Bor Wildlife Sanctuary

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
'Satellite core' of Pench Tiger Reserve
Wildlife sanctuary
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Maharashtra
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
Bor Wildlife Sanctuary
Coordinates: 20°58′39″N 78°40′33″E / 20.97750°N 78.67583°E / 20.97750; 78.67583Coordinates: 20°58′39″N 78°40′33″E / 20.97750°N 78.67583°E / 20.97750; 78.67583
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Wardha District
Established 1970
Area
 • Total 121.1 km2 (46.8 sq mi)
Elevation 460 m (1,510 ft)
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Wardha
IUCN category IV
Governing body Maharashtra State Forest Dept.
Website www.mahapenchtiger.com/Bor_Wildlife.aspx

Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located near Hingi in Wardha District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a home to a variety of wild animals. The sanctuary covers an area of 121.1 km2 (46.8 sq mi).[1][2][3][4] which includes the drainage basin of the Bor Dam.

It is notable that Bor Sanctuary and some adjacent protected areas will be merged with Pench Tiger Reserve (Maharashtra) as a 'Satellite core area', to more than double the area of that well established tiger reserve.[5]

Bor Sanctuary is centrally located among several other Bengal Tiger habitats including: Pench Tiger Reserve Maharashtra), 90 km2 (35 sq mi) to the northeast; Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary, 125 km2 (48 sq mi) to the east northeast; Umred Karhangla Wildlife Sanctuary (Pro),75 km2 (29 sq mi) to the east southeast; Tadoba - Andhari Tiger Reserve, 85 km2 (33 sq mi) to the southeast; Melghat Tiger Reserve, 140 km2 (54 sq mi) to the west northwest and Satpura National Park and Tiger Reserve,160 km2 (62 sq mi) to the northwest.

Zones[edit]

In April, 2012, the Maharashtra state government issued a notification adding 60 km2 (23 sq mi) to the old 61.1 km2 (23.6 sq mi) area of Bor Sanctuary.[1] The new Core Zone of 115.92 km2 (44.76 sq mi) is the most protected and inviolate part of the sanctuary where the public is not allowed. It comprises 95.7% of the total area. Most of the core area is contiguous with good forest of Wardha Forest Division and Nagpur Forest Division. See Map of Bor Wildlife Sanctuary.

The Eco-tourism Zone of 5.21 km2 (2.01 sq mi) designated for public access for nature and wildlife tourism comprises 4.3% of the total sanctuary area. The purpose of the tourism zone is to educate the public about the significance of nature and wildlife conservation and to stimulate their environmental awareness.

The Buffer Zone is less protected forest area near the Sanctuary that serves as a protective barrier for the core area.

The Bor Sanctuary is physically divided by the Bor Reservoir into 2 sections, previously; 2/3 (40 km2 (15 sq mi)), as the west part and 1/3, (21 km2 (8.1 sq mi)), as the eastern part. 95% of the western part is in Wardha district and 90% of the eastern part is in Nagpur district. The Bor Reservoir area is about 7.25 km2 (2.80 sq mi) and is not included in the total sanctuary area.[2]

Climate[edit]

There are three seasons; summer, winter and the rainy season.

Culture[edit]

There are some religious places in the sanctuary such as a Shiva temple at Khori-Khapa, Bruhaspati Temple at Chauki, Hanuman Temple at Khadki and Ganesh Temple at Kelzar.

It is believed this was an important place in Mahabharata time, namely about the early Gupta period (ca. 4th century CE).[6] Archaeological remains known as Nasargarh and Gidamgarh reveal the existence of a seat of power here in the beginning of the 1st century.[2]

Flora[edit]

The ecozone of the area is South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests with the main species being Teak, Ain, Tendu (East Indian Ebony) and Bamboo.

The main herbs found in the sanctuary are Tarot, Tenella, Tarwar, Gokhru, Wight (bracteata), Vanbhendi, Velatri and Waghori.[2]

Fauna[edit]

Mammal species such as the Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Indian bison, blue bull, chital, sambar deer, peacock, barking deer, mouse deer, monkey, wild boar, sloth bear, and wild dog live here.[7][3]

Tigers

As per the 2010-11 tiger estimation report, there are 24 tigers in the Pench and Bor landscape.[5] The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) estimated the presence of 12 tigers in and around the sanctuary but the number has increased to 15, with three new cubs sighted in March 2011. A tigress with two-month-old cubs; one male and two females, was first sighted by the field staff in the sanctuary's core zone.

The annual births of new tiger cubs shows that the Bor is a breeding ground for tigers, with cubs born here each of the past four years. In 2008, a tigress had three cubs, then one more tigress had two cubs in 2009, followed by another tigress with one cub in 2010 and three cubs in 2011.

The field director of Pench Tiger Reserve said the 2011 birthsseem to be the first litter of this tigress. "Better protection, good prey base and availability of water are three key factors why Bor is becoming a safe heaven for tigers,"[8]

Birds

There are than 160 species of birds belonging to 46 families of 16 different orders, recorded in the sanctuary. This includes over 10 species of migratory birds and over 9 species of endangered birds.

Reptiles

The sanctuary is home to over 26 species of reptiles belonging 11 families, of which 6 species are endangered, namely, Indian cobra, Russel’s viper, Indian Rock python, Indian rat snake, Chequered Keelback and Monitor lizard.[2]

Tiger reserve proposal[edit]

On 13 September 2010, the intention to create a Bor Tiger Reserve was announced by the then Minister of Environment and Forests, Jairam Ramesh. The Maharashtra Forest Department later decided that the Bor Wildlife Sanctuary is too small to be declared as a tiger reserve. It has become the 47th Tiger Reserve in India with Environment Minister(Prakash Javadekar) notifying it as a tiger reserve with an aim to strengthen the conservation efforts of the national animal on 7 July 2014.

