|Male Agriomyia sp. feeding on nectar|
Thynnidae (also known as flower wasps) are a family of large solitary wasps whose larvae are almost universally parasitoids of various beetle larvae, especially those in the superfamily Scarabaeoidea. Until recently, the constituents of this family were classified in the family Tiphiidae, but multiple studies have independently confirmed that thynnids are a separate lineage.
Most species are small, but they can be up to 30 mm long. The females of some subfamilies (all Diamminae, Methochinae, and Thynninae) are wingless, and hunt ground-dwelling (fossorial) beetle larvae, or (in one species) mole crickets. The prey is paralysed with the female's sting and an egg is laid on it so the wasp larva has a ready supply of food. In species where both sexes are winged, males are similar in size to the females, but are much more slender. The males of species with wingless females, however, are often much larger than the females and have wings, the adults mating in the air, with the female carried by the male's genitalia. Adults feed on nectar and are minor pollinators. As some of the ground-dwelling scarab species attacked by thynnids are pests, some of these wasps are considered beneficial as biological control agents.
- Aelurus Klug, 1840 g
- Aeolothynnus Ashmead, 1903 g
- Agriomyia Guérin-Ménéville, 1838 g
- Anthobosca Guérin-Ménéville, 1838 g
- Anthosila Genise, 1985 g
- Arthrothynnus Brown, 1996 g
- Aulacothynnus Turner, 1910 g
- Campylothynnus Turner, 1910 g
- Catocheilus Guérin-Ménéville, 1842 g
- Chilothynnus Brown, 1996 g
- Diamma Westwood, 1835 g
- Eirone Westwood, 1844 g
- Elaphroptera Guérin-Ménéville, 1838 g
- Guerinius Ashmead, 1903 g
- Iswaroides Ashmead, 1899 g
- Lestricothynnus Turner, 1910 g
- Lophocheilus Guérin-Ménéville, 1842 g
- Macrothynnus Turner, 1908 g
- Meria Illiger, 1807 g
- Mesothynnus Kimsey, 1991 g
- Methocha Latreille, 1804 g b
- Myzinum Latreille, 1803 g b
- Neozeleboria Rohwer, 1910 g
- Phymatothynnus Turner, 1908 g
- Pogonothynnus Turner, 1910 g
- Pterombrus Smith, 1869 g b
- Rhagigaster Guérin-Ménéville, 1838 g
- Rhytidothynnus Brown, 2008 g
- Tachynomyia Guérin-Ménéville, 1842 g
- Thynnoides Guérin-Ménéville, 1838 g
- Thynnoturneria Rohwer, 1910 g
- Thynnus Fabricius, 1775 g
- Zaspilothynnus Ashmead, 1903 g
- Zeleboria Saussure, 1867 g
- Pilgrim, E.; von Dohlen, C.; Pitts, J. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (5): 539–560. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x.
- Johnson, B.R.; et al. (2013). "Phylogenomics Resolves Evolutionary Relationships among Ants, Bees, and Wasps". Current Biology. 23 (20): 2058–2062. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2013.08.050. PMID 24094856.
- "NCBI taxonomy browser, Thynnidae". Retrieved 2018-05-18.
- Pilgrim, E.M.; von Dohlen, C.D.; Pitts, J.P. (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vespoidea indicate paraphyly of the superfamily and novel relationships of its component families and subfamilies". Zoologica Scripta. 37 (5): 539–560. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2008.00340.x.
- Debevec, Andrew H.; Cardinal, Sophie; Danforth, Bryan N. (2012). "Identifying the sister group to the bees: a molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea" (PDF). Zoologica Scripta. 41 (5): 527–535. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00549.x.
- "ITIS, Integrated Taxonomic Information System". Retrieved 2018-05-16.
- "Catalogue of Life". Retrieved 2018-05-16.
- "Thynnidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-05-16.
- "Thynnidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-05-16.