|Birth name||Marvin Frederick Hamlisch|
June 2, 1944|
New York, New York, U.S.
|Died||August 6, 2012
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Genres||Musical theatre · Film music · Pops|
|Occupations||Composer · Conductor|
1965–2012Official Website: http://www.marvinhamlisch.us
Marvin Frederick Hamlisch (June 2, 1944 – August 6, 2012) was an American composer and conductor. He was one of only eleven EGOTs – those who have been awarded an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony. He was also one of only two people to have won those four prizes and a Pulitzer Prize (the other being Richard Rodgers). Hamlisch also won two Golden Globes.
Early life 
Hamlisch was born in Manhattan, to Viennese-born Jewish parents, Lilly (née Schachter) and Max Hamlisch. His father was an accordionist and bandleader. Hamlisch was a child prodigy, and, by age five, he began mimicking the piano music he heard on the radio. A few months before he turned seven, in 1951, he was accepted into what is now the Juilliard School Pre-College Division.
His first job was as a rehearsal pianist for Funny Girl with Barbra Streisand. Shortly after that, he was hired by producer Sam Spiegel to play piano at Spiegel's parties. This connection led to his first film score, The Swimmer. His favorite musicals growing up were My Fair Lady, Gypsy, West Side Story, and Bye Bye Birdie. Hamlisch attended Queens College, earning his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1967.
Film and composer 
Although Liza Minnelli's debut album included a song he wrote in his teens, his first hit did not come until he was 21 years old. This song, "Sunshine, Lollipops, and Rainbows", co-written with Howard Liebling, was recorded by Lesley Gore and reached number 13 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the summer of 1965. His first film score was for The Swimmer, after the film's producer Sam Spiegel hired Hamlisch based on a piano performance Hamlisch did at a party. Later he wrote music for several early Woody Allen films such as Take the Money and Run and Bananas. In addition, Hamlisch co-wrote the song "California Nights" (also with Liebling), which was recorded by Lesley Gore for her 1967 hit album of the same name. The Bob Crewe-produced single peaked at number 16 on the Hot 100 in March 1967, two months after Gore had performed the song on the Batman TV series, in which she guest-starred as an accomplice to Julie Newmar's Catwoman.
Among his better-known works during the 1970s were adaptations of Scott Joplin's ragtime music for the motion picture The Sting, including its theme song, "The Entertainer". It hit #1 on Billboards Adult Contemporary chart and #3 on the Hot 100, selling nearly 2 million copies in the U.S. alone. He had great success in 1973, winning two Academy Awards for the title song and the score for the motion picture The Way We Were and one Academy Award for the adaptation score for The Sting. He won four Grammy Awards in 1974, two for "The Way We Were". In 1975, he wrote what, for the first 12 years, would be the original theme music for Good Morning America, which was built around four notes. He co-wrote "Nobody Does It Better" for The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) with his then-girlfriend Carole Bayer Sager, which would be nominated for an Oscar. In the 1980s, he had success with the scores for Ordinary People (1980) and Sophie's Choice (1982). He also received an Academy-Award nomination in 1986 for the film version of A Chorus Line. His last projects included Three Men and a Baby, and, The Informant! (2009), starring Matt Damon and directed by Steven Soderbergh. Prior to his death, he completed the score for the musical, "The Nutty Profesor" and the score for "Behind the Candleabra," depicting the life of Liberace and starring Michael Douglas and Matt Damon. The HBO movie is scheduled for release in 2013.
Hamlisch's first major stage work was in 1972 playing piano for Groucho Marx at Carnegie Hall for An Evening with Groucho. Hamlisch acted as both straight man and accompanist while Marx (at age 81) reminisced about his career in show business. The performances were released as a 2-record set, and remained very popular. He then composed the score for the 1975 Broadway musical A Chorus Line, for which he won both a Tony Award and a Pulitzer Prize; and They're Playing Our Song, loosely based on his relationship with Carole Bayer Sager.
