything else. I've read through the arguments and supplementary material, and there's no legal case for asserting that the treaty was void ab initio. Nor does the rebellion change the fact of cession. (By that argument, you could claim China never owned Taiwan in the first place.) arimareiji (talk) 17:11, 12 February 2009 (UTC)

I think it is premature to have an opinion on "there's no legal case for asserting that the treaty was avoid ab initio" when no court has made the decision and I haven't even supplied any references for that. Don't you think it would be necessary to see the references before having an opinion?--pyl (talk) 00:10, 13 February 2009 (UTC)
I have read through all the material you've supplied; you haven't adequately supported your claim. If you want to add material to do so, I'll read it as well. arimareiji (talk) 17:10, 13 February 2009 (UTC)

"Qing Emperor Kangxi annexed (western) Taiwan because he wanted"[edit]

There are two obvious POVs on this. First, because the Qing never actually controlled eastern Taiwan, they never "annexed" it. On the other hand, I believe Pyl when he says that under the treaties the Qing laid claim to all of Taiwan. It seems that both the current wording "Qing Emperor Kangxi annexed Taiwan..." and the previous wording "The Manchu Qing Emperor Kangxi annexed western Taiwan..." can be misleading. Perhaps it needs to provide more information and say that "The Qing claimed Taiwan..." and then mention in a subsequent sentence that they were only able to control the western part of the country. Or perhaps the information about the realities of Qing control would fit better in the first sentence of the article. "The Qing Dynasty ruled western Taiwan from 1683 to 1895." I'll do that for now. Readin (talk) 20:36, 7 May 2009 (UTC)

I can't believe we have to argue this. I don't believe that any reliable source would argue that Qing China only occupied over western Taiwan and the whole act was an act of an act of occupation instead of annexation. I believe it was an internationally recognised act of annexation for the whole of Taiwan. The reliable source that I cited for this artcle when I was rewriting it was the Government Information Office of the Republic of China website while the DPP was still in power. And as you said at the time, the source was likely to be neutral (to you) and reliable because the DPP was in power then.
Let's put it in another perspective.
Queen Victoria ruled the area surronding Sydney from xxxx to xxxx. Queen Victoria in xxxx sent an army led by general xxxx to occupy Australia. While claiming the entire continent, the Queen succeeded in subduing Sydney, however the remaining of the Australian continent remained under indigenous control.
I just changed your paragraph from an Australian perspective. Now you see there is an agenda being pushed? This paragraph to be read to any reasonable person that the author is pushing for an Australia being occupied theory. I wouldn't believe that any reasonable person would conceive a mainsteam publications like Wikipedia would write this about Australia. This POV is too extreme.
If you wish to avocate an occupation theory for Taiwan, please cite reliable sources.--pyl (talk) 03:19, 8 May 2009 (UTC)
I'll look for a reliable source on the extent of the occupation. As for the Australia comparison, it looks ok to me. Similar things happened in the America for example, when Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from France. Neither America nor France actually occupied most of the territory, but all the western powers recognized the purchase.
In one of our early encounters I believe you were trying to castigate me for not paying enough attention to the Taiwanese aboriginal POV. Is it wrong now to note their perspective?
I know about your sensitivity to the word "occupation", but are you going to say that even when a foreign power comes in for the very first time ever and does so with an Army to take control, that even that act is not at least initially an occupation? Readin (talk) 14:38, 8 May 2009 (UTC)
So now you are seriously arguing that it is a mainstream POV that paragraphs like the ones you drafted should serve as the opening paragraphs of an article?
The point of your paragraph wasn't about the indigenous peoples on Taiwan at all. What you were trying to illustrate was an theory of occupation. Because Qing China apparently didn't exercise control over the whole of the territory they claimed and therefore Taiwan wasn't Chinese. You were, as usual, pushing for a Taiwan independence agenda. The point of your paragraph wasn't at all arguing that Taiwan belongs to the indigenous peoples.
If you are genuinely into indigenous rights, you would have demostrated it a lot more in the past. I don't think, judging from your past edits, that was your top priority.
No, it wasn't always an act of occupation. It could be an act of annexation. As you said earlier, this was how parts of the US territory was annexed. No mainstream publication would describe the US annexation as an act of occupation.
If you geninuely believe your paragraphs were suitable as opening paragraph, could I invite you to do something similar in a US, Canadian, New Zealand or Australian related article first and let's see how it goes? I am quite sure that wouldn't go down too well, as that POV is quite marginal.--pyl (talk) 14:55, 8 May 2009 (UTC)
I don't have a lot of time here, but quickly:

"The Oregon country was jointly occupied (and hotly contested) by Britain and the United States." - Readin (talk) 15:08, 8 May 2009 (UTC)

Thank you for the link and the research (I am not being sarcastic).
But I think your link has just proven my point. First, the opening paragraph wasn't saying ...... occupied......., like your drafted paragraph. Second, the article didn't use occupation in a legalist way, as it also used "occupied" to describe the indigenous peoples. In this manner, that's acceptable, as the context clearly shows that it wasn't alleging the white settlers of being illegitimate (but your drafted paragraph was).
For your easier reading (because you dont have much time), it said:-
"These lands were formally owned by other countries and occupied by independent indigenous peoples. California was part of Mexico. The Oregon country was jointly occupied (and hotly contested) by Britain and the United States"--pyl (talk) 15:18, 8 May 2009 (UTC)
So you agree that term can be used without necessarily invoking a legalistic meaning? Readin (talk) 15:40, 8 May 2009 (UTC)

Of course. But not in the way you did it in the past, as the context was either ambigous or in a way that attacked ROC's legitimacy.--pyl (talk) 15:43, 8 May 2009 (UTC)

I would like to add though, there are many other words that can be used without any ambiguity. I don't see why there is a need to use this word at first place other than attracting contention.--pyl (talk) 15:51, 8 May 2009 (UTC)

Moved the page[edit]

I have moved the page from "Taiwan under Qing Dynasty rule" to "Taiwan under Qing rule". First, we have reached a strong consensus that "dynasty" should not be capitalized in "Qing dynasty", "Ming dynasty", etc. (see Talk:Han dynasty#Han Dynasty to Han dynasty and WT:NC-CHINA#Capitalization: "Foo Dynasty" or "Foo dynasty"? (RFC)). Qing dynasty is the new official title for the Qing.

"Under Qing dynasty rule" sounds unnatural. I've done an ngram search for "under Qing rule", "under Qing dynasty rule", "under Qing-dynasty rule", and "under Qing Dynasty rule". As it turns out, "under Qing rule" is the only one that gets results results.[1] I therefore think this move is uncontroversial. If someone disagrees, though, please feel free to revert, and I will make a formal request for move. Thanks! Madalibi (talk) 06:46, 22 March 2014 (UTC)


Lalung, Formosa

Yuen-Fu Monastery, Formosa (1870) – John Thomson

Yuen-fu Monastery Cave, Fukien province, China.

Rajmaan (talk) 20:07, 27 November 2015 (UTC)