Apalit, Pampanga

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Apalit
Municipality
Town hall
Town hall
Official seal of Apalit
Seal
Motto: The Pampanga's Gateway To Manila
The Blacksmith Capital of Pampanga
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Apalit
Map of Pampanga showing the location of Apalit
Apalit is located in Philippines
Apalit
Apalit
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°57′N 120°46′E / 14.950°N 120.767°E / 14.950; 120.767Coordinates: 14°57′N 120°46′E / 14.950°N 120.767°E / 14.950; 120.767
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Pampanga
District 4th District
Barangays 12
Government[1]
 • Mayor Oscar D. Tetangco Jr.
Area[2]
 • Total 61.47 km2 (23.73 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 101,537
 • Density 1,700/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2016
Dialing code 45
Income class 1st class

Apalit is a first class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. It is situated in the Luzon Island. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 101,537 inhabitants.[3]

Its nearby towns are Macabebe, Masantol, Minalin and San Simon of Pampanga and Calumpit of Bulacan.

Barangays[edit]

Apalit is politically subdivided into 12 barangays:[2]

  • Balucuc
  • Calantipe
  • Cansinala
  • Capalangan
  • Colgante
  • Paligui
  • Sampaloc
  • San Juan (Poblacion)
  • San Vicente (Business District)
  • Sucad
  • Sulipan
  • Tabuyuc (Santo Rosario)

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Apalit
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 62,373 —    
1995 65,720 +1.05%
2000 78,295 +3.56%
2007 97,296 +3.15%
2010 101,537 +1.43%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

Local government[edit]

Facade of town hall

Like other towns in the Philippines, Apalit is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council (Sangguniang Bayan) consisting of councilors from the Barangays of Barrios.

Municipal officials[edit]

Elected officials 2013–2016:

  • Mayor: Oscar Tetangco, Jr.
  • Vice Mayor: Peter C. Nucom
  • Councilors:
    • Augusto D. Manlapaz
    • Doc. J Torres
    • Doc. Elias L. Mendoza Jr.
    • Jed Dalusong
    • An Macalino
    • Sanny D. Mendoza
    • Atoy Castro
    • Zaldy C. Guanzon
    • Elmer T. Yumul

List of former Town Executives/Mayors[edit]

Education[edit]

Paaralang Bayan Jose Escaler
La Verdad Christian College
Members Church of God International

For elementary and high school education, Apalit has numerous schools.

Private Schools[edit]

  • Apalit Christian Ecumenical School/ACES (formerly Ecumenical Kiddie Lane/EKL)
  • St. Peter Institute (formerly St. Peter College)
  • Saint Vincent's Academy of Apalit (formerly St. Vincent Child Study Center)
  • Holy Child Academy
  • Blueridge School of Apalit
  • The Dominican School of Apalit
  • Gonzales Memorial College (formerly Gonzales Memorial Academy)
  • St. James School
  • La Verdad Christian School
  • Escuela De Nehemiah (formerly Faith and Wisdom School)

Public schools[edit]

  • San Vicente Central School
  • Sampaga Elementary School
  • Jose Escaler Memorial School
  • Sucad Elementary School
  • Sucad High School
  • Cansinala Elementary School
  • Cansinala National High School
  • Sampaga High School
  • Colgante Elementary School
  • Sampaloc Elementary School
  • Paligui Elementary School
  • Balucuc Elementary School
  • Balucuc High School
  • Balucuc High School (Annex)
  • Galang Elementary Memorial School
  • Banag Elementary School
  • Macario Arnedo Elementary School
  • Tabuyuc Elementary School
  • Apalit National High School
  • Br. Andrew Gonzalez Technical High School (formerly Apalit Technical Vocational High School)
  • Fausto Sioco Memorial School

Colleges[edit]

  • Asian Caregiving and Technology Education Centers (ACTEC)
  • AMA Computer Learning Center College
  • Eastwoods International Institute of Science and Technology
  • La Verdad Christian College
  • Asian College of Science and Technology

Religion[edit]

Feast of Saint Peter[edit]

The "Libad" --- the "Apung Iru" (or "Saint Peter") fluvial procession which is annually held during June 28, 29 and 30, is the most widely recognized religious procession in the province of Pampanga. It is considered the Kapampangan equivalent of the Black Nazarene procession of Quiapo. Here the venerated ivory image of St. Peter the Apostle is paraded along the Pampanga River. "Apung Iru" has long been considered miraculous and he has devotees from all over the Philippines.

The history of the image of "Apung Iru"

The lifesize, seated image of "Apung Iru"/"San Pedro" Saint Peter the Apostle, is an heirloom of the Armayan-Espiritu y Macam clan of sitio Alauli, San Vicente, Apalit. The image, with ivory face and hands, dates from the last quarter of the 1700s. Family tradition has it that Don Pedro Armayan-Espiritu y Macam ( + 1904 ) --- or his parents Don Calixto Armayan-Espiritu and Dona Maria Macam --- acquired the image from an aunt, Dona Maxima Santos, in exchange for a considerable parcel of agricultural land in Apalit. It was during the Spanish colonial era that the Spanish friars shrewdly assigned the ownership of the town's patron saint to one of its wealthiest families so that they could be spared the expenses of its upkeep and annual "fiesta." The first "Libad" fluvial procession of the image was held in 1844.

