|— Comune —|
|Comune di Avellino|
|Frazioni||Bellizzi Irpino, Pianodardine, Picarelli, Valle-Ponticelli|
|• Mayor||Paolo Foti|
|• Total||30.4 km2 (11.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||348 m (1,142 ft)|
|Population (30 September 2012)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 ( 4,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Modestinus|
|Saint day||February 14|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Avellino|
Avellino ( listen (help·info)) is a town and comune, capital of the province of Avellino in the Campania region of southern Italy. It is situated in a plain surrounded by mountains 42 km (26 mi) north-east of Naples and is an important hub on the road from Salerno to Benevento.
Before the Roman conquest, the ancient Abellinum was a centre of the Samnite Hirpini.
The town was Christianized around 500 AD, becoming an episcopal seat. There followed the invasions of the Goths and Vandals. Subsequently Avellino became a Lombard centre, with a castle on the Terra hill. In the early Middle Ages it was part of the Duchy (later Principality) of Benevento and, after the latter’s fall, of the Principality of Salerno.
In 1100, during the Norman rule of southern Italy, it was acquired by Riccardo dell’Aquila. Later King Charles I of Anjou assigned it to the Montfort family, who were succeeded by the Del Balzo and the Filangierian of the House of Candia.
The feudal rights to Avellino were purchased in 1581 by Don Marino I Caracciolo, duke of Atripalda, of a patrician family of Naples, who was made Prince of Avellino in 1589. Avellino became the main seat of the Caracciolo. Don Marino’s son and grandson were consecutively Grand Chancellor of the Kingdom of Naples and chevaliers of the Order of the Golden Fleece. The grandson, Don Marino II (1587–1630), was the patron of Giambattista Basile, author of the Pentamerone.
In 1820 Avellino was seat of revolutionary riots. However, the Unification of Italy some fifty years later did not bring any benefit to the city, being cut off from the main railway line Naples-Benevento-Foggia, and far from the sea as well.
In 1943 the city was bombed by Allied planes in an attempt to cut off the retreat of German panzer units over the important Bridge of Ferriera.
Avellino has suffered from seismic activity throughout its history and was struck hard by the earthquakes of 23 November 1980 and 14 February 1981. Avellino has also received ashfall from numerous eruptions of Vesuvius which lies almost due west; the city is the type locality of pumice deposited from a Plinian eruption of Vesuvius about 3800 years ago.
Some ruins of the ancient Abellinum can be seen near the modern village of Atripalda, 4 km (2.5 mi) East of modern Avellino.
The Cathedral, with its Romanesque crypt, stands on the site of a rich and famous Roman villa which was built around 129 BC and abandoned after the eruption of Vesuvius and associated earthquake in 346.
There are some remains of the Lombard castle in Piazza Castello (Castle Square). Because the castle was built at the base of a small valley, its tactical purpose continues to puzzle modern-day historians throughout Europe.
- National Gallery of Selachoidei (National Museum of sharks)
- Museum of Art - MdAO
- Museum of the Cathedral and the Diocese of Avellino
- Provincial Archaeological Museum
- Provincial Art Gallery, in the “Carcere Borbonico”
- Zoological Museum of invertebrates "L. Carbone”
Avellino once has a station on the railroads to Benevento, Cancello and Rocchetta Sant'Antonio. It was closed in 2012, although it partially reopened in September of the same year. Road public transport is provided by Autoservizi Irpini.
- Albina Bruno, swing dancer
- Antonio Maccanico, politician
- Biagio Agnes, journalist
- Carmen Giannattasio, operatic soprano
- Emiliano De Cristofaro, security researcher
- Federico Amodeo, mathematician
- Gianfranco Rotondi, politician
- Jimmy Petruzzi, football coach
- Lino Jannuzzi, politician and journalist
- Luca Napolitano, singer, artist
- Mario Agnes, journalist
- Maurizio Lanzaro, footballer
- Milly D'Abbraccio, famous pornographic actress
- Patrick Ranaudo, Social and Economic Essayist
- Pino (Sepp) D'Amore, writer
- Ralph Sazio, Canadian football player and coach
- Sonia Aquino, actress
- Patrick Vardaro, owner of Boston Olive Oil Company
In the HBO television series The Sopranos, mob boss Tony Soprano has his family roots in Avellino. Tony's grandfather, Corrado Soprano Sr, a stonemason, emigrated from Avellino to the United States in the early 20th century.
- A.S. Avellino, the town's football club, currently in Lega Pro Prima Divisione
- S.S. Felice Scandone, the town's basketball club, currently in Lega Basket Serie A
- Stadio Partenio
- Avellino railway station
- Galasso, Giampiero (1992). Avellino. Storia e immagini. De Angelis.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Avellino.|
Media related to Avellino at Wikimedia Commons