|Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Parry Sound—Muskoka
|Preceded by||Andy Mitchell|
|President of the Treasury Board|
18 May 2011
|Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|Preceded by||Stockwell Day|
|Minister of Health|
February 6, 2006 – October 30, 2008
|Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|Preceded by||Ujjal Dosanjh|
|Succeeded by||Leona Aglukkaq|
|Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario|
6 February 2006 – 15 July 2013
|Prime Minister||Stephen Harper|
|Preceded by||Andy Mitchell|
|Succeeded by||Greg Rickford|
|Born||Tony Peter Panayi
January 27, 1961
Manchester, United Kingdom
|Spouse(s)||Lynne Golding; 3 children|
|Residence||Port Sydney, Ontario|
|Alma mater||University of Toronto|
|Profession||Politician, lawyer, small business owner|
Moving to federal politics, he was a candidate for the leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada after its formation from the merger of the Progressive Conservative and Canadian Alliance parties in 2003. He lost to Stephen Harper. Clement won the seat of Parry Sound—Muskoka in the 2006 federal election, defeating incumbent Liberal cabinet minister Andy Mitchell. The Conservatives formed government in the election and Clement was appointed Minister of Health and Minister for FedNor. FedNor is an initiative with a mandate to aid rural communities in Northern Ontario. Projects so far include a $2.7 million gas pipeline to the Goldcorp mines in Red Lake.
Early life and career
Clement was born Tony Peter Panayi in Manchester, England, the son of Carol (née Drapkin) and Peter Panayi. His father was a Greek Cypriot and his mother was Jewish (part of her family had immigrated from Aleppo, Syria). He emigrated to Canada in childhood with his parents when he was four years old. His parents divorced and his mother married Ontario politician John Clement, who adopted Tony.
As a student at the University of Toronto, he was elected twice, both as an undergraduate and as a law student, to the university's Governing Council. He was also president of the campus Progressive Conservatives. He first attracted the attention of the media in 1986 when he created a new society to invite the Ambassador of South Africa, Glenn Babb after the International Law Society had withdrawn an invitation, deeming it too controversial because of the issue of apartheid. Clement argued in favour of inviting Babb on the grounds of free speech. An attempt by four law professors for a court injunction barring "any representative of the Republic of South Africa to expound, explain or otherwise to solicit public support for his Government's policy of apartheid" was rejected by the court.
Clement is married to Lynne Golding, a partner specializing in health law at the international law firm, Fasken Martineau DuMoulin.
Clement became president of the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario in 1990 and was a close ally of then-party leader Mike Harris. He ran, unsuccessfully, for Metro Toronto Council in 1994, losing to future mayor David Miller in the ward of Parkdale-High Park. He served as Harris' Assistant Principal Secretary from 1992 to 1995 and played a leading role in drafting policy directives for the Common Sense Revolution.
In provincial politics
Clement was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Ontario in the provincial election of 1995, defeating incumbent Liberal Bob Callahan by over 6,000 votes in the riding of Brampton South. After serving as a Parliamentary Assistant for two years, he was appointed Minister of Transportation on October 10, 1997. He also represented the Progressive Conservative government on a variety of televised discussion panels, gaining the reputation of a rising star in the party.
Clement was returned in the provincial election of 1999 in the new riding of Brampton West—Mississauga, defeating Liberal candidate Vic Dhillon by over 8,000 votes. He was promoted to Minister of the Environment on June 17, 1999, and served in this capacity until May 3, 2000. In this role, he implemented the program known as Ontario's Drive Clean, which mandated periodic emissions tests on vehicles in southern Ontario.
Clement was appointed Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing on October 25, 1999, and held this position until February 8, 2001.
