Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 1989

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Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election, 1989

← 1984 21 January 1989
11 March 1989
1991 →

All 234 seats in the Legislature of Tamil Nadu*
  First party Second party
  Flag DMK.svg Flag of AIADMK.svg
Leader M. Karunanidhi J. Jayalalithaa
Party DMK AIADMK
Alliance NF ADMK+
Leader's seat Harbour Bodinayakkanur
Seats won 150 27
Seat change Increase Decrease6
Popular vote 9,135,220 5,393,857
Percentage 37.89% 22.37%
Swing Increase0.89% n/a

  Third party Fourth party
  Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg Flag of AIADMK.svg
Leader G. K. Moopanar Janaki Ramachandran
Party INC AIADMK
Leader's seat Papanasam Andipatti
(lost)
Seats won 26 2
Seat change Decrease35 Decrease95
Popular vote 4,780,714 2,214,965
Percentage 19.83% 9.19%
Swing Increase3.55% n/a

1989 tamil nadu legislative election map.png
1989 election map (by constituencies)
*Note: The Infobox does not include the 2 seats won by merged ADMK coalition in March bye-election.

Chief Minister before election

President's rule

Chief Minister

M. Karunanidhi
DMK

The ninth legislative assembly election of Tamil Nadu was held on 21 January 1989. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) won the election and its leader M. Karunanidhi, became the Chief Minister. It was his third term in office. The DMK was in power only for a short term, as it was dismissed on 31 January 1991 by the Indian Prime minister Chandra Shekhar using Article 356 of the Indian Constitution.

Background[edit]

Split in ADMK[edit]

After the death of M. G. Ramachandran (MGR) in December 1987, his wife Janaki Ramachandran took over as Chief Minister. She lasted less than a month in power. The Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) split into two factions, one led by Janaki and the other by J. Jayalalithaa. The undivided ADMK legislature party had a strength of 132 including the Speaker P. H. Pandian. 97 of them supported the Janaki faction while 33 backed the Jayalalithaa group. Speaker Pandian was a supporter of Janaki. He did not recognize the Jayalalitha group as a separate party. On 28 January 1988, Janaki sought a vote of confidence in the Assembly. The Jayalalitha group abstained from the assembly and Pandian disqualified all of them. Earlier in December 1986, 10 MLAs of the DMK had been expelled from the Assembly by Mr Pandian for their participation in the anti-Hindi agitation of 1986, bringing down the strength of the house to 224. The disqualification of the 33 MLAs of the Jayalalitha group by P.H.Pandian further reduced the assembly's strength to 191. This enabled Janaki to win the vote of confidence with the support of only 99 members (with 8 opposing votes and 3 neutrals). Other opposition parties boycotted the vote - only 111 members were present during the motion.[1][2][3] Though she won the vote of confidence, her government was dismissed by prime minister Rajiv Gandhi on 30 January citing the disruptions in the assembly.[4] After a year of President's rule, elections were again held in January 1989. Both the ADMK factions claimed to be the official ADMK and requested the election commission to grant the "two leaves" symbol of the ADMK to them. However, the election commission refused to recognize either of them as the official ADMK and temporarily froze the "two leaves" symbol. Instead it awarded the "cock" symbol to the Jayalalitha faction (ADMK(JL)), while the Janaki faction (ADMK(JR)) was given the "two doves" symbol.[5][6][7][8][9]

Coalitions[edit]

The Tamil Nadu unit of the Indian National Congress initially decided to ally with the Jayalalitha faction.[10] This move was opposed by actor and Congress leader Sivaji Ganesan. On 10 February 1988, he left the party along with his supporters to form a new party Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani.[10][11] Ganesan's party allied itself with the Janaki faction. Eventually, the Congress also contested the elections alone.

