Woody Strode in The Italian Connection (1972)
|Date of birth||July 25, 1914|
|Place of birth||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Date of death||December 31, 1994(aged 80)|
|Place of death||Glendora, California, U.S.|
|1946||Los Angeles Rams|
|Career highlights and awards|
|CFL All-Star||1948, 1949|
|Honors||1948 – Grey Cup Champion|
Woodrow Wilson Woolwine "Woody" Strode (July 25, 1914 – December 31, 1994) was an African American decathlete and football star who went on to become a film actor. He was nominated for a Golden Globe award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Spartacus in 1960. He served in the United States Army during World War II.
Early life and athletic career
Strode was born in Los Angeles, California. He attended Thomas Jefferson High School in South East Los Angeles and college at UCLA, where he was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. His world-class decathlon capabilities were spearheaded by a 50 ft (15 m) plus shot put (when the world record was 57 ft (17 m)) and a 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) high jump (the world record at time was 6 ft 10 in (2.08 m)). Strode posed for a nude portrait, part of Hubert Stowitts's acclaimed exhibition of athletic portraits shown at the 1936 Berlin Olympics (although the inclusion of black and Jewish athletes caused the Nazis to close the exhibit).
Strode, Kenny Washington and Jackie Robinson starred on the 1939 UCLA Bruins football team, in which they made up three of the four backfield players. Along with Ray Bartlett, there were four African-Americans playing for the Bruins, when only a few dozen at all played on other college football teams. They played eventual conference and national champion Southern Cal to a 0–0 tie with the 1940 Rose Bowl on the line. It was the first UCLA–USC rivalry football game with national implications.
When World War II broke out, Strode was playing for the Hollywood Bears Football team but soon joined the United States Army Air Corps and spent the war unloading bombs in Guam and the Marianas, as well as playing on the Army football team at March Field in Riverside, California. After the war, he worked at serving subpoenas and escorting prisoners for the LA County District Attorney's Office before being signed, briefly, to the Los Angeles Rams along with Kenny Washington. They were the first African-American players to play in the NFL for many years. When out on the road with the team, Strode had his first experience with racism, something he wasn't aware of growing up in Los Angeles. "We were unconscious of color. We used to sit in the best seats at the Cocoanut Grove listening to Donald Novis sing. If someone said, "there's a Negro over there,' I was just as apt as anyone to turn around and say 'Where?' I had a black principal in my grammar school when I was a kid. On the Pacific Coast there wasn't anything we couldn't do. As we got out of the L.A. area we found these racial tensions. Hell, we thought we were white."
Strode and fellow UCLA alumnus Kenny Washington were two of the first African-Americans to play in major college programs and later the modern National Football League, playing for the Los Angeles Rams in 1946. No black men had played in the NFL from 1933 to 1946. UCLA teammate Jackie Robinson would go on to break the color barrier in Major League baseball (in fact, all three had played in the semi-professional Pacific Coast Professional Football League earlier in the decade). He played for two seasons with the Calgary Stampeders of the Western Interprovincial Football Union in Canada, where he was a member of Calgary's 1948 Grey Cup Championship team before retiring due to injury in 1949.
Professional wrestling career
In 1941, Strode had dabbled for several months in professional wrestling. Following the end of his football career in 1949, he returned to wrestling part-time between acting jobs until 1962, wrestling the likes of Gorgeous George.
In 1952, Strode wrestled almost every week from August 12, 1952 to December 10, 1952 in different cities in California. He was billed as the Pacific Coast Heavyweight Wrestling Champion and the Pacific Coast Negro Heavyweight Wrestling Champion in 1962. He later teamed up with both Bobo Brazil and Bearcat Wright.
As an actor, the 6 ft 4 in (1.93 m) Strode was noted for film roles that contrasted with the stereotypes of the time. He is probably best remembered for his brief Golden Globe-nominated role in Spartacus (1960) as the Ethiopian gladiator Draba, in which he fights Kirk Douglas to the death.
Strode made his first credited appearance in 1941 in Sundown, but became more active in the 1950s, eventually in roles of increasing depth. He played an African warrior in The Lion Hunters in Monogram's Bomba the Jungle Boy series in 1951. Also, he appeared in several episodes of the 1952–1954 television series "Ramar of the Jungle", where he portrayed an African warrior. He played dual roles (billed as "Woodrow Strode") in The Ten Commandments (1956) as an Ethiopian king as well as a slave, and in 1959 portrayed the cowardly Private Franklin in Pork Chop Hill. He appeared once on Johnny Weismuller's 1955–1956 syndicated television series Jungle Jim.
He became a close friend of director John Ford, who gave him the title role in Sergeant Rutledge (1960) as a member of the Ninth Cavalry falsely accused of rape and murder; he appeared in smaller roles in Ford's later films Two Rode Together (1961), The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) and Seven Women (1966). Strode was very close to the director. During Ford's declining years, Strode once spent four months sleeping on the director's floor as his caretaker, and he was later present at Ford's death.
Strode played memorable villains opposite three screen Tarzans. In 1958, he appeared as Ramo opposite Gordon Scott in Tarzan's Fight for Life. In 1963, he was cast opposite Jock Mahoney's Tarzan as both the dying leader of an unnamed Asian country and that leader's unsavory brother, Khan, in Tarzan's Three Challenges. In the late 1960s, he appeared in several episodes of the Ron Ely Tarzan television series. Strode played the part of Binnaburra in "Incident of the Boomerang" on Rawhide in 1961.
Strode's other television work included a role as the Grand Mogul in the Batman episodes "Marsha, Queen of Diamonds" and "Marsha's Scheme of Diamonds," appearing also in the third season of the Daniel Boone television series as the slave/wrestler Goliath in the episode of the same name.