On February 8, 2001, Clement was appointed Minister of Health and Long-Term Care. He initiated primary care reform, oversaw the implementation of Telehealth Ontario (a toll-free health information line staffed by registered nurses) and expanded Ontario's hospitals system. Clement also entered into a public-private partnership for a hospital redevelopment in Brampton. Throughout his term, his supporters launded him as an innovative and effective administrator. However, during this time there were multiple protests from the health care community. Public servants, and citizens from Brampton, organized in public outcry against him. Crowds of protesters called out chants of "rat-boy" against him. His telehealth system has been involved in scandal since.
Clement ran for leadership in the 2002 Ontario Progressive Conservative Party leadership election and finished third on the first ballot. Clement then placed his support behind victorious candidate Ernie Eves on the second ballot. When Eves became Premier, he kept Clement in the Health portfolio.
Clement was especially prominent when Toronto suffered an outbreak of SARS in the summer of 2003, travelling to Geneva in a successful bid to urge the World Health Organization to lift a travel ban to Canada's largest city.
The Eves government was defeated in the 2003 provincial election, and Clement was unexpectedly defeated by Vic Dhillon by about 2,500 votes in a rematch of 1999. Clement afterwards worked as a counsel for Bennett Jones LLP. He also was a small business owner and a visiting professor at the University of Toronto Faculty of Law.
Clement first became prominent in federal politics in 2000, sitting on the steering committee for the United Alternative. This initiative was meant to provide a framework for the Reform Party and Progressive Conservative Party to unite under a single banner. It did not accomplish this end, but nonetheless led to the formation of the Canadian Alliance later that year; Clement served as the Alliance's founding president.
Soon after the 2003 provincial election, Clement declared himself a candidate for the leadership of the new Conservative Party of Canada. His support base was undercut by the candidacy of Belinda Stronach, however, and he placed third in the party's leadership vote, while Stephen Harper emerged as the winner.
For his second attempt to win a seat in the Canadian House of Commons, in the 2006 campaign, he switched to the Parry Sound—Muskoka riding. On election night, he was declared winner by 21 votes. Upon conclusion of the judicial recount, Clement was found to have defeated Mitchell by 28 votes: 18,513-18,485. On February 6, 2006, Clement was appointed as Minister of Health by Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
Clement has pledged to extend an existing measure to require disclosure of meetings by only registered lobbyists with lower-level government officials who have decision-making power.
Minister of Health
Some of Clement's initiatives included announcing a national strategy on autism, working towards establishing Canada's first Patient Wait Times Guarantees, and investing in faster, more effective and safer health information systems across Canada for Canadians.
One of Clement's first initiatives as Minister of Health was establishing the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer, an independent not-for-profit organization committed to combating this disease and improve patient quality of life.
In 2006, Clement launched the Public Health Scholarship and Capacity Building Initiative — on-going scholarships supporting public health training and positions across Canada. Furthermore in 2006, he announced the $1-billion compensation package for pre-1986/post-1990 forgotten victims of the tainted blood scandal, who were neglected in the 1998 settlement agreement.
Clement also played a key role in launching the Chemical Management Plan, which the Conservative government claimed "made Canada a world leader in chemical management". "We have established clear priorities and now we are taking action to protect the health of Canadians," said Clement. Further, the government claimed "Canada was the first nation in the world to take action to prohibit the importation, sale and advertising of baby bottles that contain BPA".
On September 29, 2007, the CBC reported Clement's new strategy to combat the growing drug abuse problem in Canada. "The party is over" for illicit drug users, he announced, with the new policy aiming towards widespread arrest of drug users, in contrast to the old strategy of targeting dealers. Over 130 physicians and scientists signed a petition condemning the Conservative government's "potentially deadly" misrepresentation of the positive evidence for harm reduction programs. Clement stated that governments in Canada have been sending the wrong message about drug use, and he wanted to clear up the mixed messages going out on illicit drugs.
Also in 2007, Clement launched the new Canada's Food Guide, the first update in 15 years incorporating the most up-to-date information based on current nutritional science and a new interactive web section.
