Shades of brown

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Main article: Brown
BrownHow to read this color infobox
Color icon brown v2.svg
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #964B00
sRGBB  (rgb) (150, 75, 0)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 50, 100, 41)
HSV       (h, s, v) (30°, 100%, 59%)
Source [Unsourced]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)
Some shades of Brown
Brown (X11)  
Pale Brown  
Medium Brown  
Dark Brown  

Brown is a composite color which can be produced by a mixture of orange and black--as can be seen in the color box at right. The color brown shown at right has a hue code of 30, signifying that is a shade of orange. It can also be made by combining red, yellow and black [1] or, in the RGB color model used to create all the colors on computer and television screens, by combining red and green light at different intensities. Brown color names are often not very precise, and some shades, such as beige, can refer to a wide variety of colors, including shades of yellow or red. Browns are usually described as light or dark, reddish, yellowish, or gray-brown. There are no standardized names for shades of brown; the same shade may have different names on different color lists, and sometimes the one name (such as beige or puce) can refer refers to several very different colors. The X11 color list of web colors lists seventeen different shades of brown, but the complete list of browns is much longer.

Brown colors are dark or muted shades of reds, oranges, and yellows which are created on computer and television screens using the RGB color model and in printing with the CMYK color model. Browns can also be created by mixing two complementary colors from the RYB color model (combining all three primary colors). In theory, such combinations should produce black, but produce brown because most commercially available blue pigments tend to be comparatively weaker; the stronger red and yellow colors prevail, thus creating the following tones. Below is a list of some of the common brown colors.

Red-brown (web color "brown")[edit]

Red-BrownHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #A52A2A
sRGBB  (rgb) (165, 42, 42)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 75, 75, 35)
HSV       (h, s, v) (0°, 75%, 65[2]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The web color called "brown" is displayed at right.

The historical and traditional name for this color is red-brown.

The color shown above at the top right at the head of this article (color #964B00) is the color normally and traditionally regarded as brown—a medium dark orange. Its h (hue) code is 30, which signifies a shade of orange. The color to the immediate right (color #A52A2A) that was chosen as the web color "brown"—a medium dark red—is the color traditionally called red-brown. That this color is a shade of red and not orange can be easily ascertained by inspecting its h (hue) code, which is 0, signifying a shade of red.

The first recorded use of red-brown as a color name in English was in 1682.[3]


Additional variations of brown[edit]

Beaver[edit]

BeaverHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #9F8170
sRGBB  (rgb) (159, 139, 112)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 19, 30, 38)
HSV       (h, s, v) (22°, 30%, 62[4]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Beaver is a color that is a representation of the average color of the fur of a beaver.

The first recorded use of beaver as a color name in English was in 1705.[5]

The color "beaver" was formulated as one of the Crayola colors in 1998.

Etymologically, it's believed that both the words "brown" and "beaver" ultimately stem from the same root word.[6]

Beige[edit]

Main article: Beige
BeigeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F5F5DC
sRGBB  (rgb) (245, 245, 220)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 0, 10, 4)
HSV       (h, s, v) (60°, 10%, 96%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Beige is a color that is a representation of the color of unbleached wool.

Buff[edit]

Main article: Buff (colour)
BuffHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #F0DC82
sRGBB  (rgb) (240, 220, 130)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 8, 46, 6)
HSV       (h, s, v) (49°, 46%, 94%)
Source Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Buff is a pale yellow-brown color that got its name from the colour of buffed leather.[7]

Buff is the color of fine undyed leathers

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, buff as a descriptor of a colour was first used in the London Gazette of 1686, describing a uniform to be "A Red Coat with a Buff-colour'd lining".[8]


Burnt umber[edit]

Burnt umberHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #8A3324
sRGBB  (rgb) (138, 51, 36)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 63, 74, 46)
HSV       (h, s, v) (9°, 74%, 54%)
Source Xona.com Color List
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Burnt umber is made by heating raw umber, which dehydrates the iron oxides and changes them partially to the more reddish hematite. It is used for both oil and water color paint.

The first recorded use of burnt umber as a color name in English was in 1650.[9]


Chestnut[edit]

Main article: Chestnut (color)
ChestnutHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #954535
sRGBB  (rgb) (149, 69, 53)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 53, 64, 41)
HSV       (h, s, v) (10°, 54%, 68%)
Source Maerz and Paul
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color chestnut.

