Tel Anafa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tel Anafa
תל אנפה
Tel Anaffa1.jpg
Tel Anafa, from the south
Tel Anafa is located in Israel
Tel Anafa
Shown within Israel
Coordinates33°10′38″N 35°38′41″E / 33.177164°N 35.644694°E / 33.177164; 35.644694
Area11 dunams
PeriodsEarly Bronze Age - Hellenistic period

Tel Anafa (Hebrew: תל אנפה‎, lit. "Egret hill" Arabic: تل الأخضر‎, translit. Tel el-Hader, lit. "The green hill") is an archaeological site and nature reserve in the Upper Galilee, Israel.[1]


Tel Anafa was inhabited from the Early Bronze Age through the early Roman period, but most of the significant archaeological remains are from the Hellenistic period.[2][3]

In the late Hellenistic period, 125-80 BCE, the site was occupied by a large building with a central courtyard. The site was abandoned after 80 BCE and resettled in the last decade of the century. This early Roman phase continued until the mid 1st century CE when the site was abandoned once again. Coins and amphora handles from the late 4th to the 2nd century were unearthed.[4]

The land on which it is situated has since 1984 been part of an 11-dunam nature reserve.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bar'am, Aviva. "A monumental north". » Israel Travel Guide. Archived from the original on 2009-01-06.
  2. ^ "Tel Anafa". Kelsey Museum of Archaeology.
  3. ^ "Ancient Tel Anafa". The History of the Ancient Near East Electronic Compendium.
  4. ^ Ancient Tel Anafa
  5. ^ "List of National Parks and Nature Reserves" (PDF) (in Hebrew). Israel Nature and Parks Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2010-10-10.

Further reading[edit]

  • Sharon, Herbert (1993). E. Stern, ed. New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land. 1. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society and Carta. pp. 58–61.
  • Sharon Herbert; Donald T. Ariel (1994). Tel Anafa I: final report on ten years of excavation at a Hellenistic and Roman settlement in northern Israel. Kelsey Museum of Archaeology at the University of Michigan. pp. 19–22. Retrieved 10 October 2010..
  • Sharon C. Herbert, Tel Anafa I, i and ii, Final Report on Ten Years of Excavation at a Hellenistic and Roman Settlement in Northern Israel (Ann Arbor: Kelsey Museum 1994) (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Suppl. 10, I, i and ii; Kelsey Museum Fieldwork Series); Andrea Berlin and Kathleen Warner Slane, Tel Anafa II, i, The Hellenistic and Roman Pottery (Ann Arbor: Kelsey Museum 1997) (Journal of Roman Archaeology, Suppl. 10, II, i; Kelsey Museum Fieldwork Series).
  • Saul S. Weinberg, Tel Anafa : the Hellenistic town (Jerusalem : National Museum 1970)