The Strangers (2008 film)
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Bryan Bertino|
|Written by||Bryan Bertino|
|Edited by||Kevin Greutert|
|Distributed by||Rogue Pictures|
|Box office||$82.4 million|
The Strangers is a 2008 American psychological horror film written and directed by Bryan Bertino. The plot follows Kristen (Liv Tyler) and James (Scott Speedman) whose stay at a vacation home is disrupted by three masked criminals who infiltrate the home. The screenplay was inspired by two real-life events: the Manson family Tate murders, a multiple homicide, as well as a series of break-ins that occurred in Bertino's neighborhood as a child. Some journalists noted similarities between the film and the Keddie cabin murders that occurred in Keddie, California in 1981, though Bertino did not cite this as a reference.
Made on a budget of $9 million, the film was shot on location in rural South Carolina in the fall of 2006. Originally slated for a theatrical release in November 2007, it was postponed before a theatrical release on May 30, 2008. It grossed $82 million at the box office worldwide and received mixed reviews from critics, with some praising its atmosphere and tension, and others criticizing its script and characters.
Contemporary film scholars have interpreted it as a criticism of the perceived safety of pastoral life, as well as an exploration of stranger-on-stranger violence. A sequel, titled The Strangers: Prey at Night, was released on March 9, 2018.
In a secluded area, away from civilization, James Hoyt and Kristen McKay arrive at night to James' childhood summer home, returning from a friend's wedding. Tension abounds between the couple, as Kristen rejected James's marriage proposal to her after the reception. James calls his friend Mike and asks him to pick him up in the morning. Shortly after 4:00 a.m., there is a loud knock at the door. A young blonde woman, whose face is obstructed by poor lighting, asks the couple "Is Tamara home?", but is turned away by James. James goes for a drive to purchase a pack of cigarettes for Kristen; before he departs, he starts a fire in the hearth. Kristen realizes the chimney flue is closed, and attempts to open it; smoke emanating from the fire triggers a smoke alarm. Kristen attempts to disarm the smoke alarm when she is startled by another knock at the door; she drops the alarm on the floor, unnerved. She calls James' cellphone from the landline, but their call is cut short. Kristen returns to the kitchen, where, unbeknownst to her, a man—the Man in the Mask—watches her from an adjacent hallway.
Kristen notices the smoke alarm she left on the floor is now sitting on a chair, and realizes someone else has been in the house. Upon going to retrieve her cell phone from the charger, she finds it is missing, and begins to panic. When she hears a noise from the backyard, she arms herself with a knife, and opens the curtains to find the Man in the Mask, staring at her. Screaming, she stumbles into the hallway, and watches as the front door is forced ajar. When she goes to push the door closed, the blonde woman, now in a doll mask—Dollface—peeks inside. After locking the door, Kristen hides in the bedroom and hears the strangers outside bashing the walls of the house. The noise eventually stops and James returns to the home. After she explains what has happened, he goes outside to the car to obtain his phone, whereupon he finds the car ransacked and vandalized, and sees Dollface watching him from afar. The couple attempt to leave in James' car but another woman in a pin-up girl mask—Pin-Up Girl—rear-ends them with a truck, forcing them to flee.
Back inside the house, Kristen and James find a shotgun and wait for the intruders in a bedroom. Mike arrives and realizes something is wrong after seeing James's wrecked car. He enters the house, and James, mistaking him for one of the intruders, shoots him dead. Devastated, James remembers an old radio transmitter in the backyard shed. He leaves and encounters Pin-Up Girl, searching the backyard with a flashlight. When James tries to shoot her, the Man in the Mask knocks him unconscious, inadvertently discharging the gun. Kristen hears the shot and runs to the shed. She finds the radio, but Pin-Up Girl smashes it with an ax. Kristen rushes back to the house where she encounters Dollface, who taunts her with a knife, saying, "You're gonna die." She tries to escape but is incapacitated by the Man in the Mask. At dawn, the couple awaken to find themselves tied to chairs in the living room with the strangers standing before them. Kristen demands, "Why are you doing this?" to which Dollface replies, "Because you were home."
