Calumpit, Bulacan

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Calumpit
Municipality
Saint John the Baptist church
Saint John the Baptist church
Motto: God bless Calumpit
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Calumpit
Map of Bulacan showing the location of Calumpit
Calumpit is located in Philippines
Calumpit
Calumpit
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°55′N 120°46′E / 14.917°N 120.767°E / 14.917; 120.767Coordinates: 14°55′N 120°46′E / 14.917°N 120.767°E / 14.917; 120.767
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bulacan
District 1st District
Founded 1572
Barangays 29
Government[1]
 • Mayor Jessie P. De Jesus
Area[2]
 • Total 56.25 km2 (21.72 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 101,068
 • Density 1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3003
Dialing code 44
Income class 1st class municipality
Website www.calumpit.gov.ph

Calumpit is a first class urban municipality in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 101,068 people.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The name "Calumpit" is named after the hardwood trees named "Kalumpit" found growing abundantly in front of the St. John the Baptist Parish Church in the poblacion.

Geography[edit]

Fifty-four (54) kilometers north of Manila, lies the Municipality of Calumpit bounded on the north and west by Apalit and Macabebe, Pampanga, respectively; southwest, southeast and east by Hagonoy, Malolos, and Pulilan, Bulacan respectively.

Calumpit is sprawled over an area of 5,625 has. of flat terrain classified accordingly to use as agricultural lands (66.81%), residential (10.42%), industrial (2.48%), commercial, (0.89%) and others was (1.05%). It occupied around 2.06% of the total land area of Bulacan. The municipality has 144.33 kilometers of concrete roads that easily link its 29 barangays.

Two distinct seasons characterized the town’s climate: rainy season which starts late May and ends around November; and dry season which begins November and lasts until April.

Calumpit has two (2) types of soil – the silt loam which is found in almost 90% of the entire municipality and the clay loam in the south east far end of the town. Both types are basically suited for agricultural purposes as per Department of Agriculture classifications.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Calumpit is practically similar with that of the rest of the other municipalities in the province of Bulacan. It is characterized by two (2) distinct seasons namely; the rainy and the dry. The rainy seasons starts from late May and ends around November, the dry season is from December to April. The average annual rainfall is 255.3 millimetres (10.05 in) with the month of August having the highest month average rainfall is about 304 millimetres (12.0 in). The annual number of rainy days is 175 days.

Barangays[edit]

  • Batite
  • Balungao
  • Buguion
  • Bulusan
  • Calizon
  • Calumpang
  • Caniogan
  • Corazon
  • Frances
  • Gatbuca
  • Gugo
  • Iba Este
  • Iba O'Este
  • Longos
  • Meysulao
  • Meyto
  • Palimbang
  • Panducot
  • Pio Cruzcosa
  • Poblacion
  • Pungo
  • San Jose
  • San Marcos
  • San Miguel
  • Santa Lucia
  • Santo Niño
  • Sapang Bayan
  • Sergio Bayan
  • Sucol

History[edit]

Hispanic era[edit]

Calumpit was already an established “barangay” under the leadership of Gat Maitim prior to Spanish contact.

The defeat of Rajah Soliman at the Battle of Bangkusay Channel paved the way for the Spaniards to establish their government in Manila. News reached the Spanish authorities that there was a progressive community located several miles north of Manila. Through the order of Fr. Martin de Bada, a group of Augustinian missionaries headed by Father Diego Vivar Ordoñez was sent to look for the said place. In 1572, they set foot at the riverbank of barangay Meyto, armed with a cross. They proceeded to Christianize the area and establish a government with Marcos de Arce as the first Alcalde Mayor of Calumpit. The Augustinian founded the town of Calumpit in 1572 u der the Patronage of St. John the Baptist.[4] However, it was only in 1575 that the King of Spain officially recognized Calumpit. It was therefore the first town established in the Province of Bulacan. The Augustinian friars were the first Christian missionaries to Calumpit and acted in some capacity as government officials, which continued for almost three centuries.

Philippine Revolution of 1896[edit]

During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, the people of Calumpit participated in the battles launched by the Katipuneros against Spain, the town becoming the headquarters of General Luna in 1898. In the bloody encounters at barrio Bagbag on April 25, 1899, the people bravely joined the army of General Luna.

The civil government under the Philippines was established in Calumpit in April 1901 with Juan Galang as the first elected mayor of the town.

American era and World War II[edit]

Calumpit played an important role at the outbreak of the War in the Pacific theater. The bridge of Calumpit, on the way to Bataan was demolished by the Engineering Battalion of the U.S., impeding movement of the Japanese forces on their way to Bataan. In January 1942, the Japanese Government occupied Calumpit for three years. Many distinguished citizens of Calumpit died during the war.

