Baclayon Municipal building
Map of Bohol with Baclayon highlighted
|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|District||1st district of Bohol|
|Barangay||17 (see § Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Alvin Uy (NP)|
|• Vice mayor||Jodel Cabahug|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||33.65 km2 (12.99 sq mi)|
|• Density||550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD :||+63 (0)38|
|Income class||4th class|
Baclayon comprises 17 barangays:
- San Isidro
- San Roque
- San Vicente
- Santa Cruz
Baclayon was the first municipality to be established in Bohol by the Spaniards and included originally the areas now made up by the municipalities of Alburquerque, Balilihan Corella, and Sikatuna. Its original name was Bacayan, from the root word bacay, meaning "detour" in reference to the fact that travellers used to make a detour there around a rocky cliff.
In 1595, two Jesuit priests, Juan de Torres and Gabriel Sanchez, arrived in Bohol to convert the local populace to Catholicism. With native help, they built a stone church which is considered as one of the oldest stone churches in the Philippines, and marked the beginning of the town. In 1600, Moros raided the fledgling settlement, which prompted the Jesuits to relocate their residencia to Loboc.
In 1717, Baclayon gained status of a parish. In 1742, Tagbilaran was separated from Baclayon, followed by Alburquerque in 1868, Balilihan in 1828, and Corella in 1884.
|Population census of Baclayon|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Baclayon is known for its historic Catholic church, declared a National Cultural Treasure in 1995 because it is considered the best preserved of its kind in the region. Its first structure was built in 1595, but the current building is from 1724 and is of Spanish Colonial architecture. The church includes a small museum, with relics dating back to the early 16th century, and adjoining 21-metre (69 ft) high bell tower. Nearby are centuries-old stone buildings like the hermita, and elementary school, as well as the historic public marketplace, a Spanish-era building with giant stone columns supporting the roof. In 2013, the church and bell tower were severely damaged by a magnitude 7.2 earthquake.
There are over 67 Spanish colonial ancestral houses in the municipality, many of them along the main road. The houses, in various stages of preservation or neglect, show Spanish-Filipino wooden craftsmanship and styling, some of which were constructed as early as 1853. They are often utilized for cultural shows and tours, festivals and fiestas, as well as some having been turned into inns.
The municipality also has jurisdiction over the dolphin- and whale-watching island of Pamilacan.
- "Municipality of Baclayon". Province of Bohol. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "What to see and what to do in Bohol, Philippines". www.bohol.ph. 27 January 2011. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- "History of Baclayon". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- Jeroen Hellingman (29 March 2002). "A Short History of Bohol". www.bohol.ph. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011.
- "Baclayon Tourist Attractions". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-10.
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