Ugocsa County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ugocsa County
Comitatus Ugotsensis  (Latin)
Ugocsa vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Ugotsch  (German)
Комітат Уґоча  (Rusyn)
Comitatul Ugocea  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Ugocsa

Coat of arms

Location of Ugocsa
Capital Nagyszőllős
48°8′N 23°2′E / 48.133°N 23.033°E / 48.133; 23.033Coordinates: 48°8′N 23°2′E / 48.133°N 23.033°E / 48.133; 23.033
History
 •  Established 1876
 •  Treaty of Trianon June 4, 1920
Area
 •  1910 1,213 km2 (468 sq mi)
Population
 •  1910 91,755 
Density 75.6 /km2  (195.9 /sq mi)
Today part of  Ukraine
 Romania
Vynohradiv is the current name of the capital.

Ugocsa was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania (1/4) and western Ukraine (3/4). The capital of the county was Nagy-Szőllős (Vynohradiv Ukrainian,Sevlush in Rusyn, Vinogradov in Russian).

Geography[edit]

Map of Ugocsa county

Ugocsa county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Máramaros, Szatmár and Bereg. It was situated on both sides of the river Tisza. Its area was 1208 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon most of the county (including Nagy-Szőllős) became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The southern part (including Halmi, Halmeu in Romanian language) became part of Romania except from 1940 until the end of the World War II when it was returned to Hungary by the Second Vienna Award.

In 1938, the western part of the former Czechoslovak part was returned to Hungary by the First Vienna Award and after, in 1939 the rest became part of Hungary when the remainder of Carpathian Ruthenia was annexed after Czechoslovakia ceased to exist. The county Ugocsa was recreated, again with Nagy-Szőllős as capital.

After World War II, the formerly Czechoslovak part of Ugocsa county became part of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Zakarpattia Oblast. Since 1991, when the Soviet Union split up, the Zakarpattia Oblast is part of Ukraine.

The southern part of the county is now part of the Romanian county Satu Mare.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 83,316 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).

In 1910, the county had a population of 91,755 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Ugocsa county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Tiszáninnen Nagyszőllős, UA Vynohradiv
Tiszántúl Halmi, RO Halmeu

Vynohradiv is now in Ukraine; Halmeu is now in Romania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.