The stewardship of the image of "Apung Iru" has since gone down the direct descendants of Don Pedro Armayan-Espiritu y Macam who married three times 1 ) Dona Dorotea Arnedo, 2 ) Maxima Santa Rita, 3 ) Ysabel Dungo y Nocom. Don Pedro originally bequeathed the image to his favorite, youngest daughter Dona Ysidora "Orang" Espiritu y Dungo ( Mrs. Jesus Justo Gonzalez ), but she did not want the responsibility of "camarera" so she passed it on to her elder, spinster sister Dona Aurea "Ondeng" Espiritu y Dungo. After Dona Aurea's early demise, the responsibility of "camarera" was assumed by Don Pedro's eldest daughter Dona Maria "Maruja" Espiritu y Dungo ( Mrs. Macario Arnedo ). In 1928, Dona Maria transferred the image of "Apung Iru" from the ancestral Armayan-Espiritu residence in sitio Alauli, San Vicente to the residence in barrio Capalangan, Apalit where she lived. The image of "Apung Iru" has remained there since.

Dona Maria passed away in 1934 and her second daughter Da. Ysabel "Tabing" Arnedo y Espiritu ( Mrs. Fernando Duenas Reyes ) assumed the responsibility of "camarera" until her death in 1970. Dona Maria's richest (third) daughter Dona Rosario Lucia "Charing" Arnedo y Espiritu ( Mrs. Augusto Diosdado Sioco Gonzalez ) became the "camarera" until her death in May 1977. Following Dona Rosario, the youngest daughter Da. Elisa Juana "Ising" Arnedo y Espiritu ( Mrs. Fortunato Kabiling Sazon ) became the "camarera" in 1977 until her death in May 1987. Following Da. Elisa, her eldest daughter Dr. Erlinda Crispina "Linda" Arnedo Sazon ( Mrs. Enrique Espiritu Badenhop ) assumed the responsibility of "camarera" from 1987 until her death in February 2008. After Dr. Erlinda, Dona Rosario's grandson ( son of her eldest son Augusto Beda Arnedo Gonzalez ), Mr. Augusto Marcelino "Toto" Reyes Gonzalez III, assumed the responsibility of "camarero," following a stipulation of Dona Rosario and Dona Ysidora made to the family in 1970.

In 1975, Dona Ysidora Espiritu de Gonzalez, Dona Rosario Arnedo de Gonzalez, and Dona Rosario's son Brother Andrew Benjamin Gonzalez, F.S.C. established Saint Peter's Mission Inc. with the stipulation that "Apung Iru" and the "fiesta" be maintained in the generations to come.

Heritage 1590 San Pedro Apostol Parish[edit]

Interior

It was not until 1597 when the Apalit Parish of Saint Peter was created after its separation from the Parish of Calumpit. Fr. Pedro de Vergara was appointed as the first Parish Priest to attend to the spiritual needs of the Catholic community of Apalit. In conjunction with the annual town fiesta, the traditional fluvial parade of Saint Peter was initiated by Capitan del Pueblo Don Pedro Armayan Espiritu on June 28, 1844.[5]

With Father Pedro de Vergara as the first parish priest, the Apalit Catholic Community separated in 1597 from the Parish of Calumpit. The first Apalit church and convent was constructed during the time of Father Juan Cabello as parish priest in 1641 until 1645. Father Simon de Alarcia built another church made of concrete and tiles in 1854-1860 but it was destroyed by a strong earthquake in 1863. The present Neo-Classic church was built when Father Antonio Redondo was assigned as parish priest of Apalit in 1873 to 1886. Father Gallende wrote in "La Iglesia de Apalit" and I quote:

"Father Antonio Redondo, parish priest of Apalit from 1873 to 1886 laid the foundations of a new one in January 1876, following the plans of Don Ramon Hermosa, assistant officer to the minister of public works. The foreman was a certain Mariano Santos, a native of Guagua. After seven years of work, the church was finally completed in 1883. It was "the pride of Pampanga, an indelible tribute to Fr. Redondo and the people of Apalit."

It was officially inaugurated with solemn ceremonies held successively on June 28, 29 and 30 of the same year. The chronicler remarks that when there was no more sand or bricks, Fr. Redondo would ask the "fiscal" (sacristan) to go around town pealing the bells. Preceded by the town bands, he would lead the way towards the riverside with azafate on his head. Unquestioning, the whole town would follow him. In less than two hours, the masons would have enough sand for two months. "The whole town of Apalit helped either with monetary donations, personal service, or with their good wishes." The church measures 59 meters long and 14 meters wide. The painting was done by a native of Apalit, an industrious pupil of Alberoni. The church possesses the qualities of good construction: "solidity, capacity, light and artistic beauty."

