Abbécourt

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Abbécourt
The Town Hall
The Town Hall
Abbécourt is located in France
Abbécourt
Abbécourt
Coordinates: 49°35′47″N 3°10′50″E / 49.5964°N 3.1806°E / 49.5964; 3.1806Coordinates: 49°35′47″N 3°10′50″E / 49.5964°N 3.1806°E / 49.5964; 3.1806
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Laon
Canton Chauny
Intercommunality Chauny-Tergnier
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) René Paris
Area
 • Land1 5.96 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 528
 • Population2 density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02001 / 02300
Elevation 38–64 m (125–210 ft)
(avg. 45 m or 148 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Abbécourt is a French commune in the Aisne department in the Picardy region of northern France.

The inhabitants of Abbécourt are called Abbécourtois or Abbecourtoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

The commune is located some 3 kilometres south-west of the city of Chauny and is part of the Canton of Chauny.

Access to the commune is by the D1032 road that links Noyon to Saint-Quentin passing through the north of the commune but not through the village The village is connected to the D1032 by the D437 which branches from the D7 north of the commune and goes south to the village then continues to Manicamp as the D922. The D338 comes from Chauny and joins the D1032 in the commune.[2]

The commune is traversed by the railway line from Creil to Jeumont. The nearest railway station serving the town is that of Chauny but previously there was a station serving the commune from TAC (Transport Agglomération Chaunoise).[2]

Delimitation and hydrography[edit]

The Oise Canal lock

The commune lies in the Drainage basin of the Seine river and is, in large part, delimited by rivers. To the west, it is delimited by the Vigny stream; to the east, by the Ru de Pontoise, and to the south the Oise river. Other rivers that run through the commune are the Brouage and the Canal latéral à l'Oise. The Canal de l'Oise a l'Aisne starts in the commune going south-east at right-angles from the Canal latéral.[2]

Geology and terrain[edit]

Abbécourt is located in the Paris Basin. Most of the commune's subsoil dates from the Upper Cretaceous, when the Paris basin was covered with seawater. The altitude of the municipality varies from 38 metres to 64 metres, with an average of 45 metres of altitude. The seismic risk is very low.

Climate[edit]

Abbécourt like all of Picardy is subject to an oceanic climate gradient. The climate survey is similar to that of Saint-Quentin, which is located 29.2 kilometres north in a straight line.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the area was attested in the form of Abecurt in 1151.[3]

This spelling is a form of "-court" characteristic of the Middle Ages and the north of France. The word court (curt or cort in old French) once meant "barnyard, farm, or rural area" (parallel to the German word hof cf. German. Hof "farm yard"). It is derived from the Low Latin cōrtem,[4] or the Gallo-Roman CURTE, derived from the classical Latin cohors or cohortis. The word "cour" from which it derives, has a different spelling by analogy with the Latin curia.

The "-court" suffix is usually preceded by a Germanic personal name under the old French "case regime", but here this is not the case as evidenced by the old forms: "abbé-" is based on the low Latin abbas meaning "priest",[4] which gives an overall meaning of "priest's rural area".

Abbécourt should not be confused with Abbecourt (or "Abbatis curtis" in 1224).[4]

History[edit]

Origin[edit]

The commune developed from the Abbey Saint-Médard de Soissons, which also gave its name to a farm located within the commune. The earliest historical mentions of Abbécourt date back to the 9th century.

Middle Ages[edit]

During the Middle Ages, the commune was a lordship with its own castle and lords. In 1265 a hogshead of wheat was levied annually on the mill and the lordship by the monks of the Abbey of Genlis. This Abbey currently stands at Villequier-Aumont. In 1405 the lordship was purchased by the Lord of Genlis, Jean de Hangest. In 1457, the region experienced a period of pestilence and in 1471, a period of famine.

Modern Age[edit]

In 1579 the lord of Crosne, Pierre Brulard, purchased the land of Abbécourt from the Lord of Genlis. In 1581, a land register of Abbécourt was drawn up by letters patent granted by the King and the Secretary of State. During the period of the Fronde, the village was pillaged by the Spanish during the siege of Chauny in 1652. Abbécourt was again attached to the marquisate of Genlis in 1645, but separated once again in 1685 when it came under the abbey of Saint-Medard until 1736. It then finally was returned to the marquisate of Genlis until the French Revolution. In 1774 the marquisate became the Duchy of Villequier-Aumont. On the eve of the revolution, the actual commune was under the administration of Soissons under the bailiwick of Chauny. The Abbécourt parish was attached to the bishopric of Noyon.

