Aloxe-Corton

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Aloxe-Corton
Aloxe-corton-21.jpg
Coat of arms of Aloxe-Corton
Coat of arms
Aloxe-Corton is located in France
Aloxe-Corton
Aloxe-Corton
Coordinates: 47°03′59″N 4°51′37″E / 47.0664°N 4.8603°E / 47.0664; 4.8603Coordinates: 47°03′59″N 4°51′37″E / 47.0664°N 4.8603°E / 47.0664; 4.8603
Country France
Region Burgundy
Department Côte-d'Or
Arrondissement Beaune
Canton Beaune-Nord
Intercommunality Beaune Côte et Sud
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Maurice Chapuis
Area1 2.63 km2 (1.02 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 166
 • Density 63/km2 (160/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 21010 / 21420
Elevation 218–360 m (715–1,181 ft)
(avg. 248 m or 814 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The village, surrounded by its vineyards.

Aloxe-Corton is a French commune in the Côte-d'Or department in the Burgundy region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aloxois or Aloxoises[1]

Geography[edit]

The commune lies about 4 km north by north-east of Beaune and 40 km south-west of Dijon at the northern end of the Côte de Beaune. There, the pretty village of Aloxe is dominated by the Corton hill, nestled between the neighbouring communes of Ladoix-Serrigny and Pernand-Vergelesses. The D974 road forms the south-eastern border of the commune but does not enter. Access to the commune is by the D115D running north-west off the D974 to the village then continuing north-west to join the D18 road south of Pernand-Vergelesses. There is an extensive network of country roads throughout the commune which is entirely farmland, with the edge of the Bois de Corton in the north forming the northern border.[2]

The only stream in the commune is the Fosse des Branots in the south flowing to the east.

Thee are no villages or hamlets in the commune other than Aloxe-Corton.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Etymology[edit]

Aloxe-Corton comes from the Celtic "al" meaning "high place".

Aloxe-Corton is pronounced "Aloss-Corton" (like Brussels or Auxerre).

The name of its Grand Cru vineyard Corton was added to that of the village on 22 March 1862.

History[edit]

Legend has it that the Emperor Charlemagne granted the lands in 775, initially planting some 70 vines. The vines were located in the area of "Curtis Otto" (i.e. Corton). The beneficiaries were the Canons of the Collegiate Church of St. Andoche Saulieu.

Postcards on Aloxe-Corton

Henri Poisot has a large collection of postcards of the village with nearly one hundred and fifty and still growing.

He also has a large number of photos and old documents. Henri Poisot published a book entitled: 1728-1999 - History of the Cartography of the Great Vineyards of Burgundy (French), a book of 102 pages with three folding maps. The book is available only from the Athenaeum in Beaune and from the Author.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Aloxe-Corton
Blazon:

Or, an eagle crowned double-headed in sable terraced in base azure charged with a burgundy cup argent with two handles



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors of Aloxe-Corton[3]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Maurice Chapuis

(Not all data is known)

Twinning[edit]

Aloxe-Corton has twinning associations with:[4]

  • Germany Ürzig (Germany) since 1966.

Demography[edit]

In 2009 the commune had 166 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
200 214 235 236 264 251 234 230 214
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
192 194 227 240 245 265 267 249 245
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
236 224 224 233 238 223 239 233 263
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
285 243 218 198 187 172 181 166 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Aloxe-Corton

Sites and Monuments[edit]

Château of Corton André from the 19th century

Aloxe-Corton has three castles and a church:

  • Château de Corton Grancey built in part in 1749. The Cellars and the winery were built in 1834
  • Château Corton André, built at the end of the 19th century, it replaced a charming 18th century house
  • Château de Corton transformed between 1885 and 1890 to replace some very old buildings that had belonged to the family of Vergnette de la Motte, for several centuries. Before that it belonged to the Cîteaux Abbey
  • Church of Saint-Médard from 1890 by Pinchard which replaced an ancient chapel which stood on the Place du Chapitre for almost 1000 years. It contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • Bas-Relief: Christ appearing to Saint Benezet (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[5]
    • Painting: Benefits of the faith, expectations, and true love (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[6]
    • Painting: Saint John the Baptist, Saint Catherine, Saint Gilles and a donor (1579)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[7]

There is also a Lavoir (Public laundry) (1902)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg which is registered as a historical monument.[8]

Wine[edit]

Sign and Vineyards
Cuverie Corton Grancey
Domaine Comte Senard

Aloxe-Corton is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune. The southern and eastern parts of the Corton hill, including most of its vineyards, are located in the commune, including vineyards used to produce wines under the two Grand Cru appellation Corton (mostly red, some white) and Corton-Charlemagne (only white).

Wineries[edit]

  • Domaine Maurice Chapuis
  • Domaine Bruno Collin
  • Domaine Franck Follin-Arbelet
  • Domaine Comte Sénard
  • Domaine Michel Voarick
  • Domaine Didier Meuneveaux
  • Domaine Pierre Bize
  • Domaine Louise Perrin
  • Domaine Latour
  • Château de Corton-André
  • Domaine Jean
  • Domaine Carlos
  • Domaine Olivier Leflaive

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Historical Notice on the village of Aloxe-Corton, Charles Bigarne, Beaune, 1899 (French)
  • Monograph on the Commune of Aloxe-Corton, Joseph Delissey, Beaune, 1968, (French)
  • Aloxe-Corton, Claude Chapuis, Dijon, 1988 (French)
  • Aloxe-Corton - Histoory of a Village, Henri Poisot, Beaune, 2007, (French)

External Links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]