Strode played a heroic sailor on a sinking ship in the 1960 film The Last Voyage. In 1966, he landed a major starring role as a soldier of fortune and expert archer in The Professionals, a major box-office success that established him as a recognizable star. Another notable part was as a gunslinger in the opening sequence of Sergio Leone's Once Upon a Time in the West (1968); after this, he appeared in several other spaghetti Westerns of lesser quality. His starring role as a thinly-disguised Patrice Lumumba in Seduto alla sua destra (released in the U.S. as Black Jesus) garnered Strode a great deal of press at the time, but the film is largely forgotten now.
He remained a visible character actor throughout the 1970s and 1980s in such films as Scream (1981), and has become widely regarded (along with Sidney Poitier and Brock Peters) as one of the most important black film actors of his time. His last film was The Quick and the Dead (1995), which starred Gene Hackman, Leonardo DiCaprio and Russell Crowe. The closing credits dedicate the film to Strode.
Strode was the son of a Creek-Blackfoot-black father and a black-Cherokee mother. His first wife was Princess Luukialuana Kalaeloa (a.k.a. Luana Strode), a distant relative of Liliuokalani, the last queen of Hawaii. With her he had a son, Kalai, in 1946. They were married until her death in 1980. In 1982, he wed Tina Tompson, and they remained married until his death. Strode was a dedicated martial artist under the direction of Frank Landers in the art of SeishinDo Kenpo.
- Stagecoach (uncredited) (1939)
- Sundown (1941)
- Star Spangled Rhythm (1942)
- No Time for Love (1943)
- The Lion Hunters (1951)
- Bride of the Gorilla (1951)
- African Treasure (1952)
- Caribbean (1952)
- Androcles and the Lion (1952)
- City Beneath the Sea (1953)
- Demetrius and the Gladiators (1954)
- Jungle Man-Eaters (1954)
- The Gambler from Natchez (1954)
- Jungle Gents (1954)
- Son of Sinbad (1955)
- Buruuba (1955)
- The Ten Commandments (1956)
- Tarzan's Fight for Life (1958)
- The Buccaneer (1958)
- Pork Chop Hill (1959)
- The Last Voyage (1960)
- Sergeant Rutledge (1960)
- Spartacus (1960)
- The Sins of Rachel Cade (1961)
- Two Rode Together (1961)
- The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962)
- Tarzan's Three Challenges (1963)
- Genghis Khan (1965)
- 7 Women (1966)
- The Professionals (1966)
- Seduto alla sua destra, aka Black Jesus, aka Super Brother (1968)
- Shalako (1968)
- Once Upon a Time in the West (1968)
- Che! (1969)
- Boot Hill (1969)
- Chuck Moll (1970)
- Scipio the African (1971)
- The Deserter (1971)
- The Last Rebel (1971)
- Black Rodeo (1972) (documentary) (narrator)
- The Revengers (1972)
- The Italian Connection (1972)
- The Gatling Gun (1973)
- We Are No Angels (1975)
- Loaded Guns (1975)
- Winterhawk (1975)
- Keoma (1976)
- Oil! (1977)
- Cowboy-San! (1977)
- Kingdom of the Spiders (1977)
- Ravagers (1979)
- Jaguar Lives! (1979)
- Cuba Crossing (1980)
- Scream (1981)
- Angkor: Cambodia Express (1982)
- Invaders of the Lost Gold (1982)
- Vigilante (1983)
- The Black Stallion Returns (1983)
- The Violent Breed (1984)
- The Final Executioner (1984)
- Jungle Warriors (1984)
- The Cotton Club (1984)
- Lust in the Dust (1985)
- A Gathering of Old Men (1987)
- Bronx Executioner (1989)
- Storyville (1992)
- Posse (1993)
- The Quick and the Dead (1995)
- Strode wrote an autobiography titled Goal Dust (ISBN 0-8191-7680-X).
- Stowitts, Hubert Julian. American champions; fifty portraits of American athletes by Stowitts, Tiergartenstrasse 21a, Berlin, 9.–15. September 1936, unter dem Protektorat des Amerikanischen Botschafters und Mitwirkung der Vereinigung Carl Schurz, anlässlich der XI. Olympiade, special sport exhibition. Stowitts, 1936
- B.J. VIOLETT – TEAMMATES RECALL JACKIE ROBINSON’S LEGACY. UCLA Today magazine, 1997
- "Kenny Washington" Encyclopædia Britannica
- NFL 2001 Record and Fact Book, Workman Publishing Co, New York,NY, ISBN 0-7611-2480-2, p. 280
- Busby, Ian (2012-09-19). "Lougheed among long list of CFLers who found fame later". Calgary Sun. p. S4.
- Woody Strode, Goal Dust, Madison Books, 1990, ISBN 0-8191-7680-X, p. 121
- Woody Strode, Goal Dust, Madison Books, 1990, ISBN 0-8191-7680-X, pp. 171–79
- Ring Magazine, May 1962, page 38
- Woody Strode, Goal Dust, Madison Books, 1990, ISBN 0-8191-7680-X, pp. 215–18, 249
- "Daniel Boone TV show". IMDB.
- Woody Strode, Goal Dust, Madison Books, 1990, ISBN 0-8191-7680-X, pp. 1–3)
- Woody Strode, Goal Dust, Madison Books, 1990, ISBN 0-8191-7680-X, p. 78
- Fighting Stars Magazine – July 1978
- Woody Strode, 80, Character Actor
- Disney Archives | Woody Character History
- Woody Strode at the Internet Movie Database
- 1940 Yearbook Photo
- Black Jesus: Woody's Benediction (TCM Movie Morlocks)
- Woodrow Wilson Woolwine "Woody" Strode at Find a Grave
- In Loving Memory Of Woody Strode