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City of Bairat/Viratnagar as seen from Bairat Temple.
City of Bairat/Viratnagar as seen from Bairat Temple.
Bairat is located in India
Bairat is located in Rajasthan
Coordinates: 27°25′59″N 76°10′54″E / 27.433189°N 76.181591°E / 27.433189; 76.181591Coordinates: 27°25′59″N 76°10′54″E / 27.433189°N 76.181591°E / 27.433189; 76.181591
430 m (1,410 ft)
 • Total17,237
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN

Bairat (ancient Viratnagar) is a town in northern Jaipur district of Rajasthan, India. It is located 52 km north of Jaipur, and 66 km west of Alwar.


Bairat was a part of the Mauryan Empire. The ruins of the Bijak-ki-pahadi (Bairat Temple), a Buddhist Chaitya (chapel) from the 3rd century BCE located in Bairat, are the oldest free-standing Buddhist structures in India.[1] The town is also home to ruins of a Buddhist monastery,[2] a wood and timber shrine, and two rock-cut edicts (Bairat Edict and Bhabru Edict) from Emperor Ashoka; these date from the Mauryan period (circa 250 BCE). However, Akhnoor, a town in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is also considered by many as the ancient Virat Nagar.[3][4]

The town has a number of Mughal structures, including a Chhatri (cenotaph) with some of the earliest surviving murals in Rajasthan, and a lodge where the Mughal emperor Akbar hunted and stayed overnight on his yearly pilgrimage to Ajmer.[5]

The town's Viratnagar Museum houses artifacts from Bairat's long history, including sculptures, coins, pottery, seals and metal objects.

The town was once a thriving Buddhist center of learning and civilization as evidenced by the Buddhist stupa sites found on the hills close by.

The town is home to the 16th century[citation needed] Keshav Rai temple.


Bairat is located at 27°27′N 76°11′E / 27.45°N 76.18°E / 27.45; 76.18.[6] It has an average elevation of 430 m (1,410 ft).

The Banganga River originates from a nearby village, Mair.

Strange Stone formations[edit]

Bairat has some very strange and naturally formed rocks and boulders which resemble animals or human skulls. More research may be needed to determine if there is no human intervention in creating the same.


At the 2001 census, Viratnagar had a population of 17,237. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Bairat had an average literacy rate of 50%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy was 65%, and female literacy was 34%. 20% of the population was under 6 years of age.[7]


  1. ^ Viratnagar in archives & archaeology: India's perennial city, Sī. Ela Śarmā, Malti Prakashan, 1997
  2. ^ A Tryst with History at Viratnagar, Florine Roche, 3 December 2012,
  3. ^ Brara, Sarita (10 August 2013). "Akhnoor: Caught in a time warp". The Hindu. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  4. ^ Official Web Site of Akhnoor Sub-Division (J&K)
  5. ^ The Early Rajput Murals of Bairat (c. AD 1587) H. Goetz, Ars Orientalis Vol. 1, (1954), pp. 113-118
  6. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bairat". Retrieved 2012-06-05.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.