2,609 (by birth, 2016 Census)
16,290 (by ancestry, 2016 Census)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Lithuania-born people by state or territory|
|New South Wales||1022|
|Australian Capital Territory||39|
|Australian English · Lithuanian|
|Christianity, predominantly Catholic|
|Related ethnic groups|
Lithuanian Australians refers to Australian residents of Lithuanian national background or descent. According to the 2016 Census, there were 16,290 people of Lithuanian descent in Australia and 2,609 Lithuania-born people residing in the country at the moment of the census. The largest Lithuanian Australian community is in the state of New South Wales, with 1022 Lithuania-born people, especially located in Sydney.
Only small numbers of Lithuanians arrived in Australia before 1947. Many Lithuanians and other Eastern Europeans fled the Red Army in 1944 and became Displaced Persons in refugee camps in Western Europe. From 1947 they were able to emigrate to countries such as Australia under the sponsorship of the International Refugee Organization. The first voyage under Arthur Calwell's Displaced Persons immigration program, that of the General Stuart Heintzelman in 1947, was specially chosen to be all from Baltic nations, all single, many blond and blue-eyed, in order to appeal to the Australian public. Of the 843 immigrants on the Heintzelman, 442 were Lithuanian.
- "Census 2016, Ancestry by Birthplace of Parents (SA2+)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 5 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Lithuania country brief" (PDF). Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 5 August 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Early Lithuanians in Australia". Retrieved 27 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "First of the Fifth Fleet". Retrieved 22 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- J. Franklin, Calwell, Catholicism and the origins of multicultural Australia, Proc. of the Australian Catholic Historical Society 2009 Conference, 42-54; L. Popenhagen, Australian Lithuanians, UNSW Press, 2012.
- "Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild: USAT General Stuart Heintzelman". Retrieved 27 February 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)