In the middle of 1943, the first part of the USAFFE guerrilla was established under the leadership of Luis Macam, with most of the members from Calumpit.

In June 1944, the 4th Battalion of the Del Pilar Regiment was established under the leadership of Major Francisco del Rosario, they continued fighting until the returned of the USAFFE under the leadership of Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

In January 1945, the combined Filipino and American forces arrived in the town, liberating it from the Japanese forces.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Calumpit
Year Pop.   ±% p.a.  
1990 59,042 —    
1995 70,839 +3.71%
2000 81,113 +2.75%
2007 98,017 +2.74%
2010 101,068 +1.03%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Calumpit's current population is 101,068 as per the National Statistics Office (NSO) 2010 census. Historically, its population grew at an average of 3.71% per annum.

With a total land area of 5,625 has. the number of households of 13,923 the population density rate per hectare is 12.59, and the average number of persons per household is 5.

The barangay with the largest population is Bgy. Iba Oeste with 10,610 people and the smallest is Bgy. Sucol with 1,410 people.

Calumpit has a relatively young population with the age group 1–19 years old constituting the majority of 46.01% of the total population. The rest consists mainly of the working group between the ages of 20 to 59 years old accounting for about 47.96% and the elderly comprising 6.02%.

In terms of sex distribution, males exceeded the number of females very slightly with a count of 35,710 and 35,087, respectively.

Language and Religion[edit]

Calumpit is predominantly a Tagalog speaking town with about 96.3% of its people being fluent speakers. Others speak Kapampangan, Aklanon and Ivatan.

Having been the first town in Bulacan being Christianized by the Spanish, the majority of the people are of the Roman Catholic faith. The rest belong to the Members Church of God International or Ang Dating Daan estimated to have 5% in population. The Iglesia ni Cristo, Iglesia Evangelica Metodista En Las Islas FilipinasPhilippine Independent Church and The United Methodist Church other groups are also established in municipality.

Labour and Employment[edit]

As of 1995, Calumpit had a relatively big labor force of 24,095 persons or 66% of population consisting of people ages 20–59. Around 35% of these people are accounted to possess varying degrees of skills and are employed in their respective occupations; 28% are housewives but nevertheless have found occasional employment as farmhands, vending farm-produced in the market and doing marginal odd jobs. Others are unclassified and consist mostly of students, out-of-school youth and the unemployed.

Total households income per year is P705M, annual average household income is P 66,600.00 and per capita income annually is P 12,198.00.

Literacy[edit]

The high literacy rate (98.5%) is maintained by its twenty four (24) elementary schools and six secondary or high schools. The Bulacan Manpower and Livelihood Training Center (BMLTC), based at the heart of the town, offers vocational courses and serves as the training ground for both unskilled and highly skilled workers. As a result, most Calumpiteños have acquired and maintained skills suited for employment especially in the agri-industrial field.

Economy[edit]

Major Industries: Industrial Estates, Paper, Garments, Ceramics/Pottery, Flowers/Ornamental Plants, Food/Food Processing, Gifts/Houseware/Decors

Major Products: Handicrafts, Pottery, Religious Articles

Industrial Estates: Bulacan Agro-Industrial Subdivision

Municipal Officials[edit]

Calumpit Municipal Hall
  • Mayor: Jessie P. de Jesus
  • Vice Mayor: Zacarias C. Candelaria
  • Councillors:
    • Aboy De Belen
    • Alvin Nuque Danganan
    • Lakan 'Chi-chi" Roque
    • Thelma Dansalan
    • Ento Paulino
    • Niño Torres
    • Boy Lim Rañola
    • Jonjon Mendoza

Education[edit]

This is a partial list of secondary schools in Calumpit, Bulacan.

Calumpit Central School
Bio Kinetics Learning School
Pascual O. Cruz Memorial Elementary School (POCMES) at Sta. Lucia
Colegio de Calumpit, Inc. (formerly, Calumpit Institute)
Dampol2nd N H S Annex (Sta. Lucia)
Frances High School
Ecclesiastial Christian Institute
Frances Elementary School
Harvesters Mission Christian Academy
Meysulao Adv. Elem. Sch.for Meysulao S D A Multigrade Sch.
Petras Christian School
San Marcos National High School
Caniogan High School
Shalom Christian Academy of Bulacan
Shepherds Ways Academy of Bulacan
St. Anthony Academy of Bulacan
St. John the Baptist Catholic School (SJBCS) at Poblacion
Sta. Lucia High School
Meyto Elementary School
Montessori de Enriquez School, Inc.
Arsenio Santos Memorial Elementary School
Francisco Mendoza Memorial Elementary School San Jose Elementary School Rabbi Vinirosa Academy

