Blackpool Electric Tramway Company

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Blackpool Electric Tramway Company
Car No. 4 at the National Tramway Museum
Operation
Locale Blackpool
Open 29 September 1885
Close 10 September 1892
Status Closed
Infrastructure
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Propulsion system(s) Conduit electric
Depot(s) Blundell Street
Statistics
Route length 1 mile (1.6 km)

Blackpool Electric Tramway Company operated a tramway service in Blackpool between 1885 and 1893.[1] It was the first electric tramway in England.

History[edit]

On 3 December 1884 Blackpool Corporation agreed to use Michael Holroyd Smith's conduit tramway and granted him a seven-year concession.

The Blackpool Electric Tramway Company was formed in January 1885, and set up with capital[2] of £30,000 (£2,827,380 in 2015).[3] The first rail was laid in March and the first test runs were made on 29 June. The tramway was officially opened on 29 September 1885.

The Chairman of the company was Alderman Richard Horsfall.

The location caused many problems for the conduit system and the company employed horses to pull trams when the track was flooded.

With further extensions, the line ran from Cocker Street to Dean Street near South Pier[4] and from Manchester Square along Lytham Road.

The tramway was a financial success. In 1890 the profits of the year were £2,983 (£286,445 in 2015),[3] out of which a dividend of 7 per cent was paid.

Closure[edit]

When the lease expired, the Corporation took over the tramway on 18 September 1893, and it continued as Blackpool Corporation Tramway. The Blackpool Electric Tramway Company was wound up.[5]

Car 4 survived and is preserved at the National Tramway Museum.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis.
  2. ^ Railway times: Volume 48, Part 1. 1885
  3. ^ a b UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  4. ^ "Blackpool Trams". Fylde Tramway Society. 3 September 2004. Retrieved 4 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Electrical review: Volume 31, 1893