Bert Kaempfert

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Bert Kaempfert
Bert Kaempfert.png
Bert Kaempfert in 1967
Background information
Birth name Berthold Heinrich Kämpfert
Born (1923-10-16)16 October 1923
Barmbek, Hamburg, Germany
Died 21 June 1980(1980-06-21) (aged 56)
Majorca, Spain
Genres Easy listening, instrumental, jazz, big band
Occupations Orchestra leader, composer
Instruments Accordion, clarinet, piano, saxophone
Years active 1939–1980.
Labels Polydor, Decca USA, MCA
Website www.kaempfert.de/en/

Bert Kaempfert (born Berthold Kämpfert; 16 October 1923 – 21 June 1980) was a German orchestra leader and songwriter. He made easy listening and jazz-oriented records and wrote the music for a number of well-known songs, including "Strangers in the Night" and "Moon Over Naples".

Biography[edit]

He was born in Hamburg, Germany, where he received his lifelong nickname, Fips, and studied at the local school of music. A multi-instrumentalist, he was hired by Hans Busch to play with his orchestra before serving as a bandsman in the German Navy during World War II. He later formed his own big band, toured with them, then worked as an arranger and producer, making hit records with Freddy Quinn and Ivo Robić. In 1961, he hired The Beatles to back Tony Sheridan for an album called My Bonnie. The album and its singles, released by Polydor Records, were the Beatles' first commercially released recordings.

Kaempfert's own first hit with his orchestra had been in 1960, "Wonderland by Night". Wonderland by Night couldn't get a hearing in Germany. Instead, Kaempfert brought the track to Decca Records in New York, who released it in America in 1959; with its haunting solo trumpet, muted brass, and lush strings, the single topped the American pop charts and turned Bert Kaempfert and Orchestra into international stars. Over the next few years, he revived such pop tunes as "Tenderly", "Red Roses for a Blue Lady", "Three O'Clock in the Morning", and "Bye Bye Blues", as well as composing pieces of his own, including "Spanish Eyes (Moon Over Naples)", "Danke Schoen", and "Wooden Heart", which were recorded by, respectively, Al Martino, Wayne Newton, and Elvis Presley. For Kaempfert, little may have brought him more personal satisfaction than Nat King Cole recording his "L-O-V-E". Kaempfert as a producer also played a part in the rise of The Beatles when he signed a Liverpool-based singer named Tony Sheridan, who was performing in Hamburg, and needed to recruit a band to play behind him on the proposed sides. He auditioned and signed a quartet from Liverpool called the Beatles, and even cut a couple of interesting sides of theirs, "Ain't She Sweet", sung by rhythm guitarist John Lennon and the instrumental "Cry for a Shadow", co-authored by Lennon and lead guitarist George Harrison during his sessions for Sheridan. Kaempfert's recording of the Beatles, even as a backing band for Sheridan, proved a vital catalyst to their entire subsequent success. None of the Kaempfert-recorded sides resembled the music for which they became famous, but those Polydor sides cut by Kaempfert played an essential role in their story. On October 28, 1961, a man walked into the music store owned by Brian Epstein to ask for a copy of "My Bonnie", recorded by the Beatles, actually credited to Tony Sheridan. The store didn't have it, but Epstein noted the request and was so intrigued by the idea of a Liverpool band getting a record of its own out that he followed up on it personally. This event led to his discovery of the Beatles and, through his effort, their signing by George Martin to Parlophone Records after getting clear of any contractual claim by Polydor.

Many of his tunes became better known as hits for other artists:

Kaempfert's orchestra made extensive use of horns. A couple of numbers that featured brass prominently, "Magic Trumpet" and "The Mexican Shuffle", were played by both Kaempfert's orchestra and by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass, whose initially Mariachi style, in fact, evolved towards the Kaempfert style as the 1960s progressed.[citation needed] The Brass covered "Magic Trumpet", and Kaempfert returned the favor by covering Brass compadre Sol Lake's number "The Mexican Shuffle". The latter tune evolved into a TV ad, The Teaberry Shuffle.

Many of his hits during this period were composed and arranged with the help of fellow German Herb Rehbein, who became a successful bandleader in his own right. Rehbein's death in 1979 shook Kaempfert deeply. Both Kaempfert and Rehbein were posthumously inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame.

