Volcanic Eifel

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Weinfelder Maar or Totenmaar, one of three maars near Daun.
Tephra layers in a quarry near Weibern in the Brohl Valley

The Volcanic Eifel or Vulkan Eifel (German: Vulkaneifel) is a region in the Eifel Mountains in Germany, that is defined to a large extent by its volcanic geological history. Characteristic of this volcanic field are its typical explosion crater lakes or maars, and numerous other signs of volcanic activity such as volcanic tuffs, lava streams and volcanic craters like the Laacher See. The Volcanic Eifel is still volcanically active today. One sign of this activity is the escaping gases, for example, in the Laacher See.

Geographical location[edit]

The Wingertsbergwand gives an idea of the amount of volcanic ash ejected during the outbreak of the Laacher See - volcano.

The Volcanic Eifel stretches from the Rhine to the Wittlich Depression. It is bordered in the south and southwest by the South Eifel, in the west by the Luxembourg and Belgian Ardennes and in the north by the North Eifel including the Hohes Venn. To the east the Rhine forms its geographical boundary; with no volcanicity immediately beyond it.

The Volcanic Eifel is divided into three natural regions:

The centre of the Volcanic Eifel is the region around Daun and Manderscheid and the areas within the Mayen-Koblenz district.

The landscape of the Volcanic Eifel is dominated by recent volcanism. Volcanic craters, thick pumice and basalt layers and maars create a diverse landscape, that clearly witnesses to very recent events in geological terms.

The entire Volcanic Eifel covers an area of about 2000 km² and as of 2007 has a population of about 200,000.


The following volcanoes belong to the Eifel, sorted by height in metres (m) above sea level (Normalhöhennull, NHN)[1]:

See also: List of mountains and hills of the Eifel

Geopark and museums[edit]

Future eruptions?[edit]

There is thought that future eruptions may occur in the Eifel, as:[2][3]


  1. ^ GeoViewer of the Federal Office of Geoscience and Resources (Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe)
  2. ^ Is there still volcanic activity in the Eifel?
  3. ^ Germany: a danger of volcanic eruptions?

Further reading[edit]

  • Werner P. D’hein: Vulkanland Eifel. Natur- und Kulturführer, mit 26 Stationen der „Deutschen Vulkanstraße“. Gaasterland Verlag, Düsseldorf 2006, ISBN 3-935873-15-8, ISBN 978-3-935873-15-4
  • Wilhelm Meyer: Geologie der Eifel. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart 1986. ISBN 3-510-65127-8
  • Hans-Ulrich Schmincke (2000). Vulkanismus. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. ISBN 978-3-534-17471-3.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°17′N 7°00′E / 50.283°N 7.000°E / 50.283; 7.000