The towers were completed under the guidance of Rev. Toribio Fanjul in 1896. In 1989, a major church renovation was initiated by Msgr. Rustico G. Cuevas.[6]

Members Church of God International[edit]

In the province of Pampanga located the main headquarters of the Members Church of God International or Ang Dating Daan presided by Eliseo Soriano. The compound itself is more than 50 hectares. Where ADD Convention Center it self has the seating capacity of over 100,000 people[citation needed]. Also its central administration office were found. It is the home of major church events like the weekly thanksgiving colloquially called Pasalamat and the quarterly thanksgiving Pasalamat ng Katawan, Mass Baptisms, Bible Expositions, concerts, and Music Festivals are held. Non-profit facilities like the hospital, transient homes, dormitory, orphanage, and tertiary institution La Verdad Christian College are also found within the compound.

Transportation[edit]

Major roads and bridges[edit]

  • MacArthur Highway - or the National Highway. The major road going to Apalit
  • Apalit-Macabebe-Masantol Road - going to the towns of Macabebe and Masantol
  • Dr. Joaquin Gonzalez Avenue -going to municipal hall, barangay sucad, and St. Peter's Parish
  • Sulipan-Capalangan-Tabuyuc-Cansinala Road
  • Tabuyuc-Balucuc Farm to Market Road
  • Arnedo Dike Road
  • Sampaloc Road
  • Paligui Road
Panorama of the river and roads

Public transportation[edit]

Public transportation within the municipality, like in most of the urban areas in the Philippines, is facilitated mostly using inexpensive Tricycles, jeepneys,and buses. Motored boats (or Bancas) are used to transport goods and bring people to the lowest land in case of flood in other barangays,

Tricycles are used for short distance travel.

Various jeepney routes also ply the roads between Apalit and neighboring towns in Pampanga(municipalities of Macabebe,Masantol, San Simon, Minalin and City of San Fernando), in Bulacan (Calumpit, Malolos City and Balagtas).

While the "FX" and "L300" van taxis, from their terminals, and Provincial Buses ( Victory Liner and First North Luzon Transit), which passes through the MacArthur Highway, takes passengers to key places in Bulacan (Calumpit, Malolos City to Guiguinto Tabang Toll Plaza) the "Metro" (Monumento in Caloocan City; Cubao in Quezon City; Divisoria in Manila; and Pasay City) and to northern provinces (Lubao, Floridablanca, Guagua, City of San Fernando in Pampanga; and as far as Olongapo City in Zambales).

Subdivisions/Villages[edit]

  • Perpetual Heights Subdivision - Paligui
  • Villa Angelina Subdivision - Boundary of Paligui and Sampaloc
  • Highview Hills Subdivision - Sampaloc
  • Larlin Village- Sampaloc
  • Villena Subdivision - San Vicente
  • Bagong Pag-Asa Subdivision - San Vicente
  • St. Peter Subdivision - San Vicente
  • St. Dominic Village - San Vicente
  • St. Peter Village - San Vicente
  • Sn. Vicente Subdivision - San Vicente
  • Royal Family Homes - Sulipan
  • Vincent Ville Subdivision - San Vicente
  • Camella Fiorenza - Paligui
  • Frontier Vill - San Vicente ( formerly old shell compound )

Hospitals[edit]

Apalit Doctors Hospital
ASSCOM De La Salle Friendship Hospital
  • Apalit Doctors Hospital
  • ASCCOM-DLSUMC Friendship Hospital
  • E.D. Lim Maternity and General Hospital
  • ADD Infirmary

Memorial Parks and Cemeteries[edit]

  • Apalit Public Cemetery
  • Balucuc Public Cemetery
  • Blue Madonna Memorial Garden
  • San Pedro Memorial Park
  • Monte Pizzaro Memorial Park (Under Construction)

Telecommunications and Communications[edit]

Landline telephone systems are being provided by the Digitel, Datelcom and PLDT.

Mobile telephony services are provided by Smart Communications, Globe Telecom & Sun Cellular from Digitel.

Internet services are provided through DSL and Cable broadband coverage is provided by PLDT, Digitel and Globe Broadband; and Wireless broadband is provided by (Smart Bro) Smart Communications.

Cable Television are provided by DATELSAT.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Bishop Federico O. Escaler, S.J. - served as Bishop Ordinary of Prelature of Kidapawan.
  • Gene Gonzalez (Eugenio Ramon Reyes Gonzalez) - restaurateur, book author in culinary arts, entrepreneur, and owner of upscale restaurants in Metro Manila, an educator, and a Southeast Asian Games champion in Fencing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 17 September 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.andropampanga.com/history_apalit.htm
  6. ^ http://www-bcf.usc.edu/~camiling/churches/apalit.htm

External links[edit]