From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||10th century – 11th century – 12th century|
|Decades:||1050s 1060s 1070s – 1080s – 1090s 1100s 1110s|
|Years:||1085 1086 1087 – 1088 – 1089 1090 1091|
|1088 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1841|
|Bahá'í calendar||−756 – −755|
|English Regnal year||1 Will. 2 – 2 Will. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
3784 or 3724
— to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
3785 or 3725
|- Vikram Samvat||1144–1145|
|- Shaka Samvat||1010–1011|
|- Kali Yuga||4189–4190|
|Japanese calendar||Kanji 2
|Minguo calendar||824 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1631|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1088.|
- The Rebellion of 1088 against William II of England is led by Odo of Bayeux.
- An earthquake affects the Kingdom of Georgia and causes large damages.
- Almoravid campaign in al-Andalus. Yusuf ibn Tashfin besieges Aledo but is forced to retreat by the arrival on the scene of the troops of King Alfonso of Leon and Castile.
- The troops of the count of Barcelona reconquer the ancient archiepiscopal see of Tarragona (lost again in 1108). Berenguer de Lluçanés becomes the city's new archbishop
Arts and culture
- The Dream Pool Essays is published in this year by the polymath Chinese scientist and statesman Shen Kuo. His book represents the earliest known writing about the magnetic compass, movable type printing, experimentation with the camera obscura only decades after Ibn al-Haytham, and includes many different fields of study in essay and encyclopedic form, including geology, astronomy, botany, zoology, mineralogy, anatomy, pharmacology, geography, optics, economics, military strategy, philosophy, etc. Some of Shen's most advanced theories include geomorphology and gradual climate change, while he improves Chinese astronomy by fixing the position of the pole star and correcting the lunar error by plotting its orbital course every night for a continuum of five years. Shen's book is also the first to describe the drydock in China, and discusses the advantages of the relatively recent invention of the canal pound lock over the old flash lock.
- The Chinese polymath statesman and scientist Su Song has the successful pilot model for his astronomical clock tower constructed in Kaifeng, China. It features an escapement mechanism and the world's oldest known endless power-transmitting chain drive to operate the armillary sphere, opening doors, and mechanical-driven mannequins that would rotate in shifts to announce the time on plaques.
- The oldest extant university, the University of Bologna, is founded.
- March 12 – Pope Urban II succeeds Pope Victor III as the 159th pope.
- Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny.
- January 6 – Berengar of Tours, French theologian
- June 24 – William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey, Norman aristocrat
- date unknown – Naser Khosrow, Persian theologian
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.83.
- McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History 7 (1): 67–82.