The DMK was part of the Janata Dal led National Front. The front initially included both the Communist Party of India (CPI) and Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPM).[4] However, in the election only Janata Dal and CPM had a seat sharing agreement with the DMK. The CPI allied itself with the ADMK(JL).[citation needed]

This election attracted unusually high level of attention at the national level. It was seen as a precursor for the General election of 1989, a test of Rajiv Gandhi's popularity and P.H.Pandian's popularity as a speaker claiming Sky High Powers. The Tamil Nadu Congress (under G. K. Moopanar) was contesting elections alone after a gap of twelve years and Rajjiv Gandhi campaigned extensively making multiple campaign visits to Tamil Nadu. V. P. Singh and Jyoti Basu, the national leaders of Janata Dal and CPM respectively also campaigned for the DMK led front in Tamil Nadu.[4]

Seat allotments[edit]

DMK Front[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam M. Karunanidhi 202
2. Communist Party of India (Marxist) Nallasivam 21
3. Janata Party No flag.svg Era.Sezilyan 10

AIADMK (Jayalalithaa) Front[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Jayalalithaa Faction) J.Jayalalithaa 198
2. Communist Party of India P.Manickam 13
3. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (United) J.Jayalalithaa 4

†: The four seats that were delayed were contested by a united ADMK front (ADMK(JL) & ADMK(JR)), under the leader Jayalalithaa in a bye-election.

AIADMK (Janaki) Front[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (Janaki Faction) No flag.svg Janaki Ramachandran 175

Congress[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Indian National Congress G.K. Moopanar 214
1. United CPI D.Pandian 10

TMM[edit]

No.
Party Election Symbol Leader Seats
1. Thamizhaga Munnetra Munnani No flag.svg Sivaji Ganesan[11] 49

Voting and results[edit]

The election for 232 constituencies was held on 21 January 1989. The turnout among registered voters was 69.69%. Elections could not be held for two constituencies -Marungapuri and Madurai East - due to technical reasons. For these two elections were conducted later on 11 March 1989. Since the two ADMK factions had merged in February 1989 under the leadership of Jayalalitha, the Election Commission restored the "Two Leaves" symbol to the unified ADMK for these elections. The unified ADMK won both the seats.[12][13]

Election map of results based on parties. Colours are based on the results table on the left

Results by Pre-Poll Alliance[edit]

e • d Summary of the 1989 January Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election results
Sources: Election Commission of India [14]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
DMK+ alliance 169 +137 9,135,220 37.9%
DMK 150 +126 8,001,222 33.2% 38.7%
CPI(M) 15 +10 851,351 3.5% 36.5%
JNP 4 +1 282,647 1.2% 29.1%
ADK(JL)+ alliance 30 -5 5,393,857 22.4%
ADK(JL) 27 -6 5,098,687 22.2% 25.0%
CPI 3 +1 295,170 1.2% 21.3%
Others 33 -132 9,160,163 38.0%
INC 26 -37 4,780,714 19.8% 21.8%
ADK(JR) 2 -95 2,214,965 9.2% 12.2%
IND 5 +1 2,164,484 9.0% 9.1%
Total 232 24,111,468 100%

Results by Post-Poll Alliance[edit]

e • d Summary of the 1989 January/March Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election results
Sources: Election Commission of India [14]
Alliance/Party Seats won Change Popular Vote Vote % Adj. %
DMK+ alliance 169 +137 9,135,220 37.9%
DMK 150 +126 8,001,222 33.2% 38.7%
CPI(M) 15 +10 851,351 3.5% 36.5%
JNP 4 +1 282,647 1.2% 29.1%
AIADMK+ alliance 34 -100 7,757,452 32.2%
ADK(JL) 27 -101 5,098,687 22.2% 25.0%
ADK(JR) 2 2,214,965 9.2% 12.2%
ADK(United) 2 148,630 0.6% 37.4%
CPI 3 +1 295,170 1.2% 21.3%
Others 31 -37 7,218,796 29.9%
INC 26 -37 4,780,714 19.8% 21.8%
IND 5 +1 2,164,484 9.0% 9.1%
Total 234 24,111,468 100%

: Seat change reflects 33 MLAs that supported Jayalalithaa faction and 97 MLAs that supported Janaki faction (2 MLAs that supported her had their constituency election in a later March by-election after the merge). It also reflects GKC merging with INC and AKD not winning a seat after winning a seat in 1984.
: Vote % reflects the percentage of votes the party received compared to the entire electorate that voted in this election. Adjusted (Adj.) Vote %, reflects the % of votes the party received per constituency that they contested.