In 1963 jazz trumpeter Bobby Hackett recorded a complete album with 12 Kaempfert compositions, Bobby Hackett Plays the Music of Bert Kaempfert. It has now been re-released in the United States under the Sony Records label in the Collectable Jazz Classics series, along with the album Bobby Hackett Plays The Music of Henry Mancini on a "2-in-1" CD.

In 1967 jazz clarinetist Pete Fountain recorded the album Pete Fountain Plays Bert Kaempfert in Hamburg, Germany, with musicians from Kaempfert's orchestra. It featured Kaempfert's signature hits.

In 1967 the Anita Kerr Singers released the LP Bert Kaempfert Turns Us On!, a tribute to Kaempfert, featuring the standard hits.

In 1968 jazz trumpeter Al Hirt recorded the album Al Hirt Plays Bert Kaempfert. It, too, featured Kaempfert’s major hits.

His success as a composer was reflected in five awards received from BMI in 1968 for "Lady", "Spanish Eyes", "Strangers in the Night", "The World We Knew", and "Sweet Maria".

In 1970 Johnny Mathis issued a double-LP album set, Sings the Music of Bacharach & Kaempfert, for Columbia. It consisted of a total 21 tracks in a heavyweight gatefold picture sleeve. The Kaempfert tracks were done in his arrangement style, and the Bacharach tracks were done in the American's unique upbeat style.

By the 1970s, sales of Kaempfert's music had dropped off somewhat, but he continued to record. His version of the Theme from Shaft was admired by composer Isaac Hayes[citation needed] and remained popular with audiences. He expanded the musical scope of his band and recorded in a wide variety of styles. He also began to play live concerts with his orchestra, beginning in 1974, with a successful appearance at London's Royal Albert Hall.

Kaempfert used many musicians who were available in Germany and other parts of Europe, including many of the same players who played for James Last, Kai Warner and Roberto Delgado. He featured such top soloists as trumpeters Charly Tabor, Werner Gutterer, Manfred Moch and Ack van Rooyen, trombonists Åke Persson and Jiggs Whigham, and sax/flute player Herb Geller. Drummer Rolf Ahrens supplied the characteristically simple but steady beat, often playing just a snare drum with brushes.

Another contributor to Kaempfert's music was guitarist/bassist Ladislav "Ladi" Geisler, who popularized the famous "knackbass" (crackling bass) sound, using the Fender Telecaster Bass Guitar, which became the most distinctive feature of many Kaempfert recordings — a treble staccato bass guitar sound in which the bass string was plucked with a pick and immediately suppressed to cancel out any sustain. It was Geisler who lent his guitar amplifier to The Beatles for their recording session with Tony Sheridan, after the band's own equipment proved to be inadequate for recording purposes.[1]

Death[edit]

A cigarette smoker — as illustrated on the posthumous Best of CD — he died suddenly on 21 June 1980, at the age of 56, following a stroke at his home on Majorca, shortly after a successful appearance in Britain.

Influence[edit]

Memorials[edit]

Bert-Kaempfert-Platz Hamburg.jpg

Bert-Kaempfert-Platz, in the Barmbek district of Hamburg, Germany, is named in his honour.[3]

Discography[edit]

Note: titles are for European releases. U.S. releases have other titles.

U.S. singles[edit]

  • Wonderland By Night ( US # 1, 1961 )
  • Cerveza (U.S. #108, Music Vendor, 1959, his first US chart single) (recharted,U.S. #73, 1961)
  • Tenderly (U.S. #31, 1961)
  • Now And Forever (U.S. #48, 1961)
  • A Swingin' Safari (1962)
  • Afrikaan Beat (U.S. #42, 1962)
  • That Happy Feeling (U.S. #67, 1962)
  • Livin' it Up (1963)
  • Holiday For Bells’
  • Red Rose For A Blue Lady (U.S. #11, 1965)
  • Three O'Clock In The Morning (U.S. #33, 1965)
  • Moon Over Naples (U.S. #59, 1965)
  • Bye Bye Blues/Remember When (We Made These Memories) (U.S. #54, 1966)
  • I Can't Give You Anything But Love (U.S. #100, 1966)
  • Hold Me { AC # 37, 1967 }
  • Talk ( AC # 39, 1967 )
  • Caravan { AC # 10, 1968 }
  • The First Waltz { AC # 30, 1968 }
  • Mister Sandman ( AC # 12, 1968 )
  • (You Are) My Way Of Life { AC # 17, 1968 }
  • Games People Play { AC # 30, 1969 }
  • The Maltese Melody (1969)
  • Someday We'll Be Together { AC # 27, 1970 }
  • Sweet Caroline (Good Times Never Seemed So Good) AC # 24, 1971
  • Love Theme (1970)
  • Only A Fool (Would Lose You) (1972)