The strangers unmask themselves to Kristen and James before taking turns stabbing them in the chest and abdomen. After, the strangers drive away in their truck, and come across two young boys on bicycles distributing religious tracts. Dollface comes out of the truck and asks if she can have one of their tract cards. One of the boys asks her, "Are you a sinner?", to which Dollface responds saying, "Sometimes." The boy gives her one, and the strangers drive away as Pin-Up Girl states, "It'll be easier next time." The two boys come upon the house and discover the chaotic scene with a ransacked house, and the bloodied bodies of Kristen, James, and Mike inside. One of the boys approaches Kristen's body and attempts to touch it. As he reaches out to her, Kristen, still alive, startles him by grabbing his hand and screaming.
- Liv Tyler as Kristen McKay
- Scott Speedman as James Hoyt
- Gemma Ward as Dollface
- Kip Weeks as the Man in the Mask
- Laura Margolis as Pin-Up Girl
- Glenn Howerton as Mike
- Alex Fisher and Peter Clayton-Luce as Mormon boys
Film scholar Kevin Wetmore noted the film's portrayal of violence as a reflection of its contemporary culture, writing: "Death is a random act in post-9/11 horror—the result of being in the wrong place at the wrong time, as the cliché goes. Unlike in eighties slasher horror, for example, where engaging in negative behavior such as drinking, doing drugs, having premarital sex are often forerunners to being killed by the killer(s); [here], death is random and unrelated to one's behavior."
In The Horror Show Guide: The Ultimate Frightfest of Movies, Mike Mayo noted the film's "grim realism," writing that the main characters "could have wandered out of a gloomy Ingmar Bergman film," ultimately branding the film as an example of "naturalistic domestic horror" akin to Michael Haneke's Funny Games.
The film has also been noted by scholar Philip Simpson as highlighting "the divide between the underprivileged and privileged classes," as well as for its inversion of commonly-held beliefs about violence in urban areas and pastoral ethics: "The Strangers, as many horror films do ... undermines the conventional notion of rural society as a simpler, crime-free place. One might call the narrative sensibility informing The Strangers 'pastoral paranoia', in that danger lurks among the rough folk of the country rather than the suburbs and cities. Of course, it may be that provincial violence is a result of contamination, or in other words that the kind of stranger-upon-stranger violence typically associated with urban life metastasizes to the rural, a phenomenon noted by Louis Wirth."
In his book Hearths of Darkness: The Family in the American Horror Film (2014), scholar Tony Williams notes the film's setting within a 1970s-era home as representative of an "American tradition of violence that is random and without any coherent explanation." Additionally, Williams reads the three masked assailants as metaphors for the "repressed and unresolved tensions affecting the couple inside the house."
Screenplay and inspiration
Bryan Bertino, on his inspiration for the film.
Writer-director Bryan Bertino wrote the screenplay which was originally titled The Faces; it was the third screenplay he had ever written. Bertino had a particular interest in the horror genre, noting how one can connect to an audience by scaring them, and would state in subsequent interviews that he grew up watching horror films. In particular, he stated he was significantly inspired by thriller films of the 1970s while writing the screenplay, and envisioned a film that "put the audience in the world of the victims."
As a kid, I lived in a house on a street in the middle of nowhere. One night, while our parents were out, somebody knocked on the front door and my little sister answered it. At the door were some people asking for somebody who didn't live there. We later found out that these people were knocking on doors in the area and, if no one was home, breaking into the houses.
In interviews, Bertino stated he was "very impressed" with some of the theories circulating on the Internet about the "true events" the movie is allegedly based on, but said that his main inspiration was the true crime book Helter Skelter, which is about the Manson Family murders; some journalists speculated that the film was also inspired by the unsolved Keddie Cabin Murders of 1981 that occurred in a small vacation community in California's Sierra Nevada. The film's premise has been compared by some film critics to the French horror film Them, released two years earlier, which also features a couple terrorized by strangers in their remote home.
Bertino entered the screenplay for The Strangers into a screenwriting contest, after which he sold its directorial rights to Universal Pictures.
When casting the two leading actors in the film, Bertino sought Liv Tyler for the role of Kristen. Tyler, who had not worked for several years after the birth of her son, accepted the part after being impressed by the script, which she read while on a flight from Japan to Los Angeles: "I especially liked Bryan's way of saying a lot, but not saying everything. Often in movies, it's all spelled out for you, and the dialogue is very explanatory. But Bryan doesn't write like that; he writes how normal people communicate—with questions lingering. I knew it would be interesting to act that." Canadian actor Scott Speedman was cast as James. Speedman was also impressed by the script, stating that "the audience actually gets time to breathe with the characters before things get scary as hell. That got me interested from the first pages".