Minister of Industry
Shortly after becoming Industry Minister, Clement launched the Knowledge Infrastructure Program, a two-year $2-billion measure that supported infrastructure enhancement at post-secondary institutions across Canada.
In conjunction with the US and Ontario governments, Clement worked closely on the restructuring of GM and Chrysler. Following the successful restructuring, he stated that the companies "will now be in a position to operate a sustainable and viable business that will keep production, innovation and jobs in Canada." Furthermore, he said, "This is good news for Canadian auto workers, the Canadian auto parts supply chain and for Canadian consumers. Moving forward, the Government of Canada will continue to work toward strengthening our country's auto industry, while exercising rigorous oversight of taxpayer money."
In the summer of 2010, Clement introduced changes to the 2011 Census. On this issue, he said, "The government will retain the mandatory short form that will collect basic demographic information. To meet the need for additional information, and to respect the privacy wishes of Canadians, the government has introduced the voluntary National Household Survey (NHS)." The change sparked significant criticism, including the resignation of Statistics Canada's Chief Statistician (see Voluntary long-form survey controversy). Other changes included the addition of questions about the languages spoken by Canadians.
On November 14, 2010, Australia's BHP Billiton withdrew its hostile $39-billion offer for Saskatchewan's Potash Corporation. At a news conference following the withdrawal, Clement explained that of the six Investment Canada Act guidelines that determine if an investment has a "net benefit", he said BHP's bid failed to meet three of them. Clement said the Government felt the takeover would not have a beneficial effect on Canada's competitiveness in world markets.
In January 2011, Clement spoke out against a ruling of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) which allowed usage-based billing for wholesale clients and smaller internet service providers. Citing concerns about how the change could adversely affect consumers, small businesses and entrepreneurs, he warned that if they did not revise the decision, the government would intervene. The CRTC subsequently initiated its own review of the ruling, and ultimately reversed its decision.
In the lead-up to the 2010 G8 summit, Clement was involved in directing $50 million of border security money for largely unrelated projects in his own riding, a practice commonly known as "pork barrelling". Auditor-General Sheila Fraser issued a report criticizing the Minister for breaking the rules and "complained that there was no paperwork to determine how the hundreds of proposals" for spending were narrowed to the 32 that were ultimately approved. Clement subsequently admitted that this process was not subject to the oversight that it should have been.
President of the Treasury Board
Shortly after the May 2, 2011 election, Clement was appointed as the President of the Treasury Board, a position of wide-ranging authority and oversight. Consistent with the Conservative Party of Canada's election platform, Clement has been tasked with leading a government-wide spending review, with the goal of finding ways to contain government spending.
On November 2, 2013, Clement backed a motion at the Conservative Party national convention that advocated clawing back public-sector pay and benefits. At the convention he vowed, as the minister responsible for negotiations with the civil service, to "alter the dynamics of collective bargaining as it has been done in this country over the last few decades".
On December 22, 2014, Clement was quoted by the Canadian Press as saying that government deliberately withholds public data because people using the information might "create havoc" by altering the contents.
Minister responsible for the Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario
On February 6, 2006, in addition to being appointed Minister of Health, Tony Clement was also appointed Minister responsible for FedNor (Federal Economic Development Initiative for Northern Ontario). Clement held the FedNor portfolio until July 2013. FedNor invests in projects that support community economic development, business growth and competitiveness, and innovation; FedNor's goal is to encourage economic growth, diversification, job creation and self-reliant communities in northern Ontario.
Between February 2006 and January 2012, FedNor approved $398 million in support of 1,742 projects, which leveraged an additional $614 million from other sources. During this same period, FedNor also approved $11 million towards 364 youth internships, with close to two-thirds of these interns finding employment following their internship. Of the total funding from February 2006 to January 2012, $44 million went toward 300 tourism-related projects, which included over 70 youth internships.
