Beer in Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Russian beer "Fat Man" (Толстяк, Tolstyak) in a plastic bottle

In Russia, beer (Russian: пиво pivo) is the second most popular alcoholic drink after vodka, seen by many as a healthier alternative.[1] The average Russian drank about 12.5 liters of alcohol in 2010, with vodka accounting for more than five liters and beer about four liters.[1]

Russians categorize beer by color rather than fermentation process: Light, Red or Semi-Dark and Dark. Light is more or less equivalent to Lager and the last two are close to Ales. There are also strong beers (6-10% alcohol).[citation needed]

Until 2011, there were no regulations on beer in Russia. Previously, the government declared any beverage with less than 10% alcohol content to be a foodstuff. Therefore, it was sold all hours of the day and consumed heavily in public. The beverage is now regulated in an effort to curtail heavy drinking.[2]

In 2011, there were 561 beer producers operating in Russia. Among them are 40 large producers including Baltika and Stary Melnik, 76 medium scale regional breweries, 263 mini/microbreweries and 182 restaurant breweries.[3]

Production[edit]

Beer production in Russia reduced by 5.1% in 2010, to 102.93 mln hl. [4] But in money terms, the Russian beer market grew by 16% to 598 bln. roubles (or 22% to $19.9 bln).

In 2010, the five leading companies' beer sales by volume reduced by 5% to 83.6 mln hl. Other breweries saw their sales increase by 14%, up to approximately 22 mln hl.[5] The total volume of beer imports in 2010 was about 3.07 mln hl.[6]

Breweries and beers[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Andrew E. Kramer (Jul 20, 2011), Russian Law to Restrict Beer Sales, The New York Times 
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-14232970
  3. ^ "Russian beer producers 2011" (Russian Beer). Beer Business
  4. ^ "Statistic Data" (Russian Beer). Beer Business
  5. ^ "Russia: results of 2010, forecast for 2011" (Russian beer). [http://eng.pivnoe-delo.info/ Beer Business
  6. ^ "Analysis of import beer market in Russia. [http://eng.pivnoe-delo.info/ Beer Business