Aubencheul-aux-Bois

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Aubencheul-aux-Bois
Entrance to the village
Entrance to the village
Aubencheul-aux-Bois is located in France
Aubencheul-aux-Bois
Aubencheul-aux-Bois
Coordinates: 50°01′46″N 3°15′56″E / 50.0294°N 3.2656°E / 50.0294; 3.2656Coordinates: 50°01′46″N 3°15′56″E / 50.0294°N 3.2656°E / 50.0294; 3.2656
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Aisne
Arrondissement Saint-Quentin
Canton Le Catelet
Intercommunality Pays du Vermandois
Government
 • Mayor (1977–2020) Francis Passet
Area1 2.11 km2 (0.81 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 310
 • Density 150/km2 (380/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 02030 / 02420
Elevation 105–139 m (344–456 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aubencheul-aux-Bois is a French commune in the department of Aisne in the Picardy region of northern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aubencheulois or Aubencheuloises[1]

Geography[edit]

Aubencheul-aux-Bois is located some 20 km south of Cambrai and 30 km east of Combles. The north-west border of the commune is the border between Aisne and Nord departments. The D644 road from La Gaite in the north runs south along the western border of the commune changing to D1044 in the commune and continuing south to Le Catelet. The D16 road runs east from the D644 to the village changing to D281 within the commune then continuing east as the D16 to Villers-Outreaux. The commune is composed entirely of farmland.[2]

Two streams rise in the commune - one flowing south-west and one flowing east.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The War memorial
An Oratory in the commune

Aubencheul-aux-Bois was the seat of a small abbey founded in the 11th century in the middle of the forest of Arrouaise. It was part of the province of Cambrésis. The village was ravaged in 1584 by the Duke of Parma and in 1636 by the Spaniards. The first inhabitants back to 1663 were the families of Loubry, Lévêque, Grau, Deboucq, Dessains, Dessenne, Guéguin, Carpentier, Milhem, Ferlier, Fichaux, Bernerd, Biar, Simon, Val, Bancourt, Noblécourt, Dubois, Caré, Faucon, Dazin, Savary, Malézieux, Lanthoine, Coupé, Pattée, Dambraine, Gressier, Thibaut, Billon, Domont, and Bantigny. On 16 July 1735, after five days of strong winds, a swarm of grasshoppers destroyed the stocks of straw and hay. There was a shortage in 1709 due to the freezing conditions from January to March with most fruit trees and corn crop being destroyed. This happened again in 1740 when poverty was extreme until the end of harvest in 1741 - during the famine the population lost about a quarter of its population. On 15 June 1839 a tornado a mile wide with hail as large as chicken eggs arrived and everything was destroyed. A fire destroyed 63 houses on 17 June 1827. In 1848 there was famine, in 1849 Cholera. The village was almost completely destroyed during the First World War.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aubencheul-aux-Bois[3]

From To Name Party Position
1708 Louys Caron Mayor
1740 1742 Henri Caron Mayor
1751 1755 Paul Passé Mayor
1758 1765 Alexandre Dominique Passet Mayor
1773 Michel Carron Mayor
1776 Philippe Joseph Caron Mayor
1786 1788 Charles Joseph Passet
1792 Antoine Joseph Millot
1792 Maximilien Caré Mayor
1800 1816 Hyacinthe Passet
1816 1831 Augustin Passet
1832 1836 Noël Milhem
1836 1847 Ildefonce Désiré Passet
1848 1861 Charles Clavier
1861 1871 Benoît Hyacinthe Passet
1871 1871 Louis Lévêque
1871 1875 Eugéne Loubry
1875 1878 Simon Philemont
1878 1892 Eugéne Loubry
1892 1896 Ernest Fontaine
1896 1904 Charles Passet
1904 Ernest Passet
1954 Lucien Passet
1977 2020 Francis Passet DVD

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 310 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
629 570 553 551 661 686 715 726 729
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
730 742 764 785 785 741 743 710 702
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
644 601 606 410 409 370 343 295 328
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2010
324 332 309 300 275 272 301 305 310

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

A Wayside Cross in the Commune
Population of Aubencheul-aux-Bois

Sites and Monuments[edit]

The Church
  • A Church, rebuilt after the 1914-18 war in a neo-Romanesque style mostly in brick.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]