|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Bapatla (formerly known as Bhavapuri, Bhavapatla) is a town and mandal of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh. It is located 40 miles (64 km) south of Guntur City on the Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala Road (NH-214A).
Among its many schools and colleges, Bapatla is very well known for Bapatla Engineering College (also called BEC), Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural College Bapatla, and the College of Agricultural Engineering (also called CAE), College of Food Science and Technology and Bapatla Polytechnic College.
BEC is located four km south west of Bapatla on the way to Chirala and hosts a wide range of courses. It was established in 1980 and is renowned as one of the finest engineering colleges in Andhra Pradesh. BEC is known for its excellence in procuring a large number of GATE ranks every year. It attained GATE 143rd rank in 2012.
The College of Agricultural Engineering located on the Bapatla-Karlapalem road, hosts various courses in agriculture and agricultural engineering. The College of Food Science and Technology is located near guntur railway over-bridge. These two colleges are affiliated with the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University and are the first of its kind in the state.
The Agricultural College, established in 1945, is the oldest Agricultural college in Andhra Pradesh affiliated with Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad. It is situated in the middle of the town on the Suryalanka Road. There are also a number of research institutes of the Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University (previously Andhra Pradesh Agricultural University) in Bapatla, such as the Rice Research Unit, Cashew Research Station (now affiliated with Dr. Y. S. Rajashekar Reddy University), Saline Water Research Station, among others. The college has a farm of 200 acres at the Guntur Railway Gate. "BPT" varieties of rice which were known for their fine quality and taste were developed at the Agricultural College.
A number of well-known schools add to the town's status. Highly regarded are The Holy cross E.M School, The Bapatla Public School, Little Angels High School, Sri Tagore's Institutes, Sadhana High School and St.Paul's High School. There are some old schools in the center of the town such as the Municipal High School, ABM High School, S.A.High School and AVV High School.
The Bhavannarayana Swami Temple, located in the centre of the town is one of the oldest temples of Andhra Pradesh. It was constructed by Krimikantha Chola in 465 and was renovated by Raja Vasireddi Venkatadrinaidu of Amaravathi kingdom in 1856. This temple has been preserved for years by the Archaeological department of India. On 23 October 2011, the temple's galigopuram (main entrance) collapsed, due to the alleged negligence of the Archaeological department. The galigopuram stood as a 75-foot tower, close to a five-storied building.
There is also the Sri Sankara Vidyalayam, Veda Patasala near the Bhavannarayana Swami temple established by Sri Bramhananda Teertha Swami in year 1916 and run by Sri Sankara Vidyalaya Sangham. The Sai Baba Temple, located at the outskirts of the town, is dedicated to Sai Baba of Shirdi who devotees regard as a saint.
The Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple is located in Sri Bendapudi Sitaravamma Gari Thota in the SNP Agraharam. The buildings in the Agraharam are mainly three temples; the Sri Lakshmi Padmavathi Sametha Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple (which has idols in black stone) the Sri Abhya Anjaneya Swami Temple (which has idols in white stone) and the Sri Subramanya Swami Temple (which has idols of Lord Venkateswara Swami in black stone as well as white stone). In the 1970s the late Bendapudi Sitaravamma constructed the Venkateswara Swami temple having idols of white stone (Pala Raathi Vigraham), later her son Sri Bendapudi Venkata Subbarao, constructed another temple having idols of black stone (Nalla Raathi Vigraham). This was in 1991 with the help of local devotees like Maddineni Lingamma, and Sri Hari Kunta Ramarao. Sravanaa Nakshtra puja (Hinduism), Lakshmi Ammavari Puja, and Anjaneya Swami Puja on Tuesdays are also special here. Brahmotsavas are conducted between February and March every year. Currently this temple is managed by Srengeri Sarada Matt, Srengeri, Karanataka.
Also located in SNP Agraharam is the Sri Ganga Parvatha vardani Sametha Ramalingeswara Swami Temple. Aarudra Nakshtra Puja, Shanti Puja, Ayyappa Bhajana and Karthikaa Masa Puja takes place at it.