Constituency wise results[edit]

List of winners and runners-up by constituency
Assembly Constituency Winner Party Runner-up Party Margin
Acharapakkam E. Ramakrishnan DMK P. Singaram ADMK(JR) 27,893
Alandur C. Shanmugam DMK K. Adaikalam ADMK(JL) 26,009
Alangudi K. B. V. S. Chandrasekaran DMK T. Pushparaju INC 4,220
Alangulam S. S. Ramasubbu INC 2) M. P. Murugiah
3) V. Karuppasamy Pandian
4) Aladi Aruna
DMK
ADMK(JL)
ADMK(JR)
482
Ambasamudram K. Ravi Arunan INC R. Murugiah Pandian ADMK(JL) 4,103
Anaicut S. P. Kannan DMK Visvanathan ADMK(JL) 2,823
Andhiyur V. Periasamy ADMK(JL) K. Ramasamy DMK 1,962
Andimadam S. Sivasubramanian DMK A. Elavarasan ADMK(JL) 13,831
Andipatti P. Asayan DMK 2) V. Panneerselvam
3) Janaki Ramachandran
ADMK(JL)
ADMK(JR)
4,221
Anna Nagar K. Anbazhagan DMK V. Sukumar Babu ADMK(JL) 32,407
Arakkonam V. K. Raju DMK P. Rajakumar INC 21,973
Arantanki S. Thirunavukkarasu ADMK(JL) M. Shanmugasundaram DMK 21,703
Aravakurichi Ramasamy Monjabor DMK S. Jagadeesan ADMK(JL) 18,154
Arcot T. R. Gajapathy DMK K. V. Ramdoss ADMK(JL) 14,305
Ariyalur T. Arumugam DMK P. Elavazhagan ADMK(JL) 18,111
Arni A. C. Dayalan DMK D. Karunakaran ADMK(JL) 7,667
Aruppukottai V. Thangapandian DMK V. S. Panchavarnam ADMK(JL) 15,523
Athoor I. Periasamy DMK N. Abdul Kadhar INC 3,736
Attur A. M. Ramasamy DMK M. P. Subramaniam ADMK(JL) 5,825
Avanashi R. Annnambi ADMK(JL) C. T. Dhanapandi DMK 2,158
Bargur K. R. Rajendran ADMK(JL) E. G. Sugavanam DMK 1,029
Bhavani G. G. Gurumoorthy IND P. S. Kiruttinasamy DMK 16,853
Bhavanisagar V. K. Chinnasamy ADMK(JL) 2) P. A. Swaminathan
4) E. V. K. S. Elangovan
DMK
IND
7,420
Bhuvanagiri S. Sivalogam DMK R. Radhakrishnan IND 21,877
Bodinayakkanur J. Jayalalitha ADMK(JL) Muthu Manoharan DMK 28,731
Chengalpattu V. Tamil Mani DMK C. D. Varadarajan ADMK(JL) 16,341
Chengam M. Settu JNP P. Veerapandiyan ADMK(JL) 3,912
Chepauk M. A. Latheef DMK S. M. Hidayadullah INC 18,353
Cheranmadevi P. H. Pandian ADMK(JR) R. Avudaiyappan DMK 700
Cheyyar V. Anbalagan DMK M. Krishnaswamy INC 23,383
Chidambaram D. Krishnamurthy DMK A. Radhakrishnan INC 16,720
Chinnasalem T. Udhayasuriyan DMK K. R. Ramalingam ADMK(JL) 13,538
Coimbatore East K. Ramani CPM E. Ramakrishnan INC 8,125
Coimbatore West M. Ramanathan DMK T. S. Balasubramaniam ADMK(JL) 25,685
Colachel A. Pauliah INC R. Sambath Chandra DMK 12,197
Coonoor N. Thangavel DMK P. Arumugam INC 11,160
Cuddalore E. Pugazhenthi DMK M. Radhakrishnan INC 20,382
Cumbum E. Ramakrishnan DMK R. T. Gopalan ADMK(JL) 15,385
Dharapuram T. Santhakumari DMK A. Periasamy ADMK(JL) 1,436
Dharmapuri R. Chinnasamy DMK P. Ponnuswamy INC 12,551
Dindigul S. A. Thiagarajan CPM M. Sadhana Mary INC 17,802
Edapadi K. Palaniswami ADMK(JL) L. Palanisamy DMK 1,364
Egmore Parithi Ellam Vazhuthi DMK Polur Varadhan INC 20,969
Erode Subbulakshmi Jegadeesan DMK S. Muthusamu ADMK(JR) 22,198
Gingee N. Ramachandran DMK V. Ranganathan IND 22,630
