Office of the Prime Minister (Canada)
|Cabinet du Premier minister|
Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building in 2013, when it was known as the Langevin Block
|Formed||July 1, 1867|
|Headquarters||Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building, Ottawa, Ontario|
|Annual budget||$10,050,503 (2020–2021)|
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The Prime Minister's Office (PMO; French: Cabinet du Premier minister; CPM) is the political arm of the staff housed in the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council building that supports the role of the prime minister of Canada. Its staff provides provision of policy advice, information gathering, communications, planning, and strategizing. It should not be confused with the Privy Council Office (PCO), which is the top office that controls the Public Service of Canada and is expressly non-partisan. The PMO is concerned with making policy, whereas the PCO is concerned with executing the policy decisions made by the government.
Officially titled the Office of the Prime Minister, the organization is widely referred to as the Prime Minister's Office and although the latter rendering of the name is completely unofficial, the office's English abbreviation is always given as PMO as opposed to OPM. (In French, the PMO is known as the Cabinet du Premier minister and abbreviated as CPM, or often literally translated as Bureau du Premier Ministre, abbreviated as BPM.)
Unlike similar offices such as 10 Downing Street, the White House and even Rideau Hall, the Canadian prime minister's official residence of 24 Sussex Drive is not widely used as a metonym for the Prime Minister's Office. This is because, unlike those examples, the Canadian prime minister's official residence is not the site of any bureaucratic functions.
The PMO includes speech writers, strategists, and communications staffers who shape the prime minister's and Cabinet's message as well as keeping the prime minister informed on events that take place in government and across the country. They also act as a link between the political party organization and the government.
One of the most important roles of the PMO is related to government appointments, which are made on the advice of the prime minister. Thus, the PMO works with the Privy Council Office to aid in finding suitable candidates for the prime minister to put forward to the Crown for appointment to positions such as the federal governor general and provincial lieutenant governors, senators, Supreme Court justices, chairpersons of ministerial boards, heads of Crown corporations, and more.
After Jean Chrétien became Prime Minister, the PMO continued to be the central organ of the government. Chrétien greatly depended upon the PMO, especially his chief of staff, Jean Pelletier, who ran the office from 1993 to 2001, Percy Downe, who served as his director of appointments from 1998 to 2001 and chief of staff from 2001 to 2003, and his senior advisor, Eddie Goldenberg, who had spent his entire career working with Chrétien in various ministries. Chrétien's successor, Paul Martin, changed the structure of the PMO to more match that of the Executive Office of the President of the United States. For example, he introduced deputy chiefs of staff, who were responsible for areas such as communications and policy; re-established the position of director in the offices of the other ministers of the Crown, positions that were previously known as special assistants; and re-established the position of principal secretary, which had originally been created by Trudeau. Martin further, and significantly, increased the salary of the PMO's staff.
This model was largely retained by Martin's successor Stephen Harper, despite the recommendations of John Gomery following his investigation into the sponsorship scandal, when he concluded that the power of the PMO should be reduced. "The most troubling facts were that this aberration originated in the Prime Minister's Office in the first place and was allowed to continue for so long, despite internal audit reports, investigations, warnings and complaints by public servants involved in the actual contracts in question," Gomery said at a news conference.
- Secretariat, Treasury Board of Canada; Open Government, Treasury Board Secretariat of Canada. "Expenditures of Ministers' Offices". open.canada.ca. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
- "globeandmail.com: Slash power of PMO, Gomery urges". v1.theglobeandmail.com. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- J.E. Hodgetts "Prime Minister's Office The Canadian Encyclopedia.
- McMenemy, John. "Prime Minister's Office." The Language of Canadian Politics.
- Eddie Goldenberg, The Way It Works pages 40 to 45.