157th (Highland Light Infantry) Brigade
The 157th (Highland Infantry) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army during the First World War. It was part of the Territorial Force and was assigned to the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division and served in the Middle East and on the Western Front.
After the war the brigade and division were disbanded as was the Territorial Force. The Territorial Force was reformed in 1920 as the Territorial Army and the 52nd Division was reconstituted as was the 157th Brigade which was redesignated as the 157th Infantry Brigade.
During the Second World War, the brigade served with the division during Operation Ariel in France 1940 to cover the withdrawal of troops being evacuated from France. In 1942 to June 1944 the division was trained in mountain warfare yet was never used in the role. They were then trained in airlanding operations but were again never utilised in the role. In October 1944 they were sent to Belgium to join the 21st Army Group and were attached to First Canadian Army and fought in the Battle of the Scheldt where the 52nd Division gained an excellent reputation. The brigade took part in Operation Blackcock in 1945 and ended the war by the River Elbe.
World War I formation
- 1/5th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 1/6th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 1/7th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 1/9th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 1/5th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
- 157th Machine Gun Company
- 157th Trench Mortar Battery
World War II formation
- 1st Battalion, Glasgow Highlanders (to 12 March 1945)
- 5th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry
- 6th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry (to 12 February 1945)
- 5th Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers (from 12 February 1945)
- 7th Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) (from 14 March 1945)
- "52nd (Lowland) Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
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