Gobichettipalayam K. A. Sengottaiyan ADMK(JL) T. Geetha JNP 14,244
Gudalur M. K. Kareem INC T. P. Kamalatchan CPM 1,280
Gudiyatham K. R. Sundaram CPM R. Venugopal ADMK(JL) 2,079
Gummidipundi K. Venu DMK K. Gopal ADMK(JL) 3,530
Harbour M. Karunanidhi DMK K. A. Wahab MUL 31,991
Harur M. Annamalai CPM A. Anbazhagan ADMK(JL) 1,877
Hosur N. Ramachandra Reddy INC B. Venkatasamy JNP 2,061
Ilayangudi M. Sathiah DMK S. Palanichamy INC 19,222
Jayankondam K. C. Ganesan DMK Muthukumarasamy IND 4,867
Kadaladi A. M. Ameeth Ibrahim DMK S. Balakrishnan INC 409
Kadayanallur Samsuddin alias Kathiravan DMK S. R. Dubramanian INC 6,879
Kalasapakkam P. S. Thiruvengadam DMK S. Krishnamurthy ADMK(JL) 21,695
Kancheepuram P. Murugesan DMK S. S. Thirunavukkarasu ADMK(JL) 21,413
Kandamangalam S. Alaguvelu DMK M. Kannan ADMK(JR) 25,191
Kangayam P. Marappan ADMK(JL) P. Rathingamy DMK 7,671
Kanyakumari K. Subramania Pillai DMK V. Arumugham Pillai INC 2,339
Kapilamalai K. A. Mani ADMK(JL) K. S. Moorthy DMK 8,466
Karaikudi R. M. Narayanan DMK S. P. Durairasu ADMK(JR) 24,485
Karur K. V. Ramasamy DMK M. Chinnasamy ADMK(JL) 4,502
Katpadi Durai Murugan DMK R. Margabandu ADMK(JL) 19,837
Kattumannarkoil A. Thangaraju IND E. Ramalingam DMK 3,841
Kaveripattinam V. C. Govindasami DMK P. Minisamy ADMK(JL) 3,984
Killiyur Pon. Vijayaraghavan IND A. Jeyaraj DMK 9,831
Kinathukidavu K. Kandasamy DMK N. Appadurai ADMK(JL) 14,073
Kolathur V. Raju ADMK(JL) Selvaraj alias Kavithai Pithan DMK 12,205
Kovilpatti S. Alagarsamy CPI S. Radhakrishnan DMK 3,284
Krishnarayapuram A. Arivalagan ADMK(JL) S. Masilamalai DMK 10,684
Kulittalai A. Pappa Sundaram ADMK(JL) A. Sivaraman DMK 11,810
Kumbakonam K. S. Mani DMK K. Krishnamoorthy INC 7,692
Kurinjipadi N. Ganeshmurthy DMK R. Rasendran ADMK(JL) 28,844
Kuttalam R. Rajamanickam DMK S. Dhinakaran INC 24,950
Lalgudi K. N. Nehru DMK Sami Thirunavukkarasu ADMK(JL) 23,188
Madurai Central S. Paulraj DMK 2) A. Deivanayagam
3) S. Raghavanadam
4) K. T. K. Thangamani
5) P. Nedumaran
INC
ADMK(JR)
CPI
TNC(K)
11,146
Madurai East S. R. Radha ADMK N. Sankaraiah CPM 13,323
Madurai West Pon. Muthuramalingam DMK R. V. S. Premkumar INC 19,492
Maduranthakam S. D. Ugamchand ADMK(JL) C. Arumugam DMK 3,508
Manamadurai P. Duraipandi DMK V. M. Subramaniam ADMK(JL) 3,452
Mangalore V. Ganesan DMK K. Ramalingam ADMK(JL) 20,759
Mannargudi K. Ramachandaran DMK V. Veerasenan CPI 2,725
Marungapuri K. Ponnusamy ADMK B. Senguttuvan DMK 11,023
Mayiladuturai A. Senguttuvan DMK M. M. S. Abul Hasan INC 12,759
Melmalayanur R. Panchatcharam DMK P. U. Shanmugam ADMK(JR) 12,787
Melur K. V. V. Rajamanickam INC K. R. Thiagarajan DMK 8,650
Mettupalyam V. Gopalakrishnan INC V. Jayaraman ADMK(JL) 7,160
Mettur N. Sreerangan CPM K. Gurusamy ADMK(JR) 1,128
Modakurichi A. Ganesamoorthy DMK S. Balakrishnan ADMK(JL) 16,007
Morappur V. Mullai Vendan DMK M. G. Sekhar ADMK(JL) 8,507