At the beginning of the 1980s, his romantic relationship with Bayer Sager ended, but their songwriting relationship continued. The 1983 musical Jean Seberg, based on the life of the real-life actress, failed in its London production at the UK's National Theatre and never played in the U.S. In 1986, Smile was a mixed success and had a short run on Broadway. The musical version of Neil Simon's The Goodbye Girl (1993) closed after only 188 performances, although he received a Drama Desk nomination, for Outstanding Music.
Shortly before his death, Hamlisch finished scoring the musical version of The Nutty Professor, based on the 1963 film. The show premiered on July 24, 2012, at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center (TPAC) in Nashville, aiming for a Broadway run.
Hamlisch was Musical Director and arranger of Barbra Streisand's 1994 concert tour of the U.S. and England as well as of the television special, Barbra Streisand: The Concert, for which he received two of his Emmys. He also conducted several tours of Linda Ronstadt during this period, most notably on her successful 1996 Dedicated to the One I Love tour of arenas and stadiums.
He held the position of Principal Pops Conductor for the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, the San Diego Symphony, the Seattle Symphony, the Dallas Symphony Orchestra, Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, The National Symphony Orchestra Pops, The Pasadena Symphony and Pops, and the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra.
Honors and awards 
Hamlisch was one of only eleven people to win all four major U.S. performing awards: Emmy Award, Grammy Award, the Oscar and Tony Award. This collection of all four is referred to as an "EGOT". Hamlisch and Richard Rodgers are the only two people to have won this series of awards and a Pulitzer Prize.
He earned ten Golden Globe Award nominations, winning twice for Best Original Song, with "Life Is What You Make It" in 1972 and "The Way We Were" in 1974. He also received six Emmy Award nominations, winning four times, twice for music direction of Barbra Streisand specials, in 1995 and 2001. He shared the Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1976 with Michael Bennett, James Kirkwood, Nicholas Dante, and Edward Kleban for his musical contribution to the original Broadway production of A Chorus Line.
Hamlisch received a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009 at the World Soundtrack Awards in Ghent, Belgium. He was also inducted into the Long Island Music Hall of Fame in 2008. In 2008, he appeared as a judge in the Canadian reality series Triple Sensation which aired on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. The show was aimed to provide a training bursary to a talented young man or woman with the potential to be a leader in song, dance, and acting.
Personal life 
In May 1989, Hamlisch married Terre Blair, a native of Columbus, Ohio, and weather/news anchor from that city's ABC affiliate, WTVN-Channel 6. The marriage lasted until his death. His prior relationship with lyricist Carole Bayer Sager was the inspiration for the musical They're Playing Our Song.
Marvin Hamlisch died on August 6, 2012, in Los Angeles, California at age 68, following a short illness, primarily due to respiratory arrest caused by a combination of anoxic brain encephalopathy and hypertension.
The Associated Press described him as having written "some of the best-loved and most enduring songs and scores in movie history". Streisand released a statement praising Hamlisch, stating it was "his brilliantly quick mind, his generosity and delicious sense of humor that made him a delight to be around". Aretha Franklin called him "classic and one of a kind", and one of the "all-time great" arrangers and producers. The head of the Pasadena Symphony and Pops commented that Hamlisch had "left a very specific ... original mark on American music and added to the great American songbook with works he himself composed".
At 8:00 p.m. EDT on August 8, the marquee lights of the 40 Broadway theaters were dimmed for one minute in tribute to Hamlisch, a posthumous honor traditionally accorded to those considered to have made significant contributions to the theater arts.
Barbra Streisand, Aretha Franklin and Liza Minnelli took turns singing songs by Hamlisch during a memorial service for the composer on September 18, 2012. At the 2013 Academy Awards, Barbra Streisand sang "The Way We Were" in Hamlisch's memory.
The Dallas Symphony Orchestra performed a rare Hamlisch classical symphonic suite titled Anatomy of Peace (Symphonic Suite in one Movement For Full Orchestra/Chorus/Child Vocal Soloist) on November 19, 1991. It was also performed at Carnegie Hall in 1993, and in Paris in 1994 to commemorate D-Day. The work was recorded by the Dallas Symphony Orchestra in 1992. Anatomy of Peace was a book by Emery Reves which expressed the world-federalist sentiments shared by Albert Einstein and many others in the late 1940s, in the period immediately following World War II.