Chestnuts can be found on the ground around chestnut trees.


Desert sand[edit]

Main article: Desert sand (color)
Desert SandHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #EDC9AF
sRGBB  (rgb) (237, 201, 175)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 17, 26, 8)
HSV       (h, s, v) (19°, 26%, 92[10]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color desert sand is displayed at right. It may be regarded as a deep shade of beige. It is a pale tint of a color called desert. The color name "desert" was first used in 1920.[11]

Khaki[edit]

Main article: Khaki (color)
KhakiHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C3B091
sRGBB  (rgb) (195, 176, 145)
HSV       (h, s, v) (37°, 26%, 76%)
Source HTML/CSS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the color khaki.

This is the web color called khaki in HTML/CSS.

The color shown at right matches the color designated as khaki in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color, the standard for color nomenclature before the introduction of computers.

The first recorded use of khaki as a color name in English was in 1848.[12]


Kobicha (Brown-nose)[edit]

Brown-noseHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #6B4423
sRGBB  (rgb) (107, 68, 35)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 36, 67, 58)
HSV       (h, s, v) (28°, 67%, 42[13]%)
Source JTC
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color kobicha (brown-nose) is displayed at right. It is one of the Japanese traditional colors that has been in use since 660 CE in the form of various dyes used in designing kimonos.[14][15]

The name kobicha comes from the Japanese for the colour of a type of kelp tea, but the word was often used as a synonym for a form of flattery[16][17] in a curious parallel with the English usage brown nosing'.


Peru[edit]

PeruHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #CD853F
sRGBB  (rgb) (205, 133, 63)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 35, 69, 20)
HSV       (h, s, v) (30°, 69%, 80[18]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the web color Peru.

This color was originally called Peruvian brown.

The first recorded use of Peruvian brown as a color name in English was in 1924.[19]

The color name was changed to peru in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.


Raw umber[edit]

Raw UmberHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #826644
sRGBB  (rgb) (130, 102, 68)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 22, 48, 49)
HSV       (h, s, v) (33°, 48%, 51[20]%)
Source ISCC NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at the right is one version of the color raw umber.

The source of this color is: ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color Sample of Raw Umber (color sample #77).


Rosy brown[edit]

Rosy BrownHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #BC8F8F
sRGBB  (rgb) (188, 143, 143)
HSV       (h, s, v) (359°, 25%, 63%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)

Displayed at right is the web color rosy brown.

The color name rosy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.

Russet[edit]

RussetHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #80461B
sRGBB  (rgb) (128, 70, 27)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 45, 79, 50)
HSV       (h, s, v) (26°, 79%, 50[21]%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Russet is a dark brown color with a reddish-orange tinge.

The first recorded use of russet as a color name in English was in 1562.[22]

The source of this color is the ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names (1955)--Color dictionary used by stamp collectors to identify the colors of stamps.[23]

The name of the color derives from russet, a coarse cloth made of wool and dyed with woad and madder to give it a subdued gray or reddish-brown shade. By the statute of 1363, poor English people were required to wear russet.[24]

Russet, a color of fall, is often associated with sorrow or grave seriousness. Anticipating a lifetime of regret, Shakespeare's character Biron says: "Henceforth my wooing mind shall be express'd / In russet yeas and honest kersey noes." (Love's Labour's Lost, Act V, Scene 1)

Sandy brown[edit]

Sandy BrownHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #F4A460
sRGBB  (rgb) (244, 164, 96)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 33, 61, 4)
HSV       (h, s, v) (28°, 61%, 96[25]%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Sandy brown is a pale shade of brown. Sandy brown is one of the web colors. As its name suggests, it is a shade of brown which is similar to the color of some sands.

The color name sandy brown first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the X11 colors, which in the early 1990s became known as the X11 web colors.



Smokey topaz[edit]

Smokey TopazHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #832A0D
sRGBB  (rgb) (131, 42, 34)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 68, 90, 49)
HSV       (h, s, v) (15°, 90%, 51[26]%)
Source Crayola
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Displayed at right is the color smokey topaz. This color was formulated by Crayola in 1994 as one of the colors in the Gem Tones set.


