||The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. (May 2012)|
|Type||Public limited company|
|Traded as||NSE – CAIRN, BSE – 532792|
|Industry||Oil and gas|
|Headquarters||4th Floor, Vipul Plaza Sector 54, SunCity, Golf Course Road Gurgaon, Haryana 122002 India|
|Area served||India & Sri Lanka|
|Key people||P Elango
|Products||Oil and Gas|
|Revenue||US $3,223 million (FY 2012—13)|
Cairn India (NSE – CAIRN, BSE – 532792) is headquartered in Gurgaon, India. It is engaged in the business of oil and gas exploration and production. Cairn India is one of the largest independent oil and gas exploration and production companies in India. Cairn and its JV partners’ account for more than a fifth of India’s domestic crude oil production. It has been operating in India for more than fifteen years. Cairn India’s producing assets are in Rajasthan, Cambay and Ravva. Cairn India has a portfolio of nine blocks, that it operates, which are located in four strategically focused areas: one in Rajasthan; two on the west coast of India; five on the east coast of India (including one in offshore Sri Lanka) and one in offshore South Africa.
Cairn produces oil and gas from three blocks in India: Ravva in Andhra Pradesh, CB-OS/2 in Gujarat and RJON-90/1 in Rajasthan. In 2007, Cairn India was listed on the National Stock Exchanges and as on date has a market capitalisation of ~$14 billion and amongst the top 25 Indian company in the NIFTY 50 index. Top 250 Global Energy Company Rankings by Platts, ranked Cairn India for being the World's fastest-growing energy company in 2011.
In 1979, Sir Bill Gammell founded Cairn Energy PLC. In 1988, the company was listed on the London Stock Exchange. Sir Bill Gammell became its first chief executive and has held this position for more than two decades, overseeing the organisation’s transformation to one of the largest independent exploration and production companies in Europe. As the Indian oil and gas market deregulated in the early 1990s, Cairn’s focus turned to this region, acquiring Command Petroleum Ltd in 1996, an Australian-quoted company with interests in South Asia. Cairn Energy PLC, a FTSE 100 company, was one of the first UK companies to invest in the Indian oil and gas sector.
In early 1999, Cairn made the first Rajasthan discovery – Guda field, followed by Saraswati in 2001 and Raageshwari in 2003. Kaameshwari field and GR-F field were other two discoveries.In 2003, Cairn acquired 100% of the exploration interest and took over as the operator of the block.
Ravva block in eastern coast of India was the first offshore oil and gas field to be developed, followed by the Lakshmi gas field in western India, which was discovered in 2000 and commenced production in 2002. In January 2004, Cairn India added the Mangala oil field in Rajasthan to its assets and this, along with, the other discoveries in Rajasthan.
On 9 January 2007, Cairn India Limited was listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India.
Two of blocks are located onshore in the Barmer and Krishna-Godavari Basins, and the remaining seven blocks are all located offshore in the Krishna-Godavari Basin, the Palar-Pennar Basin, the Cambay Basin, and the Mumbai Offshore Basin in India, and the frontier Mannar Basin in Sri Lanka and the Orange Basin in South Africa.
Cairn – Vedanta deal 
Vedanta Resources PLC initially reached an agreement to acquired 58.5% of Cairn India for a total consideration of $8.67 billion in August 2010, with final shareholder approval in December.
Vedanta ownership 
While waiting on government approval on its agreement with Cairn Energy, Vedanta acquired an additional 18.5% on the open market including a 10.4% stake from Petronas for $1.5 billion.
Corporate affairs 
- Chairman: Naveen Agarwal – Mr. Agarwal is Vedanta’s Deputy Executive chairman and was appointed to the Vedanta board of directors in November 2004.
- CEO: P Elango - In August 2012, the Board appointed P Elango, Director Strategy and Business Services and a member of Cairn India’s Executive Committee, as the Interim CEO. P Elango is a long-time Cairn veteran and has been with Cairn for over 17 years
- Non-Executive and independent director-Edward T Story: A science graduate from Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas and is an MBA from University of Texas.
- Non-Executive and independent director – Naresh Chandra: Is an MSc in Mathematics from Allahabad University and is a retired IAS officer. Previously, Mr Chandra was the Chairman of the Committee on Corporate Governance, India’s Ambassador to the USA, Advisor to the prime minister, Governor of Rajasthan, Cabinet Secretary to the Government of India, and Chief Secretary to the Government of Rajasthan.
- Non-Executive and independent director – Aman Mehta: Is an economics graduate from Delhi University. He was the chief executive officer of HSBC Asia Pacific until 2003. Mr Mehta is currently an independent non-executive director of several public companies in India as well as overseas.