Mudukulathur S. Vellachamy alias Kather Batcha DMK P. K. Krishnan INC 10,404
Mugaiyur A. G. Sampath DMK M. Longan INC 13,986
Musiri M. Thangavel ADMK(JL) N. Selvaraju DMK 1,449
Mylapore N. Ganapathy DMK Sarojini Varadappan ADMK(JL) 18,195
Nagapattinam G. Veeraiyan CPM Pon Palanivelu INC 13,797
Nagercoil M. Moses INC P. Dharmaraj DMK 6,865
Namakkal P. Duraisamy DMK S. Raju ADMK(JL) 4,343
Nanguneri Achiyur M. Mani DMK P. Sironmani INC 1,493
Nannilam M. Manimaran DMK A. Kalaiyarasan ADMK(JL) 19,855
Natham M. Andi Ambalam INC R. Visvanathan ADMK(JL) 5,452
Natrampalli R. Mahendran DMK A. R. Rajendran ADMK(JL) 9,581
Nellikuppam S.Krishnamoorthy DMK N. V. Jayaseelan IND 11,429
Nilakottai A. S. Ponnammal INC R. Paranthaman DMK 692
Oddanchatram P. Kaliappan DMK P. Balasubramani ADMK(JL) 5,841
Omalur C. Krishnan ADMK(JL) K. Chinnaraju DMK 10,482
Orathanad L. Ganesan DMK K. Srinivasan ADMK(JL) 21,978
Ottapidaram M. Muthiah DMK O. S. Veluchami INC 1,743
Padmanabhapuram S. Noor Mohammad CPM 2) A. T. C. Joseph
3) D. Kumaradas
4) C. Velayudham
INC
IND
BJP
1,314
Palacode K. Madhapan ADMK(JL) T. Chandrasekar DMK 4,500
Palani N. Palanivel CPM B. Panneerselvam INC 2,855
Palayamkottai S. Gurunathan DMK S. A. Khaja Mohideen MUL 2,431
Palladam M. Kannappan DMK K. Sivaraj ADMK(JL) 13,576
Pallipet A. Eakambara Reddy INC P. M. Narasimhan ADMK(JL) 4,377
Panamarathuypatti S. R. Sivalingam DMK 2) P. Thangavelan
3)Rangarajan Kumaramangalam
ADMK(JL)
INC
1,825
Panruti K. Nanda Gopalakiruttinan DMK R. Devasundaram ADMK(JL) 34,908
Papanasam G. Karuppiah Moopanar INC S. Kalyanasundaram DMK 1,092
Paramakudi S. Sundararaj ADMK(JL) K. V. R. Kandasamy DMK 3,414
Park Town A. Rahman Khan DMK Babuji Gautam ADMK(JL) 20,413
Pattukottai K. Annadurai DMK A. R. Marimuthu INC 14,681
Pennagaram N. Nanjappan IND P. Srinivasan ADMK(JL) 943
Perambalur R. Pitchaimuthu CPI M. Devaraj DMK 431
Perambur Chengai Sivam DMK P. Viswanathan INC 39,990
Peravurani R. Singaram INC M. Krishnamoorthy DMK 751
Periyakulam L. Mookiah DMK 2) S. Sheik Abdul Khader
3) S. S. Rajendran
INC
ADMK(JL)
5,593
Pernambut V. Govindan DMK I. Tamilarasan ADMK(JL) 11,446
Pernamallur E. Ettiyappan DMK Jaison Jacob ADMK(JL) 17,320
Perundurai V. N. Subramanian ADMK(JL) R. Arumugam INC 14,698
Perur A. Natarajan DMK V. D. Balasubramanian IND 29,933
Pollachi V. P. Chandrasekar ADMK(JL) P. T. Balu DMK 3,774
Polur A. Rajendran DMK S. Kannan ADMK(JL) 10,144
Pongalur S. R. Balasubramaniam INC N. S. Palanisamy ADMK(JL) 440
Ponneri K. Sundaram DMK 2) K. Tamizharasan
3) D. Yasodha
ADMK(JL)
INC
7,607
Poompuhar M. Mohammad Siddik DMK R. Rajamannar ADMK(JL) 23,818
Poonamallee T. R. Masilamani DMK G. Anathakrishna INC 29,295
Pudukottai A. Periyannan DMK Rama Veerappan ADMK(JR) 19,280
Purasawalkam Arcot N. Veerasami DMK B. Ranganathan ADMK(JL) 38,264
Radhakrishnan Nagar S. P. Sarkunam DMK E. Madhusudhanan ADMK(JL) 24,256
