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This article is about the year 1306.
|Centuries:||13th century – 14th century – 15th century|
|Decades:||1270s 1280s 1290s – 1300s – 1310s 1320s 1330s|
|Years:||1303 1304 1305 – 1306 – 1307 1308 1309|
|1306 by topic|
|State leaders - Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1306 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2059|
|Bahá'í calendar||−538 – −537|
|English Regnal year||34 Edw. 1 – 35 Edw. 1|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4002 or 3942
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
4003 or 3943
|- Vikram Samvat||1362–1363|
|- Shaka Samvat||1228–1229|
|- Kali Yuga||4407–4408|
|Japanese calendar||Kagen 4 / Tokuji 1
|Minguo calendar||606 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||1849|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1306.|
- February 10 – before the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn, his leading political rival sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence
- March 25 – Robert the Bruce becomes King of the Scots only five weeks after the murder in Dumfries.
- May – Hugh the younger Despenser, favourite of King Edward II of England, is married to heiress Eleanor de Clare.
- May 15 – one of the first exchange contracts (cambium) to mention the city of Bruges involved two parties: Giovanni Villani, representing the Peruzzi Company, granting a loan to Tommaso Fini, representing the Gallerani Company of Siena.
- June 19 – Battle of Methven: The forces of the Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruce's Scottish rebels.
- December 6 – the monetary policy of Philippe le Bel triggers a revolt in Paris. The provost's house is burned and the king has to flee to the fortress of the Temple .
- Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property.
- In London, a city ordinance decrees that heating with coal is forbidden when parliament is in session (the ordinance is not particularly effective).
- The Mongols raid India.
- August 8 – Rudolf II, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1353)
- Ashikaga Tadayoshi, general of the Northern and Southern Courts (d. 1352)
- Sasaki Takauji, Japanese poet, warrior, and bureaucrat (d. 1373)
- February 10 – John "the Red" Comyn, Scottish nobleman
- March 21 – Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1248)
- May 5 – Constantine Palaiologos, Byzantine prince and general (b. 1261)
- August 4 – King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (b. 1289)
- December – Roger Bigod, 5th Earl of Norfolk (b. 1270)
- Robert de Burghersh, 1st Baron Burghersh
- Favier, Jean (2012). Le Bourgeois de Paris au Moyen Age. Paris: Tallandier. p. 135.
- Nirenberg, David (1998). Communities of violence: persecution of minorities in the Middle Ages. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 18. ISBN 0-691-05889-X.
- Holland, John (1841). The history and description of fossil fuel, the collieries, and coal trade of Great Britain. London: Whittaker and Company. pp. 313–314.