In casting the three masked intruders, Bertino chose Australian fashion model Gemma Ward for the part of Dollface, feeling she had the exact "look" he had imagined; Ward was officially cast in the film in September 2006. In preparing for the role, Ward read Vincent Bugioisi's Helter Skelter for inspiration. Kip Weeks was then chosen as the Man in the Mask, and television actress Laura Margolis, who found the script to be a real "page turner", was cast in the part of Pin-Up Girl. In retrospect, Bertino said he chose the three actors based on their abilities to convey their characters in spite of the fact that their faces remain unseen onscreen.
Bertino had not initially planned on directing The Strangers, and had been disconnected from the project after selling directorial rights to Universal Pictures. Both Justin Lin and Mark Romanek were attached to direct, but eventually backed out. Approximately two years after Bertino had sold the screenplay, Universal passed the project onto its subsidiary, Rogue Pictures, who approached Bertino to direct the project, despite his lack of experience.
On a $9 million budget, filming for The Strangers began on October 10, 2006, and finished in early 2007. It was shot on location roughly 10 miles outside of Florence, South Carolina, and the 2,000-square-foot (190 m2) house interior was constructed by a set crew. Though the film takes place in 2005, the house itself was deliberately constructed with an architecture reminiscent of 1970s ranch houses and dressed in furnishings applicable to the era. Bertino based the house on the types of homes common where he had grown up in rural Texas. The property was located on the outskirts of Timmonsville, South Carolina. Despite weather complications, the film was largely shot in chronological order.
During production, it was reported that Liv Tyler came down with tonsillitis due to the extensive screaming the role required her to do. Tyler would later recall it being the most difficult film she had ever worked on, "both physically and emotionally." According to Laura Margolis, who played the Pin-Up Girl, Tyler also specifically requested that she not see her mask prior to filming: "I got strict instructions not to let Liv see me in my mask before we shot," Margolis recalled. "The first scene that I shot was stalking [her] outside of the barn. I had been told that she really wanted to be scared. She didn't want to have to fake it, and so it was my responsibility to really scare her. So we shot that scene, I ran at her, she started actually screaming, and then she kicked me away."
The masks featured in the film were chosen by Bertino, who wanted them to appear as though the killers "could have picked them up at any store."
Film editor Kevin Greutert was hired to edit the film; at the time, he recently finished editing Saw III. Several changes were made to the film during post-production, primarily regarding the conclusion: In the screenplay and the original footage shot, the three masked strangers reveal their faces on camera. After the sequence in which Kristen and James are stabbed, the strangers wander around the house, cleaning up parts of the crime scene before dressing into Kristen and James's clothes. Following test screenings, it was decided by the producers that the strangers' faces should remain unseen to the audience, which required the sequences following the stabbing to be excised.
|Film score by|
|Released||May 27, 2008|
A musical score, consisting of 19 pieces composed by score producer tomandandy, was released on May 27, 2008, and was distributed by Lakeshore Records. The album was received with generally positive reviews by critics. "It's a creepy score for what appears to be a movie that will make you jump as well as make sure that the doors are locked at night," writes reviewer Jeff Swindoll. "This is an impressive score and adds a tremendous chill-factor to the film," says Zach Freeman of Blogger News, grading it with an A.
All tracks are written by tomandandy.
|6.||"James and Kristen"||2:39|
|7.||"3 AM Knock"||4:47|
|10.||"Run to Car"||1:54|
- Songs from Film, but not on Soundtrack
- "Ariel Ramirez" - Richard Buckner
- "Hopeful" - Jennifer O'Connor
- "At My Window Sad and Lonely" - Billy Bragg and Wilco
- "Sprout and the Bean" - Joanna Newsom
- "My First Lover" - Gillian Welch
- "Mama Tried" - Merle Haggard
The producers originally planned for a summer release in July 2007, which was eventually postponed to November 2007; however, this date was postponed as well. The producers instead opted for a summer release, and The Strangers had its theatrical debut in United States and Canada on May 30, 2008. In its opening weekend, the film grossed $21 million in 2,467 theaters, ranking #3 at the box office and averaging $8,514 per theater. The overall box office return was successful, earning $82.4 million worldwide.
