Arctowski in Washington, March, 1940
July 21, 1871|
|Died||February 21, 1958
Bethesda, Maryland, United States
|Resting place||Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw|
|Fields||oceanography, geology, geophysics|
|Institutions||University of Liège, New York Public Library, Jan Kazimierz University, Smithsonian Institution|
|Known for||in charge of scientific observations on the Belgian Antarctic Expedition|
|Spouse||Arian Jane Addy|
Henryk Arctowski, PhD, was born in Warsaw on 15 July 1871, and educated in Paris, Liege, Zurich and Lwów. He was in charge of physical observations on the Belgian Antarctic Expedition (the Belgica Expedition) of 1897–1899. This was the first expedition to spend the winter in the Antarctic. Shipmates included Roald Amundsen and Frederick A. Cook. Arctowski joined The Explorers Club in New York in 1920. He died in Bethesda, Maryland.
His name has been given to a phenomenon in which a halo resembling a rainbow, with two other partial arcs symmetrical to the main one, forms around the sun as light is refracted through ice crystals in the atmosphere.
In recognition of his work and his contribution to science, his name has been given to a number of geographical features:
His widow established the Arctowski Medal through the Henryk Arctowski Fund, awarded every two years by the National Academy of Sciences for "studies in solar physics and solar-terrestrial relationships."
See also 
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