Aminidivi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aminidivi is located in India
Aminidivi
Aminidivi
Location of the Aminidivi Islands in the Indian Ocean

Aminidivi or Amindivi Islands are an island subgroup in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep, India. It is the northern group of the Lakshadweep, separated from the Laccadive Islands subgroup roughly by the 11th parallel north.[1] The total land area of the group is 9.26 km².

The Aminidivi group forms a taluka or subdivision. The islands of Amini, Kiltan, Chetlat, Kadmat and Bitra are inhabited. The population numbered 18,876 at the 2001 census and Islam is the main religion of the islanders.[2]

Aminidivi has the highest recorded rainfall in India in a 24-hour period, at 1,168 mm on 2004-05-06.

Geography[edit]

Aminidivi consists of atolls with islands, three reefs or atolls with only unvegetated sand cays above the high water mark, and four submerged banks. In addition, there is the island that gives its name to the group, Amini, which is located at 11°06′N 72°45′E / 11.100°N 72.750°E / 11.100; 72.750 at the northwestern end of Pitti Bank, a largely sunken atoll.

Atoll/Reef/Bank
(alternate name)
type Land
Area
(km²)
Lagoon
Area
(km²)
No. of
islets
Pop.
Census
2001
Location
Amindivi Islands
Cora Divh bank - 339.45 - - 13°42′N 72°11′E / 13.700°N 72.183°E / 13.700; 72.183 (Cora Divh)
Sesostris Bank bank - 388.53 - - 13°08′N 72°00′E / 13.133°N 72.000°E / 13.133; 72.000 (Sesostris Bank)
Bassas de Pedro
(Munyal Par, Padua Bank)
bank - 2474.33 - - 13°07′N 72°25′E / 13.117°N 72.417°E / 13.117; 72.417 (Bassas de Pedro)
Cherbaniani Reef (Beleapani Reef) reef 0.01 172.59 2 - 12°18′N 71°53′E / 12.300°N 71.883°E / 12.300; 71.883 (Cherbaniani Reef)
Byramgore Reef (Chereapani) reef 0.01 57.46 1 - 11°54′N 71°49′E / 11.900°N 71.817°E / 11.900; 71.817 (Byramgore Reef)
Chetlat Island atoll 1.14 1.60 1 2289 11°42′N 72°42′E / 11.700°N 72.700°E / 11.700; 72.700 (Chetlat Island)
Bitrā Island atoll 0.10 45.61 2 264 11°33′N 72°09′E / 11.550°N 72.150°E / 11.550; 72.150 (Bitrā Island)
Kiltān Island atoll 2.20 1.76 1 3664 11°29′N 73°00′E / 11.483°N 73.000°E / 11.483; 73.000 (Kiltān Island)
Kadmat Island (Cardamom) atoll 3.20 37.50 1 5319 11°14′N 72°47′E / 11.233°N 72.783°E / 11.233; 72.783 (Kadmat Island)
Elikalpeni Bank bank - 95.91 - - 11°12′N 73°58′E / 11.200°N 73.967°E / 11.200; 73.967 (Elikalpeni Bank)
Perumal Par reef 0.01 83.02 1 - 11°10′N 72°04′E / 11.167°N 72.067°E / 11.167; 72.067 (Perumal Par)
Amini Island 1) atoll 2.59 155.09 1) 1 7340 11°06′N 72°45′E / 11.100°N 72.750°E / 11.100; 72.750 (Amini Island)

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Amini Divi(1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.3
(88.3)
31.9
(89.4)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
33.3
(91.9)
30.4
(86.7)
29.6
(85.3)
29.5
(85.1)
30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
31.2
(88.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.4
(75.9)
25.3
(77.5)
26.5
(79.7)
27.0
(80.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.2
(77.4)
24.6
(76.3)
25.2
(77.4)
24.6
(76.3)
23.8
(74.8)
25.2
(77.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 14.5
(0.571)
0.1
(0.004)
2.5
(0.098)
16.8
(0.661)
127.4
(5.016)
383.9
(15.114)
322.5
(12.697)
243.3
(9.579)
160.2
(6.307)
129.9
(5.114)
109.6
(4.315)
28.6
(1.126)
1,539.2
(60.598)
Source: India Meteorological Department[3]

History[edit]

The islands were inhabited from ancient times, mostly of people of Kerala descent and later Arab descent. Vasco da Gama visited these islands around 1498. The Amindivi group of islands came under the rule of Tipu Sultan in 1787.[4] They came under British rule after the Third Anglo-Mysore War and were attached to South Canara in 1799.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GEBCO Gazeteer of undersea feature names
  2. ^ Web123India
  3. ^ "Monthly mean maximum & minimum temperature and total rainfall based upon 1971–2000 data" (HTML). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ Logan, William (1887; Reprint 2004). Malabar Manual. New Delhi: Asian Education Services. p. 2. ISBN 81-206-0446-6.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. ^ Times of India, dated 2005-07-25