Marketing and promotion
In late July 2007, Bertino, Tyler and Speedman attended San Diego's annual Comic-Con event to promote the film; all three were present for a questions-and-answers panel session, as well as a screening of the film's official teaser trailer; this trailer was released on the internet several weeks later. It was not until March 2008 that a full-length trailer for the film was released, which can be found on Apple's QuickTime trailer gallery. The trailer originally began running in theaters attached to Rogue Pictures' sci-fi film Doomsday in March 2008, and television advertisements began airing on networks in early-mid April 2008 to promote the film's May release.
Two one-sheet posters for the film were released in August 2007, one showing the three masked Strangers, and the other displaying a wounded Liv Tyler. In April 2008, roughly two months before the film's official theatrical debut, the final, official one-sheet for the film was released, featuring Liv Tyler standing in a darkened kitchen with a masked man looming behind her in the shadows.
The Strangers was released on DVD and Blu-ray in the United States on October 21, 2008. Both the Blu-ray and DVD feature rated and unrated versions of the film, with the unrated edition running approximately two minutes longer. Bonus materials include two deleted scenes and a making-of featurette. The DVD was released in the UK on December 26, 2008. The film was available on Universal VOD (Video on Demand) from November 19, 2008, through March 31, 2009. In commemoration of the film's 10th anniversary, a two-disc collector's edition Blu-ray by Scream Factory was released on March 6, 2018, featuring a 2K video transfer, as well as a combination of new and archival cast and crew interviews.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 48%, based on 164 reviews. The website's critical consensus reads: "The Strangers has a handful of genuinely scary moments, but they're not enough to elevate the end results above standard slasher fare." Metacritic reported an average score of 47 out of 100, based on 27 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B–" on an A+ to F scale.
Unfavorable reviews included Roger Ebert's of the Chicago Sun-Times, who gave the film one-and-a-half stars out of four, saying: "The movie deserves more stars for its bottom-line craft, but all the craft in the world can't redeem its story." Bob Mondello of NPR said the film was "A sadistic, unmotivated home-invasion flick." Steven Rea of The Philadelphia Inquirer noted that "No one is getting at anything in The Strangers, except the cheapest, ugliest kind of sadistic titillation." Elizabeth Weitzman of the New York Daily News compared the film to 2007's Vacancy – a "comparison which does 'Strangers' no favors. 'Vacancy' director Nimród Antal gave us a pair of heroes who fought like hell to survive, becoming closer and stronger in the effort. Bertino's undeveloped protagonists are colossally stupid and frustratingly passive." Stephen Hunter of The Washington Post panned the film, calling it "a fraud from start to finish." Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle, said the film "uses cinema to ends that are objectionable and vile," but admitted that "it does it well, with more than usual skill." Wesley Morris of The Boston Globe said of the director, "Bertino has the pretensions of an artist and the indelicacy of a hack. He tries to get under our skin with a pile driver." Stephen Whitty of The Star-Ledger opined of the film, "Unfolding with an almost startling lack of self-awareness, young filmmaker Bryan Bertino's debut is such a careful, straight-faced knockoff of '70s exploitation films that it plays like a parody."
Among the positive reviews, Jeannette Catsoulis of The New York Times said The Strangers is "suspenseful," "highly effective," and "smartly maintain[s] its commitment to tingling creepiness over bludgeoning horror." Michael Rechtshaffen of The Hollywood Reporter called the film a "creepily atmospheric psychological thriller with a death grip on the psychological aspect." James Berardinelli of ReelViews gave the film 3 out of 4 stars, saying that, "This is one of those rare horror movies that concentrates on suspense and terror rather than on gore and a high body count." Scott Tobias of The A.V. Club said that "as an exercise in controlled mayhem, horror movies don't get much scarier."
Additional positive feedback for the film came from Joblo.com reviewer Berge Garabedian, who praised director Bertino for "building the tension nicely, with lots of silences, creepy voices, jump scares, use of songs and a sharp eye behind the camera, as well as plenty of Steadicam give it all more of a voyeuristic feel." Empire Magazine remarked on the film's retro-style, saying, "Like much recent horror, from the homages of the Grindhouse gang through flat multiplex remakes of drive-in classics, The Strangers looks to the '70s.", and ultimately branded the film as "an effective, scary emotional work-out." Slant Magazine's Nick Schager listed The Strangers as the 9th best film of 2008.
