1855 in paleontology

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Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils.[1] This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because mankind has encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1855.

Prolacertiformes[edit]

Newly named Prolacertiformes[edit]

Name Status Authors Age Unit Location Notes

Tanystropheus[2]

Valid.

von Meyer

Middle to Late Triassic

Muschelkalk
Lower Keuper
Falang Formation

 Europe
 China
 Israel

A tanystropheid protorosaur.

Plesiosaurs[edit]

Newly named plesiosaurs[edit]

Name Status Authors Notes

Aptychodon

Valid

Reuss

Brimosaurus

Valid

Leidy

Museums[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gini-Newman, Garfield; Graham, Elizabeth (2001). Echoes from the past: world history to the 16th century. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd. ISBN 9780070887398. OCLC 46769716. 
  2. ^ Meyer, 1852. Die saurier des Muschelkalkes mit ruecksicht auf die saurier aus Buntem Sanstein und Keuper. in Zur fauna der Vorwelt, zweite Abteilung 42. 167 pp.
  3. ^ Chinsamy, Anusuya. (1997). "Albany Museum, Grahamstown, South Africa." Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs. Edited by Phillip J. Currie and Kevin Padian. Academic Press. p. 6.