Albums[edit]

  • April In Portugal (1958)
  • Ssh! It's Bert Kaempfert & His Orchestra (1959)
  • Combo Capers (1960)
  • Wonderland by Night (1960)
  • The Wonderland of Bert Kaempfert (1961)
  • Dancing In Wonderland (1961)
  • Solitude (1962)
  • Afrikaan Beat And Other Favorites (1962)
  • With A Sound In My Heart (1962)
  • A Swingin' Safari (1962)
  • That Happy Feeling (1962)
  • 90 Minuten nach Mitternacht (1962)
  • Dreaming In Wonderland (1963)
  • Living It Up! (1963)
  • Christmastide with Kaempfert (1963)
  • That Latin Feeling (1964)
  • Blue Midnight (1964)
  • Let's Go Bowling (1964)
  • The Magic Music of Far Away Places (1964)
  • Love Letters (1965)
  • Bye Bye Blues (1965)
  • Three O'Clock in the Morning (1965)
  • A Man Could Get Killed (1966)
  • Strangers In The Night (1966) [sung by Frank Sinatra]
  • Greatest Hits (1966)
  • Hold Me (1967)
  • The World We Knew (1967)
  • Bert Kaempfert's Best (1967)
  • Love That Bert Kaempfert (1968)
  • My Way Of Life (1968)
  • Ivo Robic singt Kaempfert-Erfolge (with Ivo Robic, 1968)
  • Warm and Wonderful (1968)
  • One Lonely Night (1969)
  • Traces Of Love (1969)
  • The Kaempfert Touch (1970)
  • Free And Easy (1970)
  • Orange Coloured Sky (1971)
  • Bert Kaempfert Now! (1971)
  • 6 Plus 6 (1972)
  • Yesterday and Today (1973)
  • To The Good Life (1973)
  • Greatest Hits Volume 2 (1973)
  • The Most Beautiful Girl (1974)
  • Gallery (1974)
  • Live In London (1974)
  • Love Walked In (1975)
  • Forever My Love (1975)
  • Kaempfert '76 (1976)
  • Safari Swings Again (1977)
  • Tropical Sunrise (1977)
  • Swing (1978)
  • In Concert (with Sylvia Vrethammar, 1979; also released as a video)
  • Smile (1979)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Lounge Legends, The Original Masters of Lounge, zaterdag 26 November 2011, In Memoriam-Ladi Geisler - (27 November 1927 – 19 November 2011) http://loungelegends.blogspot.com/2011/11/in-memoriam-ladi-geisler-27-november.html.
  2. ^ The Spinning Image, Monterey Pop Year: 1969 Director: D.A. Pennebaker Stars: Jimi Hendrix, Otis Redding, The Mamas and the Papas, The Who, Ravi Shankar, Big Brother and the Holding Company, Jefferson Airplane, Paul Simon, Art Garfunkel, Country Joe and the Fish, Hugh Masakela, Canned Heat, Eric Burdon and the Animals; Genre: Documentary, Music http://www.thespinningimage.co.uk/cultfilms/displaycultfilm.asp?reviewid=142 (Uploaded March 14, 2012); P*Funk Review, Jimi Hendrix Black Experience, 'Voodoo Child: The Jimi Hendrix Collection' (A Slight Review) -- “12) Wild Thing (7:41), Monterey Pop Festival, Monterey, Ca. June 18, 1967]; This was yet another song that Jimi came to hate, but he always seemed to put an interesting spin on the song when he played it live. First of all, he always seemed to have an extended intro to the song and here the segue from The Star Spangled Banner is perfect. Then he usually seems to play it slower and FUNKIER than on the radio version of the song. Finally the totally unexpected segue into Strangers in the Night by Frank Sinatra is always surprising.” http://www.soul-patrol.com/funk/jh_voodoo.htm (Uploaded March 14, 2012) Who Sampled, Jimi Hendrix, Wild Thing, Live at Monterey Experience Hendrix 1970 http://www.whosampled.com/sample/view/96723/Jimi%20Hendrix-Wild%20Thing_Frank%20Sinatra-Strangers%20in%20the%20Night/ (Uploaded March 14, 2012).
  3. ^ Plaque appended to street nameplate

External links[edit]