In 2009, the film was ranked #13 on "Bravo's 13 Scarier Movie Moments" television piece, and in a 2018 retrospective, Clark Collis of Entertainment Weekly deemed the film a "modern-day slasher classic." The A.V. Club named it the 23rd best horror film made since 2000.
In August 2008, Rogue Pictures confirmed that a sequel was in the works, with Brian Bertino co-writing the screenplay with Ben Ketai. The project was originally slated to enter principal photography in 2009, during which time it was tentatively titled The Strangers: Part II. Directors Laurent Briet and Marcel Langenegger were considered to direct, but landed eventually to Johannes Roberts. After a troubled development period, filming on the sequel began May 30, 2017. Later titled The Strangers: Prey at Night, the film was released on March 9, 2018.
- "THE STRANGERS (15)". British Board of Film Classification. March 14, 2008. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- The Strangers (Blu-ray (Disc 2)). Scream Factory. 2018 . ASIN B077Z82BCG.
- "The Strangers (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved June 2, 2008.
- Wetmore 2012, p. 83.
- Mayo 2013, p. 334.
- Simpson 2013, pp. 192–193.
- Williams 2014, p. 294.
- Simpson 2013, p. 187.
- "The Strangers Production Notes provided by Universal Pictures" (PDF). Hollywood Jesus. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2011. Alternate link at Cinema Review.
- Bertino, Bryan (2018). Defining Moments: Writing and Directing The Strangers (Blu-ray documentary short). Scream Factory.
- Dawson, Angela (May 28, 2008). "Liv in the moment". Entertainment News Wire. AZCentral. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
- Turek, Ryan (May 26, 2008). "Interview: The Strangers' Bryan Bertino (Pt. 2)". Shock Till You Drop. Archived from the original on December 28, 2008. Retrieved August 20, 2008.
- Turek, Ryan (August 1, 2007). "Never Talk to Strangers". Shock Till You Drop. Archived from the original on December 10, 2015.
- Hayes, Britt (March 4, 2016). "THE STRANGERS And The Real-Life Horrors That Inspired A Slasher Masterpiece". Birth.Movies.Death. Archived from the original on August 2, 2016.
- West 2016, p. 140.
- Strangers at the Door. The Strangers (Blu-ray documentary short). Scream Factory. 2018 .
- "Gemma Ward's One Of The Strangers". Empire. September 1, 2006. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- Simpson 2013, p. 188.
- Vander Kaay & Fernandez-Vander Kaay 2016, p. 157.
- "Bryan Bertino Interview, The Strangers". MoviesOnline. Archived from the original on July 8, 2008.
- The Elements of Terror: Making The Strangers (DVD). Universal Studios. October 2008.
- Collis, Clark (March 6, 2018). "Liv Tyler wanted to be genuinely terrified while making The Strangers". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- Greutert, Kevin (2018). Deep Cuts: Editing The Strangers. The Strangers (Blu-ray documentary short). Scream Factory.
- "The Strangers [Original Motion Picture Soundtrack]". AllMusic. Retrieved March 10, 2017.
- Swindoll, Jeff (May 23, 2008). "Soundtrack Review: The Strangers". Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- Freeman, Zach (May 28, 2008). "CD Review: The Strangers Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, by tomandandy". Blogger News. Retrieved April 25, 2017.
- Krentcil, Faran (May 16, 2007). "Gemma Ward, Serial Killer". Fashionista. Retrieved March 9, 2017.
- Coffman, Jason. "The Strangers (2008)". Film Monthly. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017.
- Han, Angie (January 26, 2015). "'The Strangers 2' Moving Forward With Director Marcel Langenegger". /Film. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Ullrich, Chris (July 29, 2007). "Comic-Con: 'Balls of Fury', 'The Strangers', and 'Doomsday'". Cinematical. Archived from the original on December 22, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2010.
- "The Strangers". Apple.com. Apple Trailers. Archived from the original on October 11, 2011.
