Tonganoxie, Kansas

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Tonganoxie, Kansas
Location within Leavenworth County and Kansas
Location within Leavenworth County and Kansas
KDOT map of Leavenworth County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694Coordinates: 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyLeavenworth
Platted1866
Incorporated1871
Area
 • Total3.67 sq mi (9.51 km2)
 • Land3.66 sq mi (9.48 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
889 ft (271 m)
Population
 • Total4,996
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
5,524
 • Density1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
66086
Area code913
FIPS code20-70800 [4]
GNIS ID0478853 [5]
Websitetonganoxie.org

Tonganoxie (pronounced /tɒŋɡəˈnɒksi/)[6] is a city in Leavenworth County, Kansas and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area within the United States. As of 2010, its population was 4,996 and approximately double of 2000 census.[7]

History[edit]

Tonganoxie was platted in 1866.[8][9] It was named for a local Native American Chief from the Delaware Tribe whose name means "shorty" in the Delaware language.[10] Tonganoxie was incorporated as a city in the late 1870s.[11]

Geography[edit]

Tonganoxie is located at 39°6′32″N 95°5′13″W / 39.10889°N 95.08694°W / 39.10889; -95.08694 (39.108880, -95.086885).[12] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.67 square miles (9.51 km2), of which 3.66 square miles (9.48 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cold winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tonganoxie has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880426
189067358.0%
190084826.0%
19101,01820.0%
1920971−4.6%
19301,10914.2%
19401,1140.5%
19501,1402.3%
19601,35418.8%
19701,71726.8%
19801,8648.6%
19902,34725.9%
20002,72816.2%
20104,99683.1%
Est. 20185,524[3]10.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,996 people, 1,884 households, and 1,338 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,365.0 inhabitants per square mile (527.0/km2). There were 1,973 housing units at an average density of 539.1 per square mile (208.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 1.0% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 1,884 households of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.0% were non-families. 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.08.

The median age in the city was 32.5 years. 29.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,728 people, 999 households, and 737 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.8 people per square mile (335.4/km²). There were 1,032 housing units at an average density of 329.0 per square mile (126.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 1.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.3% of the population.

There were 999 households out of which 42.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 22.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 30.0% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,278, and the median income for a family was $49,960. Males had a median income of $37,301 versus $24,028 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,026. About 4.5% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Tonganoxie has one high school, a middle school, and one new elementary school. The high school teams are named the Chieftains, while middle school teams are known as the Warriors and the elementary school's mascot is the Braves.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Peruvian Connection is based in Tonganoxie.

In November 2017, Tyson Foods cancelled plans to build a $320,000,000 chicken processing plant in Tonganoxie after objections from local residents.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 24, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ William Allen White School of Journalism and Public Information (1955). A pronunciation guide to Kansas place names. Lawrence, KS: University of Kansas. p. 25.
  7. ^ "City Population".
  8. ^ Hall, Jesse A. and Hand LeRoy T. (1921). History of Leavenworth County Kansas. Historical Publishing Company. p. 152.
  9. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 222.
  10. ^ Heim, Michael (2007). Exploring Kansas Highways. p. 51.
  11. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 810.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ Climate Summary for Tonganoxie, Kansas

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]