Bapatla is known for rice business and rice trading. There are many rice mills in and around town with modern machines. Farming is also an occupation in Bapatla; ancient farming techniques are well followed and implemented over here. It is also known for its vegetable markets, especially with the quality of Brinjals.
Air Force airbase
The Indian Air Force has an emergency airbase located about 9 km from Baptala in a village, Suryalanka. The airbase is located on the shore of the Bay of Bengal hence it is often used for the testing of missile launches in the ocean.
Until 1993, the "Vijaya Krishna Bus Service" owned and managed by nutalapati chenchulu a farmer and businessman, was a prominent mode of transport. Bapatla railway station has two main tracks located on the main line that connects Vijayawada and Chennai. The APSRTC operates buses of different kinds starting from the old bus stand to the major cities of Guntur, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Repalle, Chirala Ongole and Tenali.
The center of the town is called Gadiyaram Stambam center, which had an old clock tower located at the crossroads between the two main roads of Bapatla. Despite of opposition, the clock tower was demolished in 2011 for road widening purposes. However the name has remained in use as it has always been known to refer to the centre for shops and local businesses. Pata Bus Stand (the old bus stand) is at another major junction, which acts as a backup bus station for the many passengers that travel to Suryalanka Beach, Guntur, Vijayawada, Hyderabad, Chirala, Repalle, Tenali, Karlapalem, Khajipalem, Pittala vari palem, Nizampatnam, Nagaram[disambiguation needed], Rajavolu, Cherukupalle, Parchuru, Pedanandipadu, Chandole, Kurnool, Sindanoor, Ponnur, Sattenapalli, Piduguralla, Miryalaguda, Nalgonda, Vinukonda, Kothapet, Badrachalam, Cherla, Eluru, Tadepalligudam, Tanuku, Rajamundry, Ravulapalem, Ramachandrapuram[disambiguation needed], Kakinada. Every ten minutes a bus is available to go to Gutnur, twenty minutes to Vijayawada, ten minutes to Chirala. Haritha resorts on the beach is run by the government of Andhra Pradesh.
Bapatla is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh.
List of elected members:
- 1951 – Vemulapalli Srikrishna
- 1955 – Manthena Venkata Raju
- 1962 – Kommineni Venkateswara Rao
- 1967, 1972 and 1978 – Kona Prabhakara Rao
- 1983 – C.V.Ramaraju
- 1985 – Ummareddy Venkateswarlu
- 1989 – Chirala Govardhana Reddy
- 1994 – Muppalaneni Seshagiri Rao
- 1999 – Manthena Anantha Varma
- 2004 – Gade Venkata Reddy
- 2009 – Gade Venkata Reddy
Bapatla is a parliament constituency (Lok Sabha) in Andhra Pradesh.
List of elected members:
- 1977-1984 - P. Ankineedu Prasad (INC)
- 1984-1989 - Chimata Sambu (TDP)
- 1989-1991 - Salagala Benjamin (INC)
- 1991-1996 - Daggubati Venkateswara Rao (TDP)
- 1996-1998 - Ummareddy Venkateswarlu (TDP)
- 1998-1999 - Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy (INC)
- 1999-2004 - Daggubati Ramanaidu (TDP)
- 2004-2009 - Daggubati Purandareswari (INC)
- 2009-2014 - Panabaka Lakshmi (INC)
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- "Historic Bapatla temple gopuram collapses – TeluguPeople.com News". Telugupeople.com. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- TNN (24 October 2011). "500-yr-old temple tower comes crashing down – Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Photo of Sri Bhavannarayana Swamy Temple at Bapatla". Panoramio. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "The Archaeology News Network: 500-year-old temple tower comes crashing down". Archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Home – Sri Sankara Vidyalayam, Bapatla". Sankaravidyalayamvedapatasala.webs.com. 25 December 1917. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "AIR FORCE STATION Surya Lanka". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
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