Tourism[edit]

This Way to Calumpit[edit]

The Church of Saint John the Baptist is one the oldest in Bulacan. It lies 54 kilometers north of Manila and could be reached via land transportation vehicles. Strategically located with three major exit and entry points, it can be reached from Manila via commuter buses such as the Philippine Rabbit, Baliwag Transit, Sierra Madre Liner, Victory Liner, Saulog Transit, Philippine Rapid Tansit, Metro Shuttle Transit and the Masantol Bus Transit - all in less than 45 minutes along the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX)

Calumpit River[edit]

This river has for centuries shaped the lives of Bulakeños. The longest river system in Bulacan, Calumpit River traverses the towns of Calumpit, Pulilan and Plaridel on the east, Paombong and Hagonoy in the West and winds up through Apalit, Macabebe and Masantol, Pampanga. It was the major route for trade and commerce in this part of the country making Calumpit an established barangay prior to the coming of Spanish conquistadors. The Pampanga and Quingua Rivers served as arteries through which goods coming in and going out of Calumpit passed. At present, the river is a valued resource as a rich fishing ground and providing farmers with irrigation.

Sta. Lucia Church and Barrio Fiesta[edit]

One of the oldest barangay in the town of Calumpit, Sta. Lucia is very popular and famous because of its miraculous Patron Saint Sta. Lucia and its festival street decoration called banderitas. During the month of December, the whole street of the village is covered by banderitas specially the front of the church. Many people from different places visit this barangay to witness the two day celebration which is December 12–13. Every year, starting December 4 up to the festival day December 13, the people of Sta, Lucia has an everyday Mass and Novena in honor of the Patron Saint and also they have a magnificent fireworks display during the opening and closing day. Sta. Lucia has a population of more or less 2,500 people mostly Roman Catholic, the others are Protestant, Iglesia Ni Kristo, Born Again and Methodist. The present barangay chairman is Armando San Angel which is elected during the 2010 barangay election.

Bagbag Bridge[edit]

Site of the longest battle between the Americans and Filipinos led by General Gregorio del Pilar which took place on April 25, 1899. The bridge now standing serves as a reminder of the valor displayed by the Filipino who triumphed against the American forces.Located at Brgy.Caniogan and Sto.Nino,Calumpit,Bulacan..

Meyto Shrine[edit]

This is the cradle of Christianity in the province, where the first Catholic Mass was held by the Augustinian friars in 1572. Home of one of the oldest Cross in the country.

[[File:[IMG]http://i270.photobucket.com/albums/jj93/Silk_andromeda/w_meytoshrine.jpg[/IMG]]]

Calumpit Libad Festival[edit]

A fluvial procession of well-decorated pagodas is held on the river every 23 June on the eve of the feast of St. John the Baptist. Townfolk gaily sing, dance and douse water to "baptize" passers-by, recalling the saint's characteristic act.

St. John the Baptist Church[edit]

The St. John the Baptist is one of the oldest churches in Bulacan. Constructed under the supervision of Augustinian priest Diego Vivar - Ordonez, the church has been a mute witness to the Filipinos' struggle against Spanish, American and Japanese rule. Inside the church is a tunnel that, as legend would have it, was used by priests during the Spanish regime to keep gold, religious statues and ornate jewelry hidden from the sight of treasure hunters. It is the birthplace of Christianity in the province.[5]

Prominent Kalumpiteños[edit]

Servants of God Dionisia de Santa María Mitas Talangpaz (1691–1732) and Cecilia Rosa de Jesús Talangpaz (1693–1731), founders of the Beaterio de San Sebastián, whose beatification process is now in progress are known for their exemplary lives of prayer, self-denial, service to the Church and apostolate that attracted young Filipinas.

Kalumpiteño José Zabala-Santos was one of the most popular cartoonists in the Philippines during the 1950s for characters such Popoye, Sianong Sano, and Lukas Malakas.[6]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: BULACAN". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Administracion espiritual de los Padres Agustinos calsados de la Provincia del Duche Nombre de Jesus de las islas Filipinas, Valladolid, Imprenta de H. Roldan, Mayo de 1833, p. 47
  5. ^ "Things to Do and see in Bulacan...". WOW Philippines. Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2007-04-14. 
  6. ^ Sianong Sano by Jose Zabala Santos 1950's. Comicartfans.com (2009-07-07). Retrieved on 2011-05-25.

External links[edit]