Contemporary period[edit]

With the Revolution, Abbécourt became an independent commune within the district of Chauny and the canton of the same name. During the Six Days' Campaign in 1814, the Prussian General Bülow's troops crossed the commune, pillaging the houses, to counter the offensive movements of Napoleon I. In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War, the village was under German occupation.

Early in World War I, beginning on 1 September 1914, Abbécourt found itself once again occupied by German forces, who put in place a new municipal administrator and mayor. Facing an advancing British army, the German forces destroyed the village on 19 March 1917 during their retreat toward the Hindenburg Line. In the March 1918 German offensive, Abbécourt was again occupied on 24 March 1918. The village was finally liberated on 6 September 1918. Following the war, through an order issued on 17 October 1920, the commune of Abbécourt received the Croix de Guerre.

Administration[edit]

Municipal administration[edit]

Following the 2008 municipal elections, the Abbécourt council consisted of 11 councilors, including the mayor of the commune. This number of councillors was defined by the results of the census of 1999 when the town had 447 inhabitants. The outgoing mayor, René Paris, was re-elected after these elections.

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 René Paris DVD

(Not all data is known)

Judicial and administrative proceedings[edit]

For the judiciary, Abbécourt is attached to various judicial grades. For commerce, the town depends on the Commercial Court of Saint-Quentin. Abbécourt is part of the zone for children's courts of first and second instance of Laon with appeals referred to the tribunal of Amiens. In the administrative area, Abbécourt is attached to the court in Amiens but administrative appeals take place in the court at Douai. The Administrative Appeals Court, on which the town depends, is that at Laon.

For administration, the commune is integrated into the canton of Chauny, which is attached to the arrondissement of Laon. It belongs with 22 other communes to the community of communes Chauny-Tergnier.

Demographics[edit]

Evolution of the population[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 528 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
484 554 564 594 685 662 661 720 680
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
660 657 692 653 654 635 669 640 663
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
650 615 591 438 544 510 427 476 510
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
558 512 468 471 467 447 474 528 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Abbécourt

Distribution of age groups[edit]

Percentage distribution of age groups in Abbécourt and Aisne Department in 2007

Abbécourt Abbécourt Aisne Aisne
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 22.1 16.5 20.7 18.6
15 to 29 Years 15.2 15.7 18.7 17.2
30 to 44 Years 22.1 22.6 20.4 19.7
45 to 59 Years 17.2 19.6 21.8 20.6
60 to 74 Years 15.2 16.1 12.2 13.3
75 to 89 Years 8.2 8.3 6.0 9.6
90 Years+ 0.0 1.3 0.3 0.9

Local life[edit]

Education[edit]

There is a public elementary school in the commune. The school had 34 students for the 2011-2012 school year according to the website of the Ministry of Education.[6]

For secondary education, the students from Abbécourt mainly go to colleges and high schools in Chauny. They have the opportunity to move to public or private institutions. The only private school in Chauny is the Saint Charles College. For public schools, there are two colleges and two high schools. For studying in vocational schools, students may choose either the Gay Lussac professional school or Saint Charles private professional school. There is also a private agricultural high school called Robert Schumann in Chauny.

Health[edit]

For medical care, there is no service in the commune but the proximity to the city of Chauny, which is 5.5 km from Abbécourt, allows Abbécourtois to consult specialists and doctors, and to go to the pharmacy. There is also a hospital in Chauny.

Festival days[edit]

The communal festival is held on the 4th Sunday in June. This is due to the proximity on 24 June, which is the day of Saint John the Baptist, patron saint of the church in the commune. A flea market is also held every 1st Sunday in October.

Worship[edit]

Abbécourt Church
Abbécourt Church of Saint John the Baptist

Catholic worship is present in Abbécourt at the Church of St. John the Baptist. This church at Abbécourt belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Soissons, Laon and Saint Quentin which is a subdivision of the Archdiocese of Reims. The commune church is part of the parish of Saint-Momble in Chaunois.

Economy[edit]

Household income and taxation[edit]

In 2009, the median household income tax was €16,961, which is about €34,000 less than the commune with the highest taxes in mainland France.[7]

Businesses and commerce[edit]

Industries in the territory of the municipality:

  • Carpentry
  • Metallurgy
  • Locksmith
  • electrician
  • tiler
  • mechanic
  • the small shops in the area have disappeared

Sites and monuments[edit]

  • The Church of St. John the Baptist: It was rebuilt after the First World War but it still retains some old parts of the building
  • Memorials to the dead from the wars of 1870-1871, 1914-1918, and 1939-1945
  • A bath house
  • A canal bridge built under Napoleon I

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
  2. ^ In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE

References[edit]