Franklin County, Kansas

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Franklin County
Franklin County Courthouse in Ottawa
Franklin County Courthouse in Ottawa
Map of Kansas highlighting Franklin County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°35′00″N 95°17′00″W / 38.5833°N 95.2833°W / 38.5833; -95.2833
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedAugust 25, 1855
Named forBenjamin Franklin
SeatOttawa
Largest cityOttawa
Area
 • Total577 sq mi (1,490 km2)
 • Land572 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water5.4 sq mi (14 km2)  0.9%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2016)
25,560
 • Density45/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district2nd
WebsiteFranklinCoKS.org

Franklin County (county code FR) is a county located in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 25,992.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Ottawa.[2] The county is predominantly rural and is part of the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City MO-KS Combined statistical area.[3] Formerly it was a part of the Kansas City metropolitan area, but was removed in 2013.[4]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

The area was included in a treaty ceding land to the Osage Nation in 1808, and ceded back to the federal government in 1825. After 1825 and prior to 1867, treaties with various Indian nations set off parts of what was later to become Franklin County for their use.[citation needed]

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Franklin County was established. Franklin County was one of the 33 original Kansas Territory counties created by the first Territorial Legislature of 1855.[5] The county was named after Benjamin Franklin.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 577 square miles (1,490 km2), of which 572 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 5.4 square miles (14 km2) (0.9%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,030
187010,385242.7%
188016,79761.7%
189020,27920.7%
190021,3545.3%
191020,884−2.2%
192021,9465.1%
193022,0240.4%
194020,889−5.2%
195019,928−4.6%
196019,548−1.9%
197020,0072.3%
198022,06210.3%
199021,994−0.3%
200024,78412.7%
201025,9924.9%
Est. 201625,560[8]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790–1960[10] 1900–1990[11]
1990–2000[12] 2010–2016[1]

Franklin County comprises the Ottawa, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[13] there were 24,784 people, 9,452 households, and 6,720 families residing in the county. The population density was 43 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 10,229 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.05% White, 1.21% Black or African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.78% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.62% of the population.

There were 9,452 households out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,052, and the median income for a family was $45,197. Males had a median income of $31,223 versus $22,992 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,311. About 5.60% of families and 7.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.40% of those under age 18 and 7.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

Franklin County is often carried by Republican Candidates. The last time a democratic candidate has carried Franklin County was in 1964 by Lyndon B. Johnson.

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.5% 7,185 26.4% 2,892 8.1% 888
2012 63.6% 6,984 33.6% 3,694 2.8% 312
2008 60.0% 7,079 37.6% 4,433 2.4% 279
2004 64.4% 7,391 34.2% 3,921 1.4% 164
2000 61.4% 5,925 34.4% 3,321 4.3% 412
1996 50.9% 5,007 36.1% 3,552 13.0% 1,276
1992 37.4% 3,699 30.0% 2,968 32.5% 3,216
1988 56.4% 4,777 42.4% 3,592 1.1% 96
1984 70.6% 6,284 28.4% 2,523 1.0% 92
1980 62.7% 5,525 31.0% 2,726 6.3% 557
1976 55.5% 4,760 42.1% 3,607 2.5% 211
1972 72.7% 6,011 24.9% 2,056 2.4% 200
1968 59.2% 4,875 30.6% 2,524 10.2% 840
1964 45.3% 3,725 53.6% 4,410 1.1% 86
1960 68.2% 6,158 31.3% 2,824 0.5% 47
1956 71.4% 6,557 28.2% 2,591 0.4% 33
1952 72.9% 6,983 26.4% 2,532 0.7% 69
1948 58.2% 5,145 39.3% 3,467 2.5% 222
1944 64.7% 5,375 34.7% 2,880 0.7% 55
1940 63.8% 6,393 35.4% 3,542 0.9% 85
1936 57.0% 6,007 42.7% 4,503 0.3% 28
1932 50.2% 4,887 48.1% 4,690 1.7% 165
1928 78.4% 7,346 20.8% 1,951 0.8% 73
1924 67.1% 6,008 25.9% 2,324 7.0% 628
1920 65.2% 5,216 32.6% 2,606 2.3% 183
1916 45.2% 3,885 48.0% 4,128 6.8% 588
1912 13.8% 672 40.3% 1,970 46.0% 2,247[a]
1908 52.7% 2,658 42.8% 2,155 4.5% 227
1904 62.8% 2,855 28.8% 1,310 8.3% 378
1900 51.6% 2,872 46.8% 2,605 1.7% 94
1896 44.9% 2,609 54.3% 3,152 0.8% 49
1892 46.1% 2,209 53.9% 2,587
1888 50.5% 2,422 23.2% 1,113 26.3% 1,264

