Ashley Chadbourne McKinley
|Ashley Chadbourne McKinley|
June 23, 1896|
|Died||February 11, 1970
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
United States Army
|Years of service||1916-1926
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
Ashley Chadbourne McKinley (June 23, 1896 in Marshall, Texas - February 11, 1970) was an accomplished American aerial photographer and colonel in the U.S. Army Air Corps who helped pioneer aviation at subzero temperatures. He accompanied Richard E. Byrd as an aerial photographer on his expedition to the South Pole.
He joined the Missouri National Guard in 1916. He enlisted in the United States Army Signal Corps and became a dirigible pilot. During World War I, he commanded a balloon observation company. He later taught aerial photography and surveying. He attained the rank of captain.
In 1926, McKinley left army service to begin and aerial surveying and photography service. In 1928-1929, he was a photographer for the Byrd Antarctic Expedition. He was presented the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1930.
In 1941, he rejoined the Army Air Corps. He was in charge of the cold-weather operations of the Army Air Force at Ladd Field in Fairbanks, Alaska. McKinley was the first person to suggest that U.S. aircraft be constructed to operate in subzero temperatures and that the Air Force should build a facility to test aircraft in subzero temperatures. He was transferred to Eglin Field for the construction of the facility. After retiring from the Army in 1947, he was a civilian consultant for Admiral Richard Byrd. He died in Florida and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
Books and film
- McKinley authored a 1929 book with Athos Maxwell Narraway, Applied aerial photography
- McKinley appeared in the 1930 documentary With Byrd at the South Pole
- "McKinley Climatic Laboratory, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida" (PDF). McKinley Climatic Laboratory brochure. ASME. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
- "Secretary of War Patrick J. Hurley presenting decorations to two Reserve officers and one enlisted man who were members of the Byrd South Pole Expedition. Sgt. Benjamin Roth, who received the Soldiers' Medal, Lieut. Dean C. Smith and Capt. Ashley C. McKinley, who received the Distinguished Flying Cross, Patrick J. Hurley and Maj. Gen. James E. Fechet, Chief of the Army Air Corps". Photograph. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- "McKinley Climatic Laboratory". Landmarks. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Archived from the original on 1 January 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-06.
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