Tan[edit]

Main article: Tan (color)
TanHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #D2B48C
sRGBB  (rgb) (210, 180, 140)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 14, 33, 18)
HSV       (h, s, v) (34°, 33%, 82%)
Source X11
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Tan is a pale tone of brown. The name is derived from tannum (oak bark) used in the tanning of leather.[27]

The first recorded use of tan as a color name in English was in the year 1590.[28]


Taupe[edit]

Main article: Taupe
TaupeHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #483C32
sRGBB  (rgb) (72, 60, 50)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 60, 60, 30)
HSV       (h, s, v) (30°, 17%, 34%)
Source ISCC-NBS
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The color taupe is a representation of the average color of the fur of the French mole.[29]

The color displayed at right matches the color sample called taupe referenced below in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color.

The first use of "taupe" as a color name in English was in the early 19th century (exact year is not known).[30]

Wood brown[edit]

Wood BrownHow to read this color infobox
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet #C19A6B
sRGBB  (rgb) (193, 154, 107)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 20, 45, 24)
HSV       (h, s, v) (33°, 45%, 76[31]%)
Source Ridgway
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Wood brown is a color that resembles wood.

The source of this color is the 1912 book Color Standards and Color Nomenclature by Robert Ridgway. This color list was intended for biology and botany and is now on the Internet: Ridgway, Color Standards and Color Nomenclature:

Thus, this color name has been in use since 1912.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary definition of brown
  2. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #A52A2A (Red-Brown):
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 190; Color Sample of Red-Brown: Page 33 Plate 5 Color Sample F11 (The color red-brown is listed on page 190 as a variation of the color Bole, under its original 17th century name, “brown-red”)
  4. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #9F8170 (Beaver):
  5. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page190; Color Sample of Beaver: Page 53 Plate 15 Color Sample A6—The color shown above matches the color sample in the book
  6. ^ Harper, Douglas. "beaver". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  7. ^ Paterson, Ian (2003), A Dictionary of Colour (1st paperback ed.), London: Thorogood (published 2004), p. 73, ISBN 1-85418-375-3, OCLC 60411025 
  8. ^ "buff, adj.1". Oxford English Dictionary. OUP. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  9. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 191; Color Sample of Burnt Umber: Page 53 Plate 15 Color Sample A12
  10. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #EDC9AF (Desert Sand):
  11. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 194; Color Sample of Desert: Page 47 Plate 12 Color Sample I7
  12. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 197; Color Sample of Khaki: Page 49 Plate 13 Color Sample J7
  13. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #6B4423 (Brown-nose (Flattery)):
  14. ^ Nagasaki, Seiki. Nihon no dentoshoku : sono shikimei to shikicho, Seigensha, 2001. ISBN 4-916094-53-0
  15. ^ Nihon Shikisai Gakkai. Shinpen shikisai kagaku handobukku, Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai, 1985. ISBN 4-13-061000-7
  16. ^ Nagasaki, Seiki. Nihon no dentoshoku : sono shikimei to shikicho, Seigensha, 2001. ISBN 4-916094-53-0
  17. ^ Nihon Shikisai Gakkai. Shinpen shikisai kagaku handobukku, Tokyo Daigaku Shuppankai, 1985. ISBN 4-13-061000-7
  18. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #CD853F (Peru):
  19. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 201; Color Sample of Peruvian Brown: Page 49 Plate 13 Color Sample L11—The color Peru shown above matches the color sample in the book
  20. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #826644 (Raw Umber):
  21. ^ web.Forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to color #80461B (Russet):
  22. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 203; Color Sample of Russet: Page 37 Plate 14 Color Sample I12
  23. ^ See sample of the color Russet (Color Sample #55) displayed on indicated page: ISCC Color List Page R
  24. ^ R. H. Britnell (1986), Growth and decline in Colchester, 1300–1525, Cambridge University Press, pp. 55–77, ISBN 978-0-521-30572-3 
  25. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #F4A460 (Sandy Brown):
  26. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #832A0D (Smokey Topaz):
  27. ^ "tan". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 2011-09-13. 
  28. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205
  29. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York: 1930 McGraw-Hill page 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, page 183.
  30. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 205; Discussion of Color Taupe, Page 183; Color Sample of Taupe: Page 55 Plate 16 Color Sample A6
  31. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color #C19A6B (Wood Brown):