Zimbabwean Australians

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Zimbabwean Australians
Total population
(30,252)
Regions with significant populations
Perth · Sydney · Melbourne
Languages
English · Shona · Ndebele · Afrikaans · Nyanja
Related ethnic groups
African Australians

Zimbabwean Australians are Australian citizens who are fully or partially of Zimbabwean descent or Zimbabwe-born people who reside in Australia. They include migrants to Australia of people from Zimbabwe (Rhodesia until 1980), as well as their descendants. Today, over 30,000 people in Australia were born in Zimbabwe, while many more have Zimbabwean ancestry.[1]

Australia's Zimbabwean community is now well established, with some of the highest incomes in the country,[2] as well as with community institutions such as Zimbabwean language schools.[3]

Background[edit]

The number of permanent settlers arriving in Australia from Zimbabwe since 1991 (monthly)

The 2011 Census noted there are 30,252 Zimbabwe-born people living in Australia.[4] The vast majority are skilled and educated, with 74.5% of the Zimbabwe-born aged 15 years and over possessing higher non-school qualifications, compared to 55.9% of the Australian population.[5] Some Zimbabweans had originally moved to the UK, but decided to settle in Australia instead.[6]

Population distribution[edit]

Australia's Zimbabwean population is biggest in Sydney,[7] although a large proportion of Zimbabweans in Australia reside in Western Australia.[8] Many white Zimbabweans have settled in Queensland,[9] whereas people of indigenous Shona and Ndebele ethnicities commonly settle in Sydney or Melbourne.[10]

Language[edit]

New South Wales[edit]

Australians who speak a language indigenous to Zimbabwe at home are most numerous in Sydney. One in three of Australia's Ndebele-speakers and one in three of Australia's Shona-speakers live in Sydney.[11][12]

Victoria[edit]

English, Shona and Afrikaans are the main languages Zimbabwean Australians in Victoria speak at home. 53% of Zimbawean Australians in Victoria speak English, while 36% speak Shona and 1% speak Afrikaans.[13]

Notable Zimbabwean Australians[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Zimbabwe-born Community". Department of Social Services. 
  2. ^ "Irish among Australia’s best paid workers". Irish Echo. 
  3. ^ "Learning parents' language helps keep culture alive". SBS. 
  4. ^ "The Zimbabwe-born Community". Department of Social Services. 
  5. ^ "The Zimbabwe-born Community". Department of Social Services. 
  6. ^ "Zimbabwe: First Family Has Low Opinion of the People". AllAfrica. 
  7. ^ Ndlovu, Ray (19 Apr 2013). "Rough estimates: Millions of Zimbabweans Abroad". AllAfrica. 
  8. ^ "The Zimbabwe-born Community". Department of Social Services. 
  9. ^ "White Zimbabwean families make their way to country Qld". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 
  10. ^ "The Zimbabwe-born Community". Department of Social Services. 
  11. ^ "Languages in Sydney". Australian Burea of Statistics. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "History of immigration from Zimbabwe". Museum Victoria.