- Non-Executive and independent director – Omkar Goswami: Holds Master of Economics degree from Delhi School of Economics, and a D.Phil. in Economic History from Oxford University. He has taught in several academic institutions in India and abroad; edited one of India’s best known business magazines; was the Chief Economist of the Confederation of Indian Industry; and is the Executive Chairman of CERG Advisory Private Limited, a consulting and advisory firm.
- non-executive director – Tarun Jain : Is the Director of Finance of Sterlite. Mr. Jain joined Sterlite in 1984 and has over 27 years of experience in corporate finance, accounts, audit, taxation and secretarial practice.
- non-executive director – Priya Agarwal: Had experience in Public Relations with Ogilvy & Mather and in Human Resources with KornFerry International, Vedanta Resources and HDFC Bank.
Andhra Pradesh 
The Ravva oil and gas field in the Krishna- Godavari Basin was developed in partnership with Cairn India, ONGC, Videocon and Ravva Oil, under a production sharing contract (PSC) that runs until 2019. Currently, eight unmanned offshore platforms are being operated. A 225 acre onshore processing facility at Surasaniyanam processes natural gas and crude oil from the Ravva field. The Ravva onshore terminal operates to the internationally environmental standard – ISO 14001 – and has the capacity to handle 70,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd), 95 million standard cubic feet per day (mmscfd) of natural gas and 110,000 barrels per day of injection water. The terminal also has the capacity to store one million barrels of crude oil onshore.
The Ravva field has produced more than 253 million barrels of crude and sold 317 billion cubic feet of gas; about thrice the initial estimates. During the financial year, the plant uptime was 99.7% demonstrating superb operational efficiency. The asset recorded 1.61 million LTI free hours during the year. The offshore production platform at Ravva received the Oil Industry Safety Award for the year 2010–11.
In 2002, gas production commenced from the Lakshmi gas field, which is situated in Block CB/OS-2 in the Cambay Basin of the west coast of India in the Gulf of Khambhat. The Gauri offshore gas field was discovered in 2001 and came on-stream in 2004. CB-X, a marginal gas field in the transition zone of the CB/OS-2 block was in production between June 2007 and August 2009. The Lakshmi and Gauri fields commenced production of oil in addition to its gas production in 2005. The CB/OS-2 Block has completed 10 years of production and crossed a cumulative production of over 50 mmboe hydrocarbons. Safety and operational integrity have been a strong area of focus for the CB/OS-2 asset operations team. The asset team recorded 0.93 million LTI free hours and delivered facilities uptime of 99.9% during FY 2012-13.. The block has recorded more than nine million safe work hours over the last seven years.
The Mangala field in Rajasthan, which was discovered in January 2004, is the largest onshore oil discovery in India in more than 20 years. The Mangala, Bhagyam and Aishwariya (MBA) fields have gross recoverable oil reserves and resources of over one bn boe. This includes proven plus probable (2P) gross reserves and resources of 636 mm boe with a further 308 mm boe or more of EOR resource potential.
The Mangala, Bhagyam and Aishwariya (MBA) fields have gross recoverable oil reserves and resources of approximately one billion barrels. Production from the Rajasthan Block currently contributes more than 23% of India’s domestic production. Cairn India plans to drill in excess of 450 wells in the Rajasthan block over a three year period; includes 100 Exploration and Appraisal (E&A) wells and the balance as development wells to sustain and enhance production volumes.Cairn India made its 26th discovery in the RJ-ON-90/1 block in Rajastan. Oil Discovery In Rajasthan Cairn India's renewed exploration efforts resulted in an oil discovery, the 26th discovery so far in the RJ-ON-90/1 block, following recent policy clarity by Government of India (GoI) to conduct exploration activity in development blocks. The Management Committee approved the exploration work programme for the RJON-90/1 block on 14 February, 2013, post which Cairn India, the Operator of the block, commenced the drilling of its first Exploration well, Raageshwari-South-1, on 25 February, 2013 located in the southern part of the block.
Mangala : At Mangala, a total of 148 development wells have been drilled and completed with 96 producers and 33 injectors operationalised. The Company has successfully drilled and completed 11 horizontal wells at MangalaMangala field is producing at plateau rates; infill wells are planned this year for sustaining and extending plateau andgoing forward, the Company intends to bring other wells on stream in a staged manner. Bhagyam: Bhagyam is the second largest field in the Rajasthan block, with an approved production plateau of 40,000 bopd. A total of 62 development wells have been drilled till date with 21 producers and four injectors operational; 12 producer wells are yet to be drilled.Bhagyam field is expected to ramp up to approved rate in H2 FY2013-14; and additional wells are planned this year. Both Mangala and Bhagyam are connected to the Mangala Processing Terminal (MPT), which processes the crude oil from the Rajasthan fields.