- Seesaw (1973) [Dance Arrangements]
- A Chorus Line (Pulitzer Prize for Drama) (1975)
- They're Playing Our Song (1978)
- Jean Seberg (1983)
- Smile (1986)
- The Goodbye Girl (1993)
- Sweet Smell of Success: The Musical (2002)
- Imaginary Friends (2002)
Pulitzer Prize 
Academy Awards 
- 1972 Nominee, Best Original Song – "Life Is What You Make It" from Kotch
- 1973 Winner, Best Original Dramatic Score – The Way We Were
- 1973 Winner, Best Original Song Score and/or Adaptation – The Sting
- 1973 Winner, Best Original Song – "The Way We Were" from The Way We Were
- 1977 Nominee, Best Original Song – "Nobody Does It Better" from The Spy Who Loved Me
- 1977 Nominee, Best Original Score – The Spy Who Loved Me
- 1979 Nominee, Best Original Song – "The Last Time I Felt Like This" from Same Time, Next Year
- 1980 Nominee, Best Original Song – "Through the Eyes of Love" from Ice Castles
- 1983 Nominee, Best Original Score – Sophie's Choice
- 1986 Nominee, Best Original Song – "Surprise Surprise" from A Chorus Line
- 1990 Nominee, Best Original Song – "The Girl Who Used to Be Me" from Shirley Valentine
- 1997 Nominee, Best Original Song – "I Finally Found Someone" from The Mirror Has Two Faces
See also 
- "Marvin Hamlisch Biography". filmreference. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-25.
- Marvin Hamlisch biography TurnerClassicMovies.com, retrieved April 2, 2009.
- Cerasaro. Pat."InDepth Interview Marvin Hamlisch" Broadwayworld.com, July 22, 2010.
- Rob Hoerburger (August 7, 2012). "Marvin Hamlisch, Whose Notes Struck Gold, Dies at 68". The New York Times. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Academy Awards Database, results for query on 1973 music category winners". Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- "Author Michael Levin Remembers Marvin Hamlisch". antimusic.com. August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
- "Hamlisch biography.Broadway:The American Musical" PBS, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "The Goodbye Girl listing", IMDb, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Ellis, Jeffrey (August 7, 2012). "The Nutty Professor Company Members Pay Tribute to Marvin Hamlisch". BroadwayWorld.com (Wisdom Digital Media). Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Ridley, Jim. "The Nutty Professor at TPAC". NashvilleScene.com. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Itzkoff, Dave (July 18, 2012). "Theater Novice at 86? What a Nutty Idea". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Ng, David (August 8, 2012). "Without Marvin Hamlisch, some uncertainty for 'Nutty Professor'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- "Hamlisch Biography", Pittsburgh Symphony, retrieved April 2, 2009.
- "Hamlisch Listing" Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Musicians and Conductors Listing", San Diego Symphony, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Hamlisch Listing" Seattle Symphony, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Conductors", Dallas Symphony Orchestra, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- "Composer Marvin Hamlisch dies at 68", Buffalo News, retrieved August 7, 2012.
- "Marvin Hamlish Bio". August 8, 2012.
- Ng, David (August 27, 2010). "Marvin Hamlisch named conductor of the Pasadena Pops". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 26, 2012.
- http://www.latimes.com/topic/entertainment/music/bs-ed-hamlisch-letter-20120810,0,3283745.story, Los Angeles Times, retrieved 23 Apr 2013
- List of people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar and a Tony Award
- "Tony Legacy, They're the Top", tonyawards.com, retrieved February 5, 2010.
- "Marvin Hamlisch Golden Globes Awards", goldenglobes.org, retrieved August 7, 2009.
- "Hamlisch Award Listing", Internet Movie Database, retrieved April 2, 2009.
- limusichalloffame.org "The Long Island Music Hall of Fame Second Induction Award Gala on October 30 at the Garden City Hotel", limusichalloffame.org, 2008, retrieved August 18, 2011.
