Repalle

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Repalle
రేపల్లె
Town (Municipality)
Repalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Repalle
Repalle
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°01′02″N 80°49′46″E / 16.01722°N 80.82944°E / 16.01722; 80.82944Coordinates: 16°01′02″N 80°49′46″E / 16.01722°N 80.82944°E / 16.01722; 80.82944
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Guntur
Area rank 9
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 50,866
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 522265
Telephone code +91–8648
Vehicle registration AP–07
Coastline 37 kilometres (23 mi)
Sex ratio 1:1 /
Literacy 76%
Lok Sabha constituency Bapatla
Vidhan Sabha constituency Repalle
Website Repalle Municipality

Repalle is a Municipal town in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is situated in on the banks of the River Krishna, in Coastal Andhra region of the state.

History[edit]

The name Repalle is actually formed from two words Revu (river or bank of river) and Palle (village). Traditionally known as Revupalle, over time the name has evolved to Repalle.

Suryadevara Nayakas ruled Repalle - Rachuru Kingdom (Pulivavaru Seema) around 1400 CE to 1500 CE. They belonged to Telugu Cholas lineage. The clan constructed Rachuru and Peteru Forts. Suryadevara nayaka were commanders in the army of Vijayanagara Kings in 14th and 15th centuries. The Suryadevara nayakas are seen in the inscriptions from 1500 CE onwards. They played a prominent role in the battles of Sri Krishnadevaraya with Gajapathi Kings of Kalinga. Prominent Suryadevara nayaks were Timma, Yerra and Musalayya. The Suryadevara fortunes declined after the battle of Tallikota. Rachuru fort was given to a Zamindar Manikyarao by Golkonda ruler Qutb Shah in 1600 CE.

During British imperial rule, Repalle Taluk was located in Machilipatnam district, which was later divided into Krishna and Godavari districts. In 1904 Krishna District was again separated into Krishna and Guntur Districts. Repalle Taluk was divided into Repalle and Tenali Taluks on 1 July 1909.

Geography[edit]

Repalle is located at 16°01′N 80°31′E / 16.01°N 80.51°E / 16.01; 80.51.[2] It has an average elevation of 7 metres (22 feet). The nearest towns are Tenali, Bapatla of Guntur district and Machilipatnam of Krishna district.

Climate[edit]

Repalle is located 25 km from the sea coast. It is generally hot and humid during summer with temperatures ranging between 28 and 42 C. Winters are milder with temperatures between 15 and 30 C. Heavy rains are experienced between July and November during monsoon time.

Politics[edit]

Repalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Repalle, Nagaram, Cherukupalle, Nizampatnam Mandal's are in Repalle Assembly Constituency. Repalle falls in Bapatla Lok Sabha Constituency.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[3] Repalle had a population of 1,04,190. Males constitute about 50% of the population and females 50%. Repalle has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 67%. In Repalle, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

The most important activity is agriculture. The region has dry lands and wet lands. Paddy and black gram are cultivated on wet lands and corn is grown on the dry lands. As the Krishna west canal does not provide irrigation for rabi season, the fields are left empty during the summer. Aquaculture, mostly prawns, meant for the export are cultivated along the banks of Krishna river. Dairy and poultry is practiced mainly to supplement the agricultural income.

Peteru, Isukapalli are some of the main handloom weaving centres in Repalle. Isukapalli Handloom Weavers Co-operative Society Ltd is producing quality bed sheets,towels, lungies,modern handkerchiefs. Peteru is home to handlooms and the cloth woven here is sold in all parts of the state.

Industrial[edit]

VANPIC Ports Private Limited is developing (Vadarevu and Nizampatnam Port & Industrial Corrider) a world class, State of - the art Port - Based Industrial Corridor comprising two ports, Shipyard, Multi Product Industrial Parks, Special Economic Zones (SEZ), Power Plants and Airport between Nizampatnam - Kothapatnam in an area of 25,000 acres (10,000 ha).

Transport[edit]

Road

The town is well connected to NH 214 A, Digamarru (West Godavari) - Ongole road line and 68 km from NH 5 (Kolkota - Chennai highway). It has a bus depot, where buses are available for various towns and villages around Repalle namely Tenali, Ponnur, Bapatla, Chirala, Guntur, Vijayawada and also to state capital Hyderabad. After penumudi krishna river barrage is complete, travel time is reduced from Repalle reach to Krishna district.

Rail

Repalle is the terminus for the Tenali - Repalle line of Guntur division. It has regular passenger train services to Tenali, Guntur and Secunderabad. The railway and bus stations are in close proximity.

Sea

Nizampatnam sea port is located 25 km from Repalle, A medium-sized modern port is planned for Nizampatnam, which will include terminals for bulk cargo, Intermodal containers, and liquefied natural gas. VANPIC Ports Pvt Ltd is currently executing Nizampatnam Port development.

Education[edit]

There are many colleges of Intermediate, I.T.I. Degree and Postgraduation. Some of them include

  • A.B.R Government Degree College
  • Smt Nandamuri Basava Tarakuri Memorial Degree College for Women (SNBTM)
  • SNBTM Post Graduate College
  • SNBTM College of Education for Women
  • Repalle Christian College of Nursing
  • SNBTM College of Engineering and Technology, Repalle

Tourist places[edit]

  • Penumudi: Bank of the river Krishna located 5 km from Repalle. The bridge is set in picturesque surroundings and is longer than Vijayawada's Prakasham barrage. It is the second longest bridge in Andhra Pradesh.[citation needed]
  • Rajavolu Nadivelamma Talli Temple is famous temple in Rajavolu.
  • Bhattiprolu, located 11 km from Repalle, is well known for its Buddhist stupa built in the 3 rd century BC.
  • Challapalli Fort, located at a distance of 18nb&sp;km the fort was built in 1576. Nizampatnam, at a distance of 25 km from Repalle is a seaport town.
  • Krishna Wild Life Sanctuary in Avanigadda, loacetd 12 km from Repalle town, is spread among two districts of Krishna district and Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh and the sanctuary covers an area more than 194.81 km2. It is home to the last surviving mangrove forests in the Krishna estuary and has unique flora & fauna.
  • Hamsaladeevi: is the place where River Krishna confluences with Bay of Bengal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Repalle, India Page". Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

External links[edit]