Aishwariya: The Aishwariya field is the third largest discovery in the Rajasthan block. Following an assessment of higher production potential and design optimisation due to increased reserves and resources, Cairn India has commenced development work in the field. Now Aishwariya field has commenced oil production and is the fifth oil field in the Rajasthan block to come online.The oil production from Aishwariya field was inaugurated on 23rd March 2103, by the Hon’ble Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dr M VeerappaMoily in Barmer, Rajasthan in the presence of the Hon’ble Chief Minister Shri Ashok Gehlot, the Hon’ble Union Minister of State of Petroleum and Natural Gas Smt. P. Lakshmi. The field will achieve a gradual and safe ramp up to reach the currently approved FDP rate of 10,000 bopd.
Raageshwari Deep Gas Field: The Raageshwari Deep Gas field is meant to supply gas to meet the energy requirements at the MPT and the Mangala Development Pipeline, which runs approximately 670 km from Barmer to Viramgam to Salaya and then on to Bhogat, near Jamnagar, on the Arabian Sea coast. Saraswati and Raageshwari Fields: The Saraswati Field, which commenced production in May 2011, is currently producing at a rate of 250 bopd. Till date, it has produced over 75,000 barrels of oil. This oil is processed at the MPT, and blended with the Mangala oil which is sold through the pipeline. The marginal oil field at Raageshwari also commenced production in March 2012.. The Raageshwari and Saraswati fields continue to cumulatively contribute over 500 bopd towards the total production from the block. Cairn India plans to drill in excess of 450 wells in the Rajasthan block over a three year period; includes 100 Exploration and Appraisal (E&A) wells and the balance as development wells to sustain and enhance production. Cairn India commenced gas sales from the Raageshwari field on 23rd March 2013.
Commencement of Sale of Gas – Rajasthan Block 
On 23 March 2013, The Cairn-ONGC Joint Venture (JV) commenced commercial sale of gas from the Rajasthan Block (RJ-ON-90/1). Initial commercial volumes will be about 5 mmscf per day. The gas sales was inaugurated by the Hon’ble Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Dr M VeerappaMoily in Barmer, Rajasthan in the presence of the Hon’ble Chief Minister Shri Ashok Gehlot, the Hon’ble Union Minister of State of Petroleum and Natural Gas Smt. P. Lakshmi. The RJ-ON-90/1 block currently produces about 30 mmscf of gas per day from the Raageshwari Deep Gas field and as associated gas along with crude oil from the Mangala and Bhagyam fields. The continued exploration program in the block targets several other gas prospects that are expected to add to the production of natural gas from the block over the years. This is expected to pave the way in future for developing the Rajasthan state as a gas-based economy.
Midstream operations 
The Mangala Processing Terminal: The Mangala Processing Terminal (MPT) spread over an area of 1.6 km2 and is located 40 km from the nearest town, Barmer. The MPT processes crude oil extracted from the Rajasthan fields. Following the processing, the crude oil is transported to distant consumer refineries through a 24” diameter continuously heated and insulated pipeline. The MPT integrated production facilities support FDP approved production of 175,000 bopd.
The Mangala Development Pipeline: The Mangala Development Pipeline (MDP) is the world’s longest continuously heated and insulated pipeline and will have access to 75% of India’s refining capacity. The MDP originates from Mangala Processing Terminal (MPT) in the Mangala Field and passes through two states (Rajasthan and Gujarat), eight districts and travels up to ~670 km before it reaches its end at the coastal location of Bhogat near Jamnagar on the western coast line of India. About 154 km of the pipeline is in Rajasthan and the rest in Gujarat. The MDP is a 24" crude oil pipeline which is using Skin Effect Heat Management System (SEHMS) to ensure that the crude oil remains above the Wax Appearance Temperature (WAT) of 65 Deg C, through the pipeline. It has 8" gas line which feeds gas to all the ~36 Above Ground Installations located at every ~ 18 km distance along the pipeline which produces the necessary power to keep the pipeline at the required temperature. The gas needed to fire the boilers and, more importantly, to generate the power to heat the waxy crude at an average of 65-degree Celsius along the pipeline, comes from the Raageshwari gas field, located 90 km away from the MPT.
In addition, there is an intermediate terminal at Viramgam for storage and further pumping to the coast, including a pigging facility. There are two other pigging stations at Sanchore and Wankaner to insert 'pigs' (pipeline cleaning devices) that are used to clean and inspect the pipeline. The pipeline crosses all major crude oil carrier pipelines in the Western part of India and thus, offers potential of blending the Rajasthan crude with these large crude carrier lines. As it terminates at coastal location, the marine facilities are designed to load the crude oil carriers to transport the crude oil to other coastal refiners as well.
