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Bhavapatla / Bhavapuri
Suryalanka Beach, Bapatla
|Named for||Bhavanarayana Swamy|
|• Total||8 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||8,800/km2 (23,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 07|
Bapatla is a Municipal town in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located 27 miles (43 km) south of Guntur City and was formerly known as Bhavapuri and Bhavapatla. The name Bhavapuri was evolved from the deity of Bhavanarayana swamy temple located in the town.
The coordinates of the town are 15.8889° N, 80.4700° E and is located 8 km from the coast of Bay of Bengal. It is located 49 km from Guntur, about 79 km from the state capital Vijayawada. It is 16 km north to Chirala.
Being very close the coast, the town experiences hot summers and cool winters. The maximum temperature ranges between 40 C to 50 C in summer and the minimum temperature ranges between 18 C - 25 C in winter. The precipitation is very high that this place receives an annual rainfall of about 115 cm of rainfall. In the month of October the town receives a maximum rainfall of 23 cm. 
As of 2011[update] Census of India, the town had a population of 70,777. The total population constitute, 34,385 males and 36,392 females —a sex ratio of 1058 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 6,182 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 3,156 are boys and 3,026 are girls—a ratio of 959 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 80.67% with 52,106 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%........
Government and politics
Bapatla is known for rice trading. There are many rice mills in Bapatla which also covers the surrounding areas. Farming is another occupation. It is also known for its vegetable markets, especially for the quality of Brinjals.
Facilitated by about 15 km wide coastline, Bapatla is very good place for fishermen. Fishing is a major source of income for four major villages in the mandal. Wide varieties of fish, prawns and crabs are found in the town's fish market.
Until 1993, the "Vijaya Krishna Bus Service", owned and managed by Panguluri Venkateswarlu, a farmer and businessman, was a prominent mode of transport in and around Bapatla. From 1995, the APSRTC started its operations from the old and new bus stands. The town is located on National Highway 214A. The frequent service available in the town is Vijayawada-Guntur-Bapatla-Chirala. Other services include Nizampatnam, Repalle, Cherukupalli, Kakumanu etc.  Bapatla railway station is located on the Howrah-Chennai main line.
Educational and Research
Among its many schools and colleges, Bapatla is known for Bapatla Engineering College, College of Food Science and Technology, Bapatla Polytechnic College, Bapatla College of Arts & Sciences
Research Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, the Agricultural College, established in 1945, is the oldest Agricultural college in Andhra Pradesh affiliated with Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University. There are also a number of research institutes of this Agricultural University, such as the Rice Research Unit, Cashew Research Station, Saline Water Research Station, among others. The college has a farm of 200 acres at the Guntur Railway Gate. "BPT" varieties of rice, which were known for their fine quality and taste, were developed at the Agricultural College.
Air Force base The Indian Air Force has an emergency airbase located about 8 km from Baptala in a village, Suryalanka. The airbase is located on the shore of the Bay of Bengal hence it is often used for the testing of missile launches in the ocean.
With so much history attached to it, 'Bhavanarayana swamy' temple, is believed to be built 1500 years ago, during the Mauryan reign. This is validated from the telugu inscriptions on the walls of the temple. Its 'Gali Gopuram' was made of single rock which makes the temple more interesting. Chariot festival celebrated every summer brings lot of pilgrims to the town. In 2011 the 'Gali Gopuram' of this temple collapsed and made all the headlines.
Suryalanka Beach is a famous beach at a distance of 8 km from the town, visited by many people. Haritha resorts and restaurant on the beach is run by the government of Andhra Pradesh. The bucolic serenity of the beach is the key factor in dragging natural beauty lovers to this beach.
Every year on 'Karthika pournami', the beach is been visited by more than one lakh people fr0m all over the state. 
- Reddy, V.V. Subba (2009). Temples of South India. New Delhi: Gyan Pub. House. p. 82. ISBN 978-81-212-1022-5. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- "Elevation for Pedakurapadu". Velor outes. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Census 2011" (pdf). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Adminsistrative divisions of Guntur district". guntur.nic.in. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- "Sex Ratio". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- "Bapatla Assembly 2014 Election Results". Elections.in. Retrieved 13 October 2014.
- "National Highways in A.P". AP Online Portal. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
- Bapatla Engineering College
- College of Food Science & Technology - Bapatla :: ACHARYA N G RANGA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY ::
- ":: Bapatla Polytechnic College ::". Bpcbapatla.net. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "The Bapatla College of Arts & Sciences". bcasbapatla.ac.in. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- :: Acharya N G Ranga Agricultural University ::
- "AIR FORCE STATION Surya Lanka". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
- "Bapatla Guntur Pincode". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
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