United Kingdom weather records

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The United Kingdom weather records note the most extreme weather ever recorded in the United Kingdom, such as the most and fewest hours of sunshine and highest wind speed.

Records[edit]

Records for the United Kingdom were first recorded in 1841[1]. As of 29 July 2019, the records as recorded since by the Met Office were:[2]


Highest temperature[edit]

°C °F Location Date
England 38.7 101.7 Cambridge, Cambridgeshire 25 July 2019[3]
Wales 35.2 95.4 Hawarden Bridge, Flintshire 2 August 1990
Scotland 32.9 91.2 Greycrook, Scottish Borders 9 August 2003
Northern Ireland 30.8 87.4 Knockarevan, County Fermanagh 30 June 1976
Shaw's Bridge, Belfast, County Antrim 12 July 1983

Lowest temperature[edit]

°C °F Location Date
Scotland –27.2 –17.0 Braemar, Aberdeenshire 11 February 1895 and 10 January 1982
Altnaharra, Sutherland 30 December 1995
England –26.1 –15.0 Newport, Shropshire 11 January 1982
Wales –23.3 –9.9 Rhayader, Radnorshire 21 January 1940
Northern Ireland –18.7 –1.6 Castlederg, County Tyrone 24 December 2010

Rainfall[edit]

Duration Level Location Date
Highest 5-min total approx. 32 mm (1.3 in) Preston, Lancashire 10 August 1893
Highest 30-min total 80 mm (3.1 in) Eskdalemuir, Dumfries and Galloway[4] 26 June 1953
Highest 60-min total 92 mm (3.6 in) Maidenhead, Berkshire 12 July 1901
Highest 90-min total 117 mm (4.6 in) Dunsop Valley, Lancashire 8 August 1967
Highest 120-min total 193 mm (7.6 in)[5] Walshaw Dean Lodge, West Yorkshire 19 May 1989
Highest 155-min total 169 mm (6.7 in) Hampstead, London 14 August 1975
Highest 180-min total 178 mm (7.0 in) Horncastle, Lincolnshire 7 October 1960
Highest 24-hour total (1800-1800) 341.4 mm (13.44 in) Honister Pass, Cumbria 5 December 2015
Highest 24-hour total (0900-0900) 279 mm (11.0 in) Martinstown, Dorset 18 July 1955
Highest 48-hour total (0900-0900) 405 mm (15.9 in) Thirlmere, Cumbria 4 to 5 December 2015
Highest 72-hour total (0900-0900) 456.4 mm (17.97 in) Seathwaite, Cumbria 17 to 19 November 2009
Highest 96-hour total (0900-0900) 495 mm (19.5 in) Seathwaite, Cumbria 16 to 19 November 2009
Highest monthly total 1,396.4 mm (54.98 in) Crib Goch, Snowdon 1 to 31 December 2015

Sunshine[edit]

Duration Location Date
Highest monthly total (England)[6] 383.9 hours Eastbourne, Sussex July 1911
Highest monthly total (Northern Ireland)[6] 298 hours Mount Stewart, County Down June 1940
Highest monthly total (Scotland)[6] 329.1 hours Tiree, Argyll & Bute May 1975
Highest monthly total (Wales)[6] 354.3 hours Dale Fort, Pembrokeshire July 1955

Wind speed[edit]

Ground Level Wind Speed Location Date
mph km/h knots
Low level 142 228 123 Fraserburgh, Aberdeenshire 13 February 1989
High level 173 278 150 Cairn Gorm 20 March 1986

Shetland holds the unofficial British record for wind speed, which in 1962 was recorded at 177 mph (285 km/h) at RAF Saxa Vord.[7]


Snowfall[edit]

Amount Location Date
Highest daily total in an inhabited area[8] 173 cm (68 in) Huntingdon Warren, Dartmoor, England 16 February 1929
Greatest depth in an inhabited area[9] 211 cm (83 in) Forest-in-Teesdale, County Durham, England 14 March 1947

Atmospheric pressure[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Knapton, Sarah (24 July 2019). "Britain facing hottest day since records began as 39C forecast for Thursday". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  2. ^ "UK climate extremes". Met Office. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Hottest UK day on record confirmed". BBC News. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 31 December 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ The UK Met Office expresses "reservations" about 193 mm on 19 May 1989 at Walshaw Dean Lodge (West Yorkshire)
  6. ^ a b c d "National Meteorological Library and Archive Factsheet 9 — Weather extremes" (PDF). Met Office. p. 16. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  7. ^ "Unst". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 12 January 2010.
  8. ^ "Trevor Harley monthly weather extremes for the UK". Trevor Harley. p. 1. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  9. ^ https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/weather/4434770/Snow-Britain-Wrong-kind-of-snow-strikes-again.html