Baarle-Nassau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baarle-Nassau
Municipality
Baarle-Nassau town hall
Baarle-Nassau town hall
Flag of Baarle-Nassau
Flag
Coat of arms of Baarle-Nassau
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Baarle-Nassau in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°27′N 4°56′E / 51.450°N 4.933°E / 51.450; 4.933Coordinates: 51°27′N 4°56′E / 51.450°N 4.933°E / 51.450; 4.933
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Vincent Braam (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Total 76.21 km2 (29.42 sq mi)
 • Land 76.16 km2 (29.41 sq mi)
 • Water 0.05 km2 (0.02 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 28 m (92 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 6,617
 • Density 87/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 5110–5114
Area code 013
Website www.baarle-nassau.nl
Border between Netherlands and Belgium in Baarle-Nassau.

Baarle-Nassau (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, located in North Brabant province. It had a population of 6,617 in 2014.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

2013-BaarleNassau.jpg

Topographic map of the municipality of Baarle-Nassau, 2013.

The border with Baarle-Hertog, Belgium[edit]

It is closely linked, with complicated borders, to the Belgian exclaves of Baarle-Hertog.[5] Baarle-Hertog consists of 26 separate pieces of land. Apart from the main piece (called Zondereigen) located north of the Belgian town of Merksplas, there are 22 Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands and three other pieces on the Dutch-Belgian border. There are also six Dutch exclaves located within the largest Belgian exclave, one within the second-largest, and an eighth within Zondereigen. The smallest Belgian parcel, H22, measures 2,632 square metres (about 28,330 square feet).

The border's complexity results from a number of equally complex medieval treaties, agreements, land-swaps and sales between the Lords of Breda and the Dukes of Brabant. Generally speaking, predominantly agricultural or built environments became constituents of Brabant, other parts devolved to Breda. These distributions were ratified and clarified as a part of the borderline settlements arrived at during the Treaty of Maastricht in 1843.

For clarification and the interest of tourists, the border is made visible on all streets with iron pins. This way it is always clear whether one is in Belgium (Baarle-Hertog) or in The Netherlands (Baarle-Nassau). This is also visible on the house numbers: the style of house numbers is different in both countries and often one will find the Dutch or Belgian flag next to the number.

The border between Belgium and the Netherlands at Baarle-Nassau

Localities[edit]

List of enclaves[edit]

Serial # and Local Name [6] Area (ha) Notes
Netherlands N1, De Loversche Akkers – De Tommelsche Akkers 5.3667 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary of N1 and H1 runs through one building
Netherlands N2, De Tommelsche Akkers 1.3751 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; contains 8 dwellings
Netherlands N3, De Tommelsche Akkers 0.2863 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; boundary of N3 and H1 bisects the loading dock of a liquor store
Netherlands N4, De Rethsche Akkers 1.2324 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; boundary of N4 and H1 runs through a warehouse, with vacant Dutch land to the rear of the warehouse
Netherlands N5, De Rethsche Akkers 1.9212 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; boundary of N5 and H1 runs through a furniture showroom, a shed and a barn
Netherlands N6, Gierle Straat 1.4527 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian exclave, H1, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; consists of farmland with two buildings
Netherlands N7, De Kastelein 0.5812 Counter-enclave surrounded by Belgian Oordeel exclave, H8, in Baarle-Hertog; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; occupies part of a field
Netherlands N8, Vossenberg 2.8528 Farmland enclave situated within Zondereigen, Belgium, less than 50 meters south of the Dutch border; part of Baarle-Nassau Commune.
Serial # and Local Name [6] Area (ha) Notes
Belgium H1, Aen het Klooster Straetje - Hoofdbraek - Loveren - De Boschcovensche Akkers - De Loversche Akkers - De Tommelsche Akkers - De Tommel - De Gierle Straat - De Reth - De Rethsche Akkers - Het Dorp - De Kapel Akkers - De Kastelein 153.6448 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; forms a quadripoint with enclave H2; largest Belgian exclave encompasses six Dutch enclaves; consists of dwellings for the most part with outlying farmland and an industrial area; boundary runs through numerous buildings; contains a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cyclepath
Belgium H2, De Rethsche Akkers 2.4116 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland with a single point of connection (quadripoint) between enclaves H1 and H2 in the middle of a corn field
Belgium H3, De Rethsche Akkers 0.3428 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; occupies part of a field; boundary runs through a shed in one instance
Belgium H4, De Rethsche Akkers 1.476 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland; boundary runs through a house and three sheds
Belgium H5, De Kapel Akkers 0.9245 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland with a dwelling
Belgium H6, Hoofdbraek 1.7461 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; has mixed land usage; boundary runs through a warehouse/factory
Belgium H7, De Loversche Akkers 0.2469 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through two dwellings, including the middle of one front door (giving it two house numbers: Loveren 2, Baarle-Hertog / Loveren 19, Baarle-Nassau)
Belgium H8, Boschcoven - De Kastelein - De Oordelsche Straat 41.8781 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; second largest Belgian exclave, contains a mix of dwellings and farmland; boundary runs through a barn, a dwelling and two businesses
Belgium H9, De Kapel Akkers 0.4005 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through a printing factory/warehouse in an industrial area
Belgium H10, De Oordelsche Straat 0.65 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H11, De Oordelsche Straat 0.93 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H12, Boschcoven 0.2822 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H13, Boschcoven 1.5346 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through about 20 dwellings
Belgium H14, Boschcoven 0.7193 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through about 13 dwellings
Belgium H15, Boschcoven 1.7211 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through about 16 dwellings
Belgium H16, Keizershoek - Oordelsche Straat 4.4252 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; boundary runs through a house and three sheds, with three turning points inside just one shed
Belgium H17, Moleriet Heide 14.9248 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; rural area contains a portion of the former Turnhout-Tilburg rail line, now a cyclepath
Belgium H18, De Manke Gooren 2.9247 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H19, De Peruiters 0.6851 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of several ponds and a field
Belgium H20, Wurstenbosch - Vossenberg 1.1681 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H21, Baelbrugsche Beemden 1.1845 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; consists of farmland
Belgium H22, De Wit Hagen 0.2632 Surrounded by Baarle-Nassau Commune, Netherlands, south of the village of Ulicoten; part of Baarle-Hertog Commune; occupies part of a field; nationality was contested from the 1830s until 1995 (remained unallocated to either country in boundary treaty of 26 April 1974)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Braam V.T.M." (in Dutch). Gemeente Baarle-Nassau. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5111CC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  5. ^ Map, pictures and infos on "Fronterasblog" (Spanish)
  6. ^ a b Whyte, Brendan (2004). "En Territoire Belge et à Quarante Centimètres de la Frontière" An historical and documentary study of the Belgian and Dutch enclaves of Baarle-Hertog and Baarle-Nassau. The University of Melbourne, School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies. ISBN 0-7340-3032-0. 

External links[edit]