Tenthredinoidea

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Tenthredinoidea
XN Tenthredo mesomela.jpg
Tenthredo mesomela
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Suborder: Symphyta
Superfamily: Tenthredinoidea
Latreille, 1803
Type genus
Tenthredo
Families

Argidae
Blasticotomidae
Cimbicidae
Diprionidae
Pergidae
Tenthredinidae

The Tenthredinoidea are the dominant superfamily of sawflies within the Symphyta, containing some 7000 species worldwide, primarily in the family Tenthredinidae. All known larvae are phytophagous, and a number are considered pests.

The included extant families share the distinctive features of a medially narrowed pronotum, paired protibial spurs, and the loss of the transverse mesonotal groove. The superfamily also includes two extinct families.[1] Meicai and Haiyan (1998) identified 66 extant tribes and 17 subfamilies.[2] The superorder includes the argid sawflies (Argidae), cimbicid sawflies (Cimbicidae), the pine or conifer sawflies (Diprionidae) and the common sawflies (Tenthredinidae).

Taxonomy[edit]

Families
  • Family Argidae Konow, 1890 (58 genera, 897 spp.)
  • Family Blasticotomidae Thomson, 1871 (2 genera, 12 spp.)
  • Family Cimbicidae W. Kirby, 1837 (16 genera, 182 spp.)
  • Family Diprionidae Rohwer, 1910 (11 genera, 136 spp.)
  • Family Pergidae Rohwer, 1911 (60 genera, 442 spp.)
  • Family Tenthredinidae Latreille, 1803 (400 genera, 5,500 spp.)

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Aguiar, Alexandre P.; Deans, Andrew R.; Engel, Michael S.; Forshage, Mattias; Huber, John T.; Jennings, John T.; Johnson, Norman F.; Lelej, Arkady S.; Longino, John T.; Lohrmann, Volker; Mikó, István; Ohl, Michael; Rasmussen, Claus; Taeger, Andreas; Yu, Dicky Sick Ki (30 August 2013). "Order Hymenoptera". Zootaxa. 3703 (1): 51–62. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3703.1.12. , in Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013)
  • Liston, Andrew; Knight, Guy; Sheppard, David; Broad, Gavin; Livermore, Laurence (29 August 2014). "Checklist of British and Irish Hymenoptera - Sawflies, 'Symphyta'". Biodiversity Data Journal. 2: e1168. doi:10.3897/BDJ.2.e1168. 
  • Meicai, Wei; Haiyan, Nie (1998). "Generic list of Tenthredinoidea s. str. (Hymenoptera) in new systematic arrangement with synonyms and distribution data". Journal of Central-South Forestry College (in Chinese). 18 (3): 23–31. Retrieved 5 September 2016.