FedNor projects include some of the following:
Dryden - The Corporation of The City of Dryden -To expand Dryden's industrial park and the Norwill subdivision (acquisition and clearing of land, construction of an access road, and expansion of municipal services). $1,470,000
Eagle Lake - Eagle Lake First Nation -To prepare the First Nation for the development of one of two proposed wood processing plants for the Two Feathers Forest Products Initiative. Project Cancelled on January 27, 2011
Parry Sound - The Corporation of the Town of Parry Sound - To expand municipal services to accommodate the announced $6.2-million construction of an expanded Parry Sound Canadore College campus. $1,290,000
FedNor is committed to supporting tourism in northern Ontario. Tourism funding is focused on:
- Increasing the awareness of this region as a premier tourism destination;
- Encouraging product development and investments in northern Ontario's tourism assets and products by supporting new and expanding festivals and events, and developing niche tourism products (e.g., authentic Aboriginal, francophone, motorcycling touring routes);
- Fostering an adequate supply of skills and labour to enhance visitor experiences.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Canadian Who's Who 2001 - Elizabeth Lumley. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- Paikin, Steve (2001). The life: the seductive call of politics. Viking. p. 136. ISBN 0670892238.
- Brennan, Richard; Stuparyk, Michael (January 4, 2002). "Conservative to his roots". Toronto Star. p. J03.
- Thomas Claridge (January 16, 1986). "Court rejects ban on South Africa ambassador's speech". Globe and Mail. p. A20.
- Sommers, Tyler. "Rabble.ca - Clement's Lobbying Act proposed changes allow secret, unethical lobbying". Rabble.ca. Rabble.ca. Retrieved September 20, 2012.
- "Canadian Partnership Against Cancer". Pm.gc.ca. 2011-03-10. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Public Health Scholarship and Capacity Building Initiative - Workforce Development Products and Tools Contribution Program - Grant and Contribution Funding Opportunities for 2011-2012". Phac-aspc.gc.ca. 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Key Characteristics of the pre-1986/post-1990 Hepatitis C Final Settlement Agreement". Hc-sc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Canada's New Government improves protection against hazardous chemicals". Pm.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Canada's Chemicals Management Plan". Hc-sc.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- The Canadian Press (September 29, 2007). "Tories plan get-tough national drug strategy". The Canadian Press.
- "Economy is priority, PM says after shuffling cabinet". CTV News. 2008-10-30. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
- "Minister of Industry Launches $2-Billion Knowledge Infrastructure Program". Ic.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Government of Canada Congratulates General Motors on Successful Court-Supervised Restructuring". Ic.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Statement on 2011 Census". Ic.gc.ca. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "Statement by the Minister of Industry, Tony Clement, Regarding Changes to the 2011 Census of population". archive.org. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
- brenda bouw, tim kiladze AND steven chase. "BHP withdraws Potash bid". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2012-02-14.
- "CRTC offers compromise on usage-based billing". cbc.ca. 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2013-11-04.
- Galloway, Gloria. "'Bucked stopped with me'...". Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- Wingrove, Josh. "Union battles loom after Tories push to overhaul labour laws". The Globe & Mail. Retrieved Nov 4, 2013.
- Profile at Parliament of Canada
- Tony Clement – Parliament of Canada biography
- Speeches, votes and activity at OpenParliament.ca
- Archival papers held at University of Toronto Archives and Records Management Services
|28th Ministry – Cabinet of Stephen Harper|
|Cabinet Posts (3)|
|Stockwell Day||President of the Treasury Board
|Jim Prentice||Minister of Industry
|Ujjal Dosanjh||Minister of Health
|Provincial Government of Ernie Eves|
|Cabinet Post (1)|
|Continued from the Harris Ministry||Minister of Health and Long-Term Care
|Provincial Government of Mike Harris|
|Cabinet Posts (4)|
|Elizabeth Witmer||Minister of Health and Long-Term Care
|Continued into the Eves Ministry|
|Steve Gilchrist||Minister of Municipal Affairs and Housing
|Norman Sterling||Minister of the Environment
|Al Palladini||Minister of Transportation