Beer in Romania
A national association of beer with mititei came into existence during the 1877 Independence War of Romania and after that it saw a spread of beer pubs throughout the Romanian Kingdom. The beer pubs (berării) became a place of social and business meetings for the Romanian urban middle-class. Currently, Romanians are amongst the heaviest beer drinkers in the world, with an annual consumption of over 100 litres per capita in 2007.
Romanian law considers beer and wine to be foodstuffs and therefore they are not subject to the usual tariffs and restrictions imposed upon alcoholic beverages.
The word "beer" in Romanian (bere) is derived from German Bier (itself an early loan from Latin biber), but there is also an obsolete regional word "olovină", of Nordic origin (ole) and related to ale.
Some of the most appreciated Romanian beers are: Ursus (Latin for "bear"), Timișoreana (named after the city of Timişoara), Stejar (Romanian for "oak") - all owned by SABMiller, Bergenbier - owned by Molson Coors, Ciuc (named after Miercurea Ciuc) and Silva (Latin for "forest") - owned by Heineken. Silva and Ursus have also a dark lager variety.
The largest brewing companies in Romania are Ursus Breweries, owned by SABMiller, which has four breweries, in Braşov, Buzău, Cluj-Napoca and Timişoara, and Heineken Romania (previously called Brau Union Romania), which also has four breweries, in Constanţa, Craiova, Miercurea Ciuc and Târgu Mureş.
Other major companies are Bergenbier, owned by Molson Coors, which has facilities in Blaj and Ploieşti, and Tuborg Romania (officially called United Romanian Breweries), part of the Carlsberg Group, which has a brewery in Pantelimon.
Two other national companies are European Drinks, which owns a brewery in Sudrigiu, and Romaqua Group, which owns a brewery near Sebeş. A third national-based company is Albrau, located in Oneşti, which produces its own beer brands, as well as dedicated brands for supermarket or hypermarket chains.
Another company is Martens Galaţi, owned by Brouwerij Martens, which also produces both dedicated beer brands and its own brands. Two other smaller companies which are operating mainly regional are Bermas, based in Suceava, and Imex, located in Satu Mare.
- Diana Tudor (23 January 2008). "Romania enters global top 10 for beer consumption". Ziarul Financiar. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- "Ursus Breweries". Ursus Breweries. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Heineken în România". Heineken Romania. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "About Us". Bergenbier S.A. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Tubrog Romania". Carlsberg Group. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Despre noi". European Drinks. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Despre noi". Romaqua Group. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Despre noi". Albrau Prod. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Despre noi". Martens Galati. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Companie". Bermas. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- "Despre noi". Imex. Retrieved 18 July 2013.