Laws[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1994, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[15]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

  • West Franklin USD 287
  • Central Heights USD 288
  • Wellsville USD 289
  • Ottawa USD 290

Colleges and universities[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Franklin County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated places[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Townships[edit]

Franklin County is divided into sixteen townships. The city of Ottawa is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Appanoose 02075 293 4 (10) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.10% 38°41′57″N 95°27′17″W / 38.69917°N 95.45472°W / 38.69917; -95.45472 (Appanoose Township)
Centropolis 12475 997 9 (25) 105 (41) 0 (0) 0.34% 38°41′7″N 95°21′29″W / 38.68528°N 95.35806°W / 38.68528; -95.35806 (Centropolis Township)
Cutler 16900 Rantoul 856 8 (20) 111 (43) 1 (0) 0.68% 38°31′33″N 95°6′56″W / 38.52583°N 95.11556°W / 38.52583; -95.11556 (Cutler Township)
Franklin 24375 Wellsville 2,552 28 (72) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.52% 38°42′34″N 95°5′38″W / 38.70944°N 95.09389°W / 38.70944; -95.09389 (Franklin Township)
Greenwood 28750 429 5 (14) 79 (30) 0 (0) 0.08% 38°33′39″N 95°26′35″W / 38.56083°N 95.44306°W / 38.56083; -95.44306 (Greenwood Township)
Harrison 30300 445 6 (16) 71 (27) 1 (0) 0.84% 38°34′20″N 95°13′2″W / 38.57222°N 95.21722°W / 38.57222; -95.21722 (Harrison Township)
Hayes 30925 397 5 (13) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.36% 38°42′17″N 95°13′51″W / 38.70472°N 95.23083°W / 38.70472; -95.23083 (Hayes Township)
Homewood 33000 493 6 (16) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.26% 38°30′53″N 95°23′28″W / 38.51472°N 95.39111°W / 38.51472; -95.39111 (Homewood Township)
Lincoln 40700 797 10 (26) 78 (30) 0 (0) 0.31% 38°34′8″N 95°18′33″W / 38.56889°N 95.30917°W / 38.56889; -95.30917 (Lincoln Township)
Ohio 52350 Princeton 783 7 (19) 108 (42) 1 (0) 1.05% 38°29′14″N 95°16′32″W / 38.48722°N 95.27556°W / 38.48722; -95.27556 (Ohio Township)
Ottawa 53575 868 8 (20) 111 (43) 0 (0) 0.33% 38°38′21″N 95°16′5″W / 38.63917°N 95.26806°W / 38.63917; -95.26806 (Ottawa Township)
Peoria 55425 626 7 (18) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 38°36′32″N 95°7′45″W / 38.60889°N 95.12917°W / 38.60889; -95.12917 (Peoria Township)
Pomona 57025 Pomona 1,174 22 (56) 54 (21) 0 (0) 0.30% 38°36′40″N 95°27′24″W / 38.61111°N 95.45667°W / 38.61111; -95.45667 (Pomona Township)
Pottawatomie 57225 Lane 669 7 (17) 101 (39) 0 (0) 0.46% 38°26′14″N 95°6′32″W / 38.43722°N 95.10889°W / 38.43722; -95.10889 (Pottawatomie Township)
Richmond 59700 Richmond 812 9 (23) 91 (35) 0 (0) 0.50% 38°24′19″N 95°15′22″W / 38.40528°N 95.25611°W / 38.40528; -95.25611 (Richmond Township)
Williamsburg 79325 Williamsburg 672 5 (12) 145 (56) 1 (1) 0.95% 38°27′33″N 95°27′43″W / 38.45917°N 95.46194°W / 38.45917; -95.46194 (Williamsburg Township)
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on August 2, 2002.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ https://www.marc.org/Data-Economy/Metrodataline/General-Information/Statistical-Areas
  4. ^ "Statistical Areas". Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  5. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 680.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 131.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  15. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.
Notes
  1. ^ This total comprises 1,971 votes (40.31 percent) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt (who carried the county) and 276 votes (5.65 percent) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Historical
Maps

Coordinates: 38°35′N 95°17′W / 38.583°N 95.283°W / 38.583; -95.283