Read more at: http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/37674545.cms?utm_source=contentofinterest&utm_medium=text&utm_campaign=cppst

"It is not practical to declare Bor a reserve. It is well connected to Pench Tiger Reserve and wildlife sanctuary adjoining Pench, and is also a wildlife corridor. All this area will now be part of Pench," said S.K. Khetarpal, Principal Chief Conservator of Forests ( PCCF) for Wildlife, Maharashtra.

Bor sanctuary will now be extended to 120.39 km2 (46.48 sq mi). It will include the existing sanctuary area of 59.70 km2 (23.05 sq mi) and adjoining 12.24 km2 (4.73 sq mi) from Nagpur and 48.46 km2 (18.71 sq mi) from Wardha division. The expanded 120.39 km2 (46.48 sq mi) Bor will be a 'satellite' core of the 257.23 km2 (99.32 sq mi) Pench along with 172.86 km2 (66.74 sq mi) Mansingdeo sanctuary. If these three areas are fully consolidated, Pench will then become 550.47 km2 (212.54 sq mi), a 2.14 times increase in area.

"The Bor sanctuary is an important 'satellite' area which has the potential to serve as a 'stepping stone' for tigers dispersing from the source area of Pench,"[5]NOW IN 2014 IT IS DECLARED AS 47 th TIGER'S RESRVE OF INDIA

Conservation[edit]

The wildlife sanctuary, including a nature interpretation center and tourism complex is operated under the authority of the Addl. Principal Chief Conservator of Forests-Wildlife-East, Nagpur circle.[9]

Since 2005, the wildlife conservation NGO Srushti Paryavaran Mandal in association with the Maharashtra Forest Department-Pench Tiger Reserve office has been working on several conservation projects in the Bor Sanctuary, including water conservation through building small check dams, habitat mapping and rehabilitation of orphaned tiger cubs.[10]

Threats[edit]

The sanctuary needs enhanced protection and habitat management, especially in the adjacent forest areas. The biggest threat to Bor is forest fires. In 2011 around 800 ha (3.1 sq mi) of forest was destroyed by ground fire. Tendu collection in the 5 km (3.1 mi) buffer area around the sanctuary needs to be banned completely."

Increasing numbers of tigers has led to an increase in tiger attacks. In January, 2011 three villagers were attacked outside the sanctuary. As the attacks were outside the sanctuary compensation was not paid. Villagers have been speaking against tigers owing to attacks and cattle kills. Delay or nonpayment of compensation has moved the villagers' attitude against tigers.[8]

Visitor information[edit]

MSH 3

The best time to visit is in April and May. Sanctuary is closed on Mondays.

Traveling on the Wardha-Nagpur road MSH3, one must turn north at Seloo for Hingi and then to the visitor center at Bor Dam.
The nearest bus station is Hingni 5 km (3.1 mi) from the sanctuary.
The nearest railway station is at Wardha about 35 km (22 mi) away.
The nearest airport is Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport at Nagpur 80 km (50 mi)away.[11]

Promotion of wildlife tourism was planned in 2002 for Bhor Dam, on the outskirts of Bhor Wildlife Sanctuary at the project cost of Rs 6.2 million.[12][13] The MTDC Resort now offers 10 double-bed rooms, 3 dormitories, and restaurant facilities.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dipannita Das, TNN (6 April 2012), "More area 'protected' at Nagzira, Navegaon, Bor", Times of India (Nagpur: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd), retrieved 7 April 2012 
  2. ^ a b c d e "The Bor Wildlife Sanctuary", Pench Tiger Reserve (Pench Tiger Project Maharashtra), 12 November 2011, retrieved 12 March 2012 
  3. ^ a b c "Bor Dam", Sanctuaries (Maharashtra Tourism Development Corporation), retrieved 12 March 2012 
  4. ^ "Bor Wildlife Sanctuary", Wildlife Sanctuaries in West India (Kailash Mansarovar Yatra), retrieved 12 March 2012 
  5. ^ a b c Vijay Pinjarkar, TNN (12 November 2011), "Bor to be 'satellite' core of Pench tiger reserve", Times of India (Nagpur: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd), retrieved 12 March 2012 
  6. ^ Van Buitenen; The Mahabharata – 1; The Book of the Beginning. Introduction (Authorship and Date)
  7. ^ Environment Department. Government of Maharashtra, "Bhor Wildlife Sanctuary", Socio-economic Review of Maharashtra (Mantralaya, Mumbai-400032: ENVIS, Environment Department,): 187, retrieved 12 March 2012  |chapter= ignored (help)
  8. ^ a b Vijay Pinjarkar, TNN (31 May 2011), "Three tiger cubs Bor's new guests", Times of India (Nagpur: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd), retrieved 12 March 2012 
  9. ^ Welcome to The Wildlife Nagpur Circle, Mumbai: Maharashtra State Forest Department, retrieved 12 March 2012 
  10. ^ What We Do-Specific activities, Srushti Paryavaran Mandal, retrieved 12 March 2012 
  11. ^ "Bhor Wildlife Sanctuary", Sanctuaries of Maharashtra (Classic Services), retrieved 12 March 2012 
  12. ^ "INDIA TIGER ESTIMATE 2010", Public Information Brochure (New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA), 28 March 2011: 9, retrieved 21 June 2011 
  13. ^ Achal Dhruva (August 2003), "On The Wildlife Tourism Trail", Express Travel & Tourism (Mumbai: Indian Express Group), retrieved 12 March 2012 

External sources[edit]