- Billington, Alex (March 11, 2008). "New Trailer for Liv Tyler's The Strangers". First Showing. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- "The Strangers Poster – Internet Movie Poster Awards Gallery". Internet Movie Poster Awards. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "The Strangers Poster (ver. 2) – Internet Movie Poster Awards Gallery". Internet Movie Poster Awards. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "The Strangers Poster (ver. 3) – Internet Movie Poster Awards Gallery". Internet Movie Poster Awards. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- The Strangers (DVD). Universal Home Video UK. 2008. ASIN B001DDR6QE.
- Universal – VOD: The Strangers – November 19, 2008.
- "The Strangers: Collector's Edition Blu-ray Detailed". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "The Strangers (2008)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- "The Strangers Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- "The Strangers – CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
- Ebert, Roger (May 29, 2008). "The Strangers". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 3, 2010.
- Mondello, Bob (May 29, 2008). "When 'Strangers' Come Calling, It's Hard Knocks". NPR. Archived from the original on December 23, 2014. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Rea, Steven (May 30, 2008). "Bad things happen to no good end". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 5, 2017.
- Weitzman, Elizabeth (May 29, 2008). "'Strangers' may resemble other shockers, but it's still creepy". NY Daily News. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016.
- Hunter, Stephen (May 30, 2008). "Don't Fall Prey to 'Strangers'". The Washington Post. 131 (177). p. 37.
- LaSalle, Mick (May 30, 2008). "Movie review: Killers drop by in 'Strangers'". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on November 23, 2015.
- Morris, Wesley (May 30, 2008). "Scary 'Strangers' frightfully lacking". Boston.com. The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Whitty, Stephen (May 30, 2008). "You'll want to scream, but not with delight". NJ.com. The Star-Ledger. Archived from the original on June 25, 2008.
- Catsoulis, Jeannette (May 30, 2008). "A Slow Crescendo of Intimidation". The New York Times. Archived from the original on September 16, 2015.
- Rechtshaffen, Michael (May 29, 2008). "The Strangers". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015.
- Berardinelli, James (2008). "The Strangers". ReelViews. Archived from the original on October 13, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2017.
- Tobias, Scott (May 29, 2008). "The Strangers review". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on August 6, 2008. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Garabedian, Berge (November 19, 2008). "The Strangers". JoBlo.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2015.
- Newman, Kim (August 22, 2008). "The Strangers Review". Empire Magazine. Archived from the original on November 13, 2016.
- Schager, Nick. "2008: Year in Film". Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008.
- "Bravo's 13 Scarier Movie Moments". Scariest Movie Moments. October 2009. Bravo. Video on YouTube
- "The 25 Best Horror Movies Since 2000: The Strangers". The A.V. Club. Archived from the original on April 11, 2020.
- ""The Strangers" Sequel to Shoot in September". Worst Previews. Archived from the original on November 13, 2016.
- Fletcher, Alex (August 28, 2008). "Rogue Pictures confirms 'Strangers 2'". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on August 18, 2016.
- Romano, Nick (February 4, 2017). "The Strangers 2 moving ahead with director Johannes Roberts". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Knapp, JD (May 11, 2017). "Christina Hendricks, Bailee Madison, Lewis Pullman Join 'Strangers 2'". Variety. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Collis, Clark (January 5, 2018). "The masked maniacs are back in The Strangers: Prey at Night trailer". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- Mayo, Mike (2013). The Horror Show Guide: The Ultimate Frightfest of Movies (2nd ed.). Visible Ink. ISBN 978-1-57859-420-7. OCLC 833339608.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Simpson, Philip L. (2013). ""There's Blood on the Walls": Serial Killing as Post-9/11 Terror in The Strangers". In Alzena MacDonald (ed.). Murders and Acquisitions: Representations of the Serial Killer in Popular Culture. New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-4411-9292-9. OCLC 918760963.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Vander Kaay, Chris; Fernandez-Vander Kaay, Kathleen (2016). Horror Films by Subgenre: A Viewer's Guide. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-9837-6. OCLC 908375271.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- West, Alexandra (2016). Films of the New French Extremity: Visceral Horror and National Identity. McFarland. ISBN 978-1-4766-6348-7. OCLC 934885163.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Wetmore, Kevin J. (2012). Post-9/11 Horror in American Cinema. Continuum. ISBN 978-1-4411-9797-9. OCLC 787843534.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Williams, Kevin (2014). Hearths of Darkness: The Family in the American Horror Film (Updated ed.). University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-62846-107-7. OCLC 903533974.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)