The pipeline also incorporates the first of its kind Pipeline Intrusion Detection System. This provides security along the entire length, utilising a fibre optic electronic vibration system that generates an alarm. This is linked to a central control unit via a Geographic Information System (GIS)-based mapping system. The entire length of the pipeline is monitored at the MPT, Viramgam and Bhogat terminals for flow, temperature, pressure, and other operational parameters.
Phase 1 of the pipeline construction fom MPT to Salaya, in Gujarat, includes spur lines to connect to private refiners and another spur line at Radhanpur to connect with the Indian Oil Corporation Limited’s (IOCL’s) Mundra to Panipat crude pipeline. Since then, oil was introduced in the pipeline on 13 May 2010 and has began commercial sales to IOCL and private refiners. The pipeline construction from Barmer to Salaya was completed in a record time of 18 months. Phase II: From Salaya to the Bhogat terminal on the Arabian Sea coast, and a pipeline connecting the terminal to the marine facilities is under construction
International operations: Sri Lanka 
The Block SL 2007-01-001 was awarded to Cairn Lanka Private Limited, the wholly owned subsidiary of Cairn India. Cairn Lanka commenced its 3D seismic survey in the Mannar Basin in Sri Lanka on 10 December 2009 and the data is currently being processed. The acquisition programme, which was launched by the Honourable President of Sri Lanka, Mahinda Rajapaksa, fulfilled the commitment of 1450 km2 of 3D seismic data acquisition. The Mannar basin is an under-explored frontier basin, with both structural and stratigraphic plays.
The drillship ‘Chikyu’ was mobilised and three well exploration drilling campaign in the SL 2007-01-001 block commenced in August 2011. Cairn Lanka’s drilling programme is the first successful programme in Sri Lanka in 30 years and has established a working petroleum system in the frontier Mannar Basin.
The drilling of the phase-II exploration well has been completed in February, 2013. The well encountered high quality reservoir sands; however these sands were water bearing. The well was plugged and abandoned and the rig was demobilized. The results of the well are being integrated with reprocessed 3D seismic data to finalize the forward programme which includes the options for appraisal of the existing two discoveries and entering exploration phase-III.
South Africa 
Cairn India has acquired an exploration block in South Africa (‘Block 1’) and has signed a farm-in agreement with PetroSA, the South African National Oil Company, Block 1 covers a large area of 19,922 km2 and is currently in the initial stages of exploration. It has an existing gas discovery and identified oil & gas leads and prospects. Located in the geologically proven Orange Basin along the northwestern maritime border of South Africa with Namibia, the block is on trend with the discovered Kudu and Ibhubesi gas fields. Cairn India will hold a 60% interest in the block and will be the Operator, while PetroSA will hold the remaining interest. Government approval has been received for transfer and assignment of PetroSA’s Participating Interest (PI) to Cairn in Block 1. The assignment agreement was executed in February, 2013. The 3D survey acquisition commenced in March, 2013 and is likely to be completed within this quarter. As on date more than 80% of the survey has been completed.
Cairn India has Co-sponsored the Indian Hockey senior teams for a tenure of three years. This association, for a sum of several crores per annum, will cover the senior and junior national men and women teams. Cairn India announced the three year association with Hockey India in the presence of Hockey India officials and the captains of the men and women hockey teams. Cairn India’s association with Hockey India reinforces its commitment towards securing a positive future for the nation. Cairn has decided to join forces with the national game of the country and plans through several initiatives to encourage the sport amongst the new generation.
Awards and recognition 
- Winner of 2012 Platts Top 250 Global Energy Company award for the Fastest growing company in Asia and the World
- Winner of 2012 FICCI Safety Excellence award for Manufacturing conferred to Ravva Asset
- Winner of 2012 PetroFed award for O&G Pipeline Transportation Company of the Year
- Winner of Blue Dart Global CSR Award, 2012
- Winner of 2011 Spotlight Awards by League of American Communications Professionals
- Cairn India awarded 'Superbrand' status, 2011
- Cairn sells its first crude from Rajasthan to MRPL
- Mangala oil field marks ‘beginning of a new era’: Manmohan Singh
- Cairn India strikes oil, gas in Rajasthan
- Cairn India world’s fastest-growing energy co: Platts
- Mangala crude output can be ramped up to 150,000 bpd: Cairn
- Cairn's Rajasthan Field May Yield $3 Billion a Year
- starts crude oil supplies through pipeline
- Does Sri Lanka have petroleum? Cairn to answer in first quarter 2012
- First gas deposits found off Sri Lanka coast
- Cairn to start Sri Lanka oil exploration 2nd phase
- Cairn India wins PetroFed award for O&G Pipeline Transportation Company of the Year
- Cairn India wins Blue Dart Global CSR Award 2012
- Cairn India conferred the Platinum Award of LACP
- Cairn India accorded 'Superbrand' status