Merops (mythology)

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The name Merops (Ancient Greece: Μέροψ, "mankind" or "mortals") refers to several figures from Greek mythology:

  • Merops, king of Ethiopia, husband of Clymene and adoptive father of Phaethon, his wife's son by Helios.[1]
  • Merops, a resident of Miletus, husband of another Clymene and father of Pandareus.[2][3]
  • Merops, king of Percote, father of two sons (Amphius and Adrastus) killed by Diomedes in the Trojan War, and of two daughters, Cleite, wife of Cyzicus, and Arisbe, the first wife of Priam. He had prophetic abilities and foresaw the deaths of his sons, but they ignored his warnings.[4][5][6]
  • Merops, a son of Triopas,[7] or an autochthon[8] and a king of Cos (the island was thought to have been named after his daughter[9]). He was married to the nymph Ethemea (or, more correctly, Echemeia[9]), who was shot by Artemis for having ceased to worship the goddess. As Merops was about to commit suicide over his wife's death, Hera took pity on the grieving widower and placed him among the stars in the shape of an eagle (the constellation Aquila).[10] Merops was the father of Eumelus and through him grandfather of Agron, Byssa and Meropis, all of whom were notorious for their impiety.[11] Clytie, the wife of Eurypylus of Cos,[12] and Titanis, who was changed by Artemis into a deer because of her beauty,[13] were given as the daughters of Merops.
  • Merops, king of Anthemousia, who fought against Sithon of Thrace for the hand of the latter's daughter Pallene and was killed.[14]
  • Merops, father of Epione, the wife of Asclepius.[15]
  • Merops, son of Hyas, who was the first to make people reassemble in settlements after the great deluge.[16]
  • Merops, a great-grandson of Temenus in the following genealogy of the Heracleidae: Heracles - Hyllus - Cleodaeus - Aristomachus - Temenus - Cissius - Thestius - Merops - Aristodamis - Pheidon - Caranus.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 1. 760 ff & 2. 184
  2. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 36
  3. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 30. 2
  4. ^ Homer, Iliad, 2. 828 ff & 11. 328 ff
  5. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 974 ff
  6. ^ Bibliotheca 3. 12. 5
  7. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Merops
  8. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Kōs
  9. ^ a b Etymologicum Magnum, 507. 56
  10. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 16
  11. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 15
  12. ^ Theocritus, Idyll 7. 5 with scholia
  13. ^ Euripides, Helen, 382
  14. ^ Conon, Narrationes, 10
  15. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 4. 195
  16. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 1. 250
  17. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, fragments of Book 7, 17