Radhapuram Ramani Nallathambi INC V. Karthesan DMK 4,502
Rajapalayam V. P. Rajan DMK M. Arunachalam INC 4,015
Ramanathapuram M. S. K. Rajenthiran DMK S. Sekar ADMK(JL) 14,111
Ranipet J. Hassain IND M. Kuppusami DMK 3,940
Rasipuram A. Subbu DMK 2) V. Thamilarasu
3) K. P. Ramalingam
ADMK(JL)
ADMK(JR)
460
Rishivandiyam Ekal M. Natesa Odayar DMK S. Sivaraj INC 5,961
Royapuram R. Mathivanan DMK K. Arumugaswamy IND 11,766
Saidapet R. S. Sridhar DMK Saidai S. Duraisamy ADMK(JR) 32,589
Salem - I K. R. G. Dhanabalan DMK C. N. K. A. Periasamy IND 22,661
Salem - II Veerapandy S. Arumugam DMK M. Natesan ADMK(JL) 20,765
Samayanallur N. Soundrapandian DMK O. P. Raman ADMK(JL) 15,960
Sankarankoil S. Thangavelu DMK K. Marutha Karuppan ADMK(JL) 21,989
Sankarapuram M. Muthiyan DMK S. Kalitheerthan ADMK(JR) 10,017
Sankari R. Varadarajan DMK R. Dhanapal ADMK(JL) 7,869
Sathankulam Kumari Ananthan INC P. Durairaj DMK 1,196
Sathyamangalam T. K. Subramaniam DMK S. K. Palanisamy ADMK(JL) 1,087
Sattur S. S. Karuppasamy DMK R. Kothandaraman ADMK(JL) 16,061
Sedapatti A. Athiyaman DMK R. Muthiah ADMK(JL) 6,536
Sendamangalam K. Chinnasamy ADMK(JL) C. Alagappan DMK 5,037
Sholavandan D. Radhakrishnan DMK P. S. Manian ADMK(JL) 5,259
Sholinghur A. M. Munirathinam INC C. Manickam DMK 5,258
Singanallur Era. Mohan DMK P. L. Subbiah INC 38,238
Sirkazhi M. Panneerselvam DMK N. Ramasamy INC 22,775
Sivaganga B. Manoharan DMK E. M. Sudarsana Natchiappan INC 1,768
Sivakasi P. Seenivasan DMK K. Ayyappan INC 5,915
Sriperumbudur E. Kothandam DMK Arul Pugazhenthi ADMK(JL) 6,390
Srirangam Y. Venkadeswara Dikshidar JNP Ku. Pa. Krishnan ADMK(JL) 8,008
Srivaikuntam S. Daniel Raj INC C. Jegaveerapandian DMK 3,472
Srivilliputhur A. Thangam DMK R. Thamaraikani ADMK(JR) 13,495
Talavasal S. Gunasekaran DMK T. Rajambal ADMK(JL) 6,079
Tambaram M. A. Vaithiyalingam DMK A. J. Doss INC 46,261
Taramangalam K. Arjunan ADMK(JL) P. Kandasamy IND 1,653
Tenkasi S. Peter Alphonse INC V. Pandivelan DMK 6,594
Thalli D. C. Vijeyandriah JNP K. V. V. Venugopal INC 20,963
Thandarambattu D. Ponmudi DMK K. F. Velu ADMK(JR) 19,529
Thanjavur S. N. M. Ubayadullah DMK Durai Thirugnanam ADMK(JL) 34,853
Theni G. Ponnu Pillai DMK 2) N. R. Alagaraja
4)K. Kalimuthu
INC
ADMK(JR)
780
T. Nagar S. A. Ganesan DMK K. Sourirajan INC 22,104
Thirumangalam R. Saminathan DMK N. S. V. Chithan INC 4,055
Thirumayam V. Sobiah DMK C. Swaminathan INC 5,744
Thirunavalur A. V. Balasubramanian DMK P. Kannan ADMK(JL) 17,308
Thirupparankundram C. Ramachandran DMK V. Rajan Chellappa ADMK(JL) 29,976
Thiruthuraipundi G. Palanisamy CPI N. Kuppusamy DMK 8,278
Thiruvadanai K. R. Ramasamy Ambalam INC 2) S. Murugappan
3) K. Sornalingam
4) M. Thennavan
DMK
IND
ADMK(JL)
1,850
Thiruvarambur Pappa Umanath CPM 2) V. Swaminathan
3) S. D. Somasundaram
INC
ADMK(JL)
22,209
Thiruvadaimarudhur S. Ramalingam DMK M. Rajangam INC 20,057
Thiruvaiyaru Durai Chandrasekaran DMK V. C. Ganesan alias Sivaji Ganesan IND 10,643