- Full cast and crew for 'Triple Sensation'. IMDb. Retrieved August 11, 2012
- Ouzounian, Richard (August 8, 2012). "Marvin Hamlisch, composer for 'The Sting' and 'A Chorus Line', dies in L.A.". thestar.com (Toronto Star). Retrieved August 11, 2012
- "Marvin Hamlisch to Marry Ms. Blair, Producer, in May", The New York Times, March 19, 1989.
- "People Are Talking About", Jet, June 19, 1989 (books.google.com).
- Laufenberg, Norbert B."Hamlisch, Marvin". Entertainment Celebrities, Trafford Publishing, 2005, p. 285 (books.google.com).
- "Marvin Hamlisch". The Telegraph. August 8, 2012. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Klein, Alvin. "A New Approach for Marvin Hamlisch", The New York Times, August 22, 1993.
- "COMPOSER MARVIN HAMLISCH Died From Lung Failure". TMZ. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
- "Marvin Hamlisch left his signature on decades of films". Boston Herald. Associated Press. August 8, 2012. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- "Marvin Hamlisch, composer for Broadway and the screen, dies aged 68". Associated Press. guardian.co.uk, August 7, 2012.
- Woo, Elaine (August 8, 2012). "Marvin Hamlisch dies at 68; award-winning composer of popular music". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
- Ariosto, David (August 7, 2012). "Broadway to dim in honor of composer Marvin Hamlisch; dead at 68". CNN. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Levine, Daniel S. (August 8, 2012). "Broadway to dim lights in tribute to the late composer Marvin Hamlisch". TheCelebrityCafe.com. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Cody, Gabrielle H. (2007). "Shaw, George Bernard". Columbia Encyclopedia of Modern Drama, Volume 2 (Columbia University Press (via GoogleBooks.com)). p. 1227. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Bloom, Ken (November 11, 2003). "Hammerstein, Oscar, II". Broadway: An Encyclopedia (Taylor & Francis (via GoogleBooks.com)). p. 212. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Gussow, Mel (May 23, 2000). "Sir John Gielgud, 96, Dies; Beacon of Classical Stage". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
- Kennedy, Mark. "STREISAND, MINNELLI SING FOR MARVIN HAMLISCH IN NY". AP. Retrieved September 19, 2012.
- Brozan, Nadine. "Chronicle", The New York Times, November 19, 1991.
- Alvin Klein. "A New Approach for Marvin Hamlisch", The New York Times, August 22, 1993.
- Croan, Robert. "Hamlisch Symphony", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 30, 1994, p. 19.
- "Dallas Symphony Orchestra Discography", dallassymphony.com, p. 4, retrieved February 4, 2010.
Further reading 
- Flinn, Denny Martin (1989). What They Did for Love: The Untold Story Behind the Making of "A Chorus Line". Bantam ISBN 0-553-34593-1.
- Hamlisch, Marvin (1992). The Way I Was. Scribner; 1st edition. ISBN 0-684-19327-2.
- Kelly, Kevin (1990). One Singular Sensation: The Michael Bennett Story. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26125-X.
- Mandelbaum, Ken (1990). "A Chorus Line" and the Musicals of Michael Bennett. St Martins Press. ISBN 0-312-04280-9.
- Stevens, Gary (2000). The Longest Line: Broadway's Most Singular Sensation: "A Chorus Line". Applause Books. ISBN 1-55783-221-8.
- Viagas, Robert (1990). On the Line – The Creation of "A Chorus Line". Limelight Editions; 2nd edition. ISBN 0-87910-336-1.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Marvin Hamlisch|
- Marvin Hamlisch at the Internet Broadway Database
- Marvin Hamlisch at the Internet Movie Database
- Marvin Hamlisch at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Marvin Hamlisch at Find a Grave
- Marvin Hamlisch collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Works by or about Marvin Hamlisch in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- PBS article
- Marvin Hamlisch and the Pittsburgh Pops
- Official Website: http://www.marvinhamlisch.us