Panglao, Bohol

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Panglao
Municipality
Church St Augustine Panglao Outside.jpg
Map of Bohol with Panglao highlighted
Map of Bohol with Panglao highlighted
Panglao is located in Philippines
Panglao
Panglao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°35′N 123°45′E / 9.583°N 123.750°E / 9.583; 123.750Coordinates: 9°35′N 123°45′E / 9.583°N 123.750°E / 9.583; 123.750
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Bohol
District 1st district of Bohol
Formed 1803
Barangay 10 (see § Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Mayor Leonila P. Montero
Area[1]
 • Total 55.37 km2 (21.38 sq mi)
 • Land 51.20 km2 (19.77 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 28,603
 • Density 520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6340
IDD:area code +63 (0)38
Income class 4th class
Website www.panglao.gov.ph

Panglao is a fourth class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines, 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Tagbilaran. It is one of the two municipalities that make up Panglao Island (the other being Dauis), and its territory includes the 3 smaller islands of Balicasag, Gak-ang, and Pontod (or Pungtud, also known as Virgin Island).[1] According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 28,603.[2] Panglao is known for its diving locations and tourist resorts.

The name Panglao may have come from its former name Panglawod, meaning "to the open sea",[3] or derived from the word panggaw, referring to a fishing implement used by locals.[1]

Panglao has educational institutions, including the San Agustin Academy (Panglao), Lourdes National High School, the Cristal-e College, and elementary schools located in every barangay (including the Panglao Central Elementary School).

There are no fresh water streams or lakes on the island, so for its drinking water, the municipality is dependent on wells and the Canhilbas Underground Spring.[1]

Barangays[edit]

Panglao is politically subdivided into 10 barangays:

Barangay Area
(km²)
Population
(2010)[4]
Pop. density
(per km²)
Bil-isan 3.64 3,050 837
Bolod 5.98 1,690 283
Danao 7.90 3,860 489
Doljo 1.10 3,004 2734
Libaong 4.23 1,842 435
Looc 2.54 2,282 898
Lourdes 3.77 1,387 368
Poblacion 6.83 4,831 707
Tangnan 6.29 3,324 529
Tawala 8.92 3,333 374
TOTAL 51.20 28,603 560
Poblacion: 4,831 (16.9%) Danao: 3,860 (13.5%) Tawala: 3,333 (11.7%) Tangnan: 3,324 (11.6%) Bil-isan: 3,050 (10.7%) Doljo: 3,004 (10.5%) Looc: 2,282 (8.0%) Libaong: 1,842 (6.4%) Bolod: 1,690 (5.9%) Lourdes: 1,387 (4.8%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Poblacion: 4,831 (16.9%)
  •   Danao: 3,860 (13.5%)
  •   Tawala: 3,333 (11.7%)
  •   Tangnan: 3,324 (11.6%)
  •   Bil-isan: 3,050 (10.7%)
  •   Doljo: 3,004 (10.5%)
  •   Looc: 2,282 (8.0%)
  •   Libaong: 1,842 (6.4%)
  •   Bolod: 1,690 (5.9%)
  •   Lourdes: 1,387 (4.8%)

History[edit]

Well before the Spanish colonization, the area was already long visited by Chinese and other Asian traders, as evinced by archaeological finds of Tang, Song, and Ming DynastyMing dynasty porcelain and trade wares.[1]

Panglao flourished during the rule of the Dapitan Kingdom. But raids by Moluccans and conquest by Ternate resulted in periods of depopulation when its population fled mostly to Panay and Mindanao, including Dapitan.[1]

During the Spanish rule, a Jesuit mission post was established, that in 1782 was formed into a parish, known as La Iglesia de San Agustin de Panglawod. In 1803, the town was officially made into a municipality.[3]

The Panglao watchtower was built in 1851. The 5-storey octagonal tower is reputedly the tallest of its kind in the Philippines but suffers from neglect.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Panglao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 17,004 —    
1995 18,095 +1.17%
2000 21,337 +3.60%
2007 25,558 +2.52%
2010 28,603 +4.18%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][5]

Climate[edit]

Tourism[edit]

The primary tourist attraction of Panglao are its white sandy beaches, of which Alona Beach is the most famous and most developed. Alona Beach is about 1.5 kilometres (1 mi) long, lined with palm trees. resorts, and shops.[7] But recently it has drawn criticism from Panglao's mayor Benedicto Alcala for its unrestrained development that ignored municipal development policies, warning against overcrowding and Alona to lose its paradise-like image.[8] Therefore the municipal, provincial and national governments are ploughing ahead with a plan to build a new international airport on Panglao island, with the final approach path directly over Alona beach. Other beaches include Bagobo, Bolod, Danao, Doljo, and Momo Beaches.

Panglao is renowned for snorkeling and dive sites such as Doljo Beach, Garden Eels, Arco Point, Kalipayan, Napaling, and Puntod. The island's southern portion is ringed with reefs that are relatively narrow and shallow (5 to 6 metres (16 to 20 ft)) with submarine cliffs plunging to depths of 33 to 56 metres (108 to 184 ft).[9] Tours can also be arranged to further dive sites, including Balicasag and Pamilacan Islands.

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Municipal Profile". Municipality of Panglao. Retrieved 2012-09-05. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City, and Municipality - Region VII - Central Visayas: 1990, 2000, and 2010". National Statistics Office. 
  3. ^ a b c "Bohol Panglao Island Travel Guide". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 
  4. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  5. ^ National Statistics Office - Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007
  6. ^ "Panglao, Philippines: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Alona Beach, Panglao Island". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 
  8. ^ Angeline Valencia (August 15, 2012). "Mayor alcala warns Panglao may become as crowded as Boracay". Philstar. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 
  9. ^ "Panglao Island Diving". Talibon, Bohol, Philippines: A1 Online Communication and Advertising Services. Retrieved 2012-09-06. 

External links[edit]