Thiruvattar R. Nadesan INC J. Hemachandran CPM 8,109
Thiruvarur V. Thambusamy CPM Raja Nagooran ADMK(JL) 26,020
Thiruvonam M. Ramachandran DMK K. Thangamuthu ADMK(JL) 12,749
Thondamuthur U. K. Vellingiri CPM P. Shanmugam ADMK(JL) 21,603
Thottiam K. Kannaiyan DMK K. P. Kathamuthu ADMK(JL) 1,137
Thousand Lights M. K. Stalin DMK S. S. R. Thambidurai ADMK(JL) 20,634
Tindivanam R. Masilamani DMK K. Ramamurthi INC 10,755
Tiruchengode V. Ramasamy CPM R. Rajan ADMK(JL) 18,088
Tiruchy - I A. Malaramannan DMK Ka. Shivaraj INC 5,744
Tiruchy - II Anbil Poyyamozhi DMK K. M. Kader Mohideen IND 9,793
Tirunelveli A. L. Subramanian DMK Nellai N. S. S. Kannan INC 9,521
Tiruppattur (41) B. Sundaram DMK S. P. Manavalan INC 13,457
Tiruppattur (194) S. S. Thennarasu DMK 2) R. Arunagiri
3) S. Kannappan
INC
ADMK(JL)
10,893
Tirupporur D. Thirumurthy DMK M. Govindarajan ADMK(JL) 3,512
Tiruppur C. Govindasamy CPM K. Subbarayan CPI 17,379
Tiruttani P. Natarajan DMK Munu Adhi ADMK(JL) 9,123
Tiruvallur S. R. Munirathinam DMK 2) M. Selvaraj
3) D. Sundarsanam
ADMK(JL)
INC
22,239
Tiruvannamalai K. Pitchandi DMK A. S. Ravindran INC 34,402
Tiruvottiyur T. K. Palanisamy DMK J. Ramachandran ADMK(JL) 21,072
Triplicane Nanjil K. Manoharan DMK H. V. Hande ADMK(JL) 9,972
Tuticorin N. Periasamy DMK V. Shanmugam INC 547
Udagamandalam H. M. Raju INC T. Gundan alias Gunda Gowder DMK 806
Udumalpet S. J. Sadiq Pasha DMK P. Kolandaivelu ADMK(JL) 8,405
Ulundurpet K. Angamuthu DMK V. Selvaraj INC 11,905
Uppiliapuram R. Mookan ADMK(JL) M. Varadarajan DMK 4,560
Usilambatti P. N. Vallarasu DMK V. Pandian INC 1,591
Uthiramerur K. Sundar DMK P. Sundar Raman ADMK(JL) 11,129
Valangiman Yasodha Chellappa DMK Vivekananda ADMK(JL) 9,898
Valparai P. Lakshmi ADMK(JL) D. M. Shanmugam DMK 6,672
Vandavasi V. Dhanaraj DMK T. S. Govindan INC 14,088
Vaniyambadi P. Abdul Samad DMK 2) N. Kulasekara Pandiyan
3) A. K. Abdul Samad
ADMK(JL)
MUL
17,109
Vanur A. Marimuthu DMK C. Krishnan INC 22,012
Varahur K. Annadurai DMK E. T. Ponnuvelu ADMK(JL) 7,324
Vasudevanallur R. Eswaran INC R. Krishnan CPM 411
Vedaranyam P. V. Rajendiran INC M. Meenakshisundaram DMK 5,224
Vellakoil Durai Ramasamy ADMK(JL) V. V. Ramasamy DMK 5,380
Vedasandur P. Muthusamy ADMK(JR) S. Gandhirajan IND 890
Veerapandi P. Venkatachalam DMK S. K. Selvam ADMK(JL) 4,141
Vellore V. M. Devaraj DMK P. Neelakandan ADMK(JL) 19,360
Vilathikulam K. K. S. S. R. Ramachandran ADMK(JL) S. Kumaragurubara Ramanathan DMK 7,996
Vilavancode M. Sundaradas INC D. Mony CPM 1,214
Villivakkam W. R. Varadarajan CPM D. Balasubramaniam ADMK(JL) 59,421
Villupuram K. Ponmudi DMK S. Abdul Latheef INC 22,765
Virudhunagar R. Chokkar INC A. S. A. Arumugam JNP 5,558
Vridachalam G. Bhuvarahan JNP R. D. Aranganathan ADMK(JL) 14,536
Yercaud C. Perumal ADMK(JL) V. Dhanakodi DMK 6,441
* Elected as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu

Analysis[edit]

The split in the ADMK and the Congress contesting alone split the opposition votes, while the DMK retained its vote bank and won a comfortable majority.[8] Janaki Ramachandran, contesting from Andipatti, lost to DMK's P. Asayan by less than a 5000 vote margin, in a four-way contest between ADMK (Janaki), ADMK (Jayalilithaa), Congress, and DMK.

Cabinet[edit]

Karunanidhi debuted as the finance minister in his Cabinet.

See also[edit]

|Ninth |1989-91 |S. Krishnamoorthy |Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam |-

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Kaliyaperumal, M (1992). The office of the speaker in Tamilnadu : A study (PDF). Madras University. p. 100. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, XVII Assembly Third Session (12 November - 22 December, 1986)" (PDF). Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  3. ^ "The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, VIII Assembly Sixth Session (27-28 January, 1986)" (PDF). Government of Tamil Nadu. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  4. ^ a b c South India Election Will Test Political Strength of Gandhi, The New York Times 21 January 1989
  5. ^ The politics of governor's office, The Business Line - 3 November 2003
  6. ^ A political agenda, Frontline - 15 November 1997
  7. ^ All For You, Amma Outlook Magazine 13 March 1996
  8. ^ a b Raising The Dead Outlook Magazine 24 January 1996
  9. ^ Thakurta, Paranjoy Guha; Shankar Raghuraman (2004). A Time of Coalitions. SAGE. pp. 235–236. ISBN 978-0-7619-3237-6. 
  10. ^ a b Subramaniamn, TS (30 July 2004). "Celluloid connections". Frontline. Archived from the original on 14 November 2007. Retrieved 21 January 2009. 
  11. ^ a b Kantha, Sachi Sri (2008-11-09). "Book Review: Autobiography of Actor-Politician Sivaji Ganesan". Sangam. Retrieved 2009-01-21. 
  12. ^ Ganesan, P. C. (1996). Daughter of the South: biography of Jayalalitha. Sterling Publishers. p. 57. ISBN 978-81-207-1879-1. 
  13. ^ The Journal of parliamentary information, Volume 35. Lok Sabha Secretariat. 1996. p. 228. 
  14. ^ a b